.222 Remington

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.222 Remington
222 Remington.JPG
Type Rifle
Place of origin United States
Production history
Designer Mike Walker
Designed 1950
Manufacturer Remington
Specifications
Case type Rimless, bottleneck
Bullet diameter .224 in (5.7 mm)
Neck diameter .253 in (6.4 mm)
Shoulder diameter .357 in (9.1 mm)
Base diameter .376 in (9.6 mm)
Rim diameter .378 in (9.6 mm)
Case length 1.700 in (43.2 mm)
Overall length 2.130 in (54.1 mm)
Case capacity 26.9 gr H2O (1.74 cm3)
Rifling twist 1 in 14 in (360 mm)
Primer type Small rifle
Maximum pressure 50,000 psi (340 MPa)
Ballistic performance
Bullet weight/type Velocity Energy
40 gr (3 g) HP 3,583 ft/s (1,092 m/s) 1,141 ft·lbf (1,547 J)
50 gr (3 g) SP 3,168 ft/s (966 m/s) 1,115 ft·lbf (1,512 J)
55 gr (4 g) SP 3,095 ft/s (943 m/s) 1,170 ft·lbf (1,590 J)
60 gr (4 g) VMax 2,937 ft/s (895 m/s) 1,150 ft·lbf (1,560 J)
Test barrel length: 24"
Source(s): Hodgdon [1]
.222 Remington maximum C.I.P. cartridge dimensions. All sizes in millimeters (mm) plus Imperial (inches).

The .222 Remington, which is also known as the Triple Deuce/Triple Two/Treble Two is a centerfire rifle cartridge. Introduced in 1950, it was the first commercial rimless .22 (5.56 mm) cartridge made in the United States. As such, it was an entirely new design, without a parent case.[2] The .222 Remington was a popular target cartridge from its introduction until the mid-1970s and still enjoys a reputation for inherent accuracy. It remains a popular varmint cartridge at short and medium ranges with preferred bullet weights of 40-55 grains and muzzle velocities from 3000-3500 fps.

Introduction[edit]

The .222 Remington was introduced in the Remington Arms Model 722 bolt action rifle.[3] Factory rifles often produce groups of one minute of arc (0.3 mrad) or less with no tuning. The accuracy and flat trajectory of the cartridge resulted in the adoption of the round for varmint and benchrest rifles. The faster .220 Swift and .22-250 provided more reach than the .222 Remington. These larger cartridges have more power (roughly 50 percent more) than the .222, but also more muzzle blast and barrel erosion.[1]

The .222 Remington is popular in Europe where it is known as 5.7×43. Sako was one of the first European makers to introduce .222 Remington rifles and cartridges, and German and Austrian hunters quickly adopted the .222 Remington for hunting smaller deer sized game.

Legacy[edit]

Size comparison between .222 (left) and .223 (right)

The .222 Remington was finally eclipsed in benchrest competition by the 6 mm PPC.

When the US military was looking for a new smallbore rifle cartridge, Remington started with the .222 Remington, and stretched it to increase powder capacity by about 20% in 1958 to make the .222 Remington Magnum. The greater powder capacity put the velocities between the standard .222 Remington and the 22-250. The cartridge was not accepted by the military, but it was introduced commercially.[4] In 1963, the 5.56×45mm NATO, also based on a stretched .222 case, was adopted along with the new M16 rifle. The NATO cartridge had a capacity only 5% less than the Magnum. The new 5.56×45mm cartridge was commercialized by Remington as the .223 Remington. Given the close performance to other cartridges and military acceptance, both the .222 Remington and the .222 Magnum faded quickly into obsolescence, being replaced by the .223 Remington.

While the .222 Remington is rarely found in current production in America, its derivative cartridges are among the most popular in the world. In addition to the .222 Magnum and .223 Remington, the .222 has also served as the parent case for the .221 Fireball, the fastest production handgun cartridge.

The .222 Remington still is fairly popular in Europe, where producers like Sako, Tikka and Sauer chamber rifles for this caliber. Firearms that are usually chambered for the .223 Remington/5.56×45mm NATO caliber are often rechambered for the .222 Remington for sale in countries where regulations restrict or forbid civilian ownership of "military calibers". Examples of countries with such legislation include France and Spain.

Another relatively new interest in the .222 Remington is by hand loaders re-sizing the case to 5.45x39 dimensions. Since no commercial brass exists for this cartridge and the US government has handed down the 7N6 importation ban of inexpensive military surplus 5.45x39 in early 2014, the .222 Remington has been deemed the most compatible replacement for use in maintaining cost reduction. [5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b .222 load data Hodgdon Online
  2. ^ .222 Remington at the Reload Bench
  3. ^ Nosler Reloading Guide Number Four, 1996, Nosler, Inc., Bend OR.
  4. ^ Speer Reloading Manual Number 12, 1994, Blount, Inc., Lewiston, ID.
  5. ^ "Reloading for 5.45x39". 

External links[edit]