.32 S&W Long

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.32 S&W Long
76238comparison.jpg
.32 S&W Long (left) in comparison with .32 H&R Magnum and 7.62x38mmR Nagant
Type Revolver
Place of origin USA
Production history
Designer Smith & Wesson
Designed 1896
Produced 1896–Present
Specifications
Parent case .32 S&W
Case type Rimmed, straight-walled
Bullet diameter .312 in (7.9 mm)
Neck diameter .337 in (8.6 mm)
Base diameter .337 in (8.6 mm)
Rim diameter .375 in (9.5 mm)
Rim thickness .055 in (1.4 mm)
Case length .920 in (23.4 mm)
Overall length 1.280 in (32.5 mm)
Ballistic performance
Bullet weight/type Velocity Energy
98 gr (6 g) LHBWC 718 ft/s (219 m/s) 112 ft·lbf (152 J)
90 gr (6 g) LSWC 765 ft/s (233 m/s) 117 ft·lbf (159 J)
85 gr (6 g) JHP 723 ft/s (220 m/s) 99 ft·lbf (134 J)
Source(s): Hodgdon [1]

The .32 S&W Long is a straight-walled, centerfire, rimmed handgun cartridge, based on the earlier .32 S&W cartridge. It was introduced in 1896 for Smith & Wesson's first-model Hand Ejector revolver. Colt called it the .32 Colt New Police in revolvers it made chambered for the cartridge.[2]

History[edit]

The .32 S&W long was introduced in 1896 with the companies first hand ejector revolver. The .32 S&W long is simply a lengthened version of the earlier .32 S&W cartridge. The hand ejector design has evolved some, but with its swing out cylinder on a crane, has been the basis for every S&W revolver designed since. In 1896 the cartridge was loaded with black powder. In 1903 the small hand ejector was updated with a new design, the cartridge stayed the same, but was now loaded with smokeless powder to roughly the same chamber pressure.[2]

When he was the New York City Police Commissioner, Theodore Roosevelt standardized the department's use of the Colt New Police revolver. The cartridge was then adopted by several other northeastern U.S. police departments.[3] The .32 Long is well known as an unusually accurate cartridge. This reputation led Police Commissioner Roosevelt to select it as an expedient way to increase officers' accuracy with their revolvers in New York City. The Colt company referred to the .32 S&W long cartridge as the .32 "Colt's New Police" cartridge, concurrent with the introduction of the Colt's Police Positive revolver. The cartridges are functionally identical with the exception that the .32 NP cartridge has been historically loaded with a flat nosed bullet as opposed to the round nose of the .32 S&W long.[2]

Current Use[edit]

In the United States, it is usually older revolvers which are chambered in this caliber. The cartidge has mostly fallen out of use due to smaller revolvers chambered in .38 S&W Special being more effective for self-defense.[2]

The .32 S&W Long is popular among international competitors using high-end target pistols from makers such as Hämmerli, Benelli, and Walther, among others, but chambered for wadcutter bullet type. The sporting variant of the Manurhin MR 73 is also chambered in .32 S&W Long.[4]

The IOF .32 Revolver manufactured by the Ordnance Factories Organization in India for civilian licence holders is chambered for this cartridge.[5]

Modern High velocity loadings of the .32 S&W Long/Colt New Police.

Interchangability[edit]

The .32 S&W Long headspaces on the rim and shares the rim dimensions and case and bullet diameters of the shorter .32 S&W cartridge and the longer .32 H&R Magnum and .327 Federal Magnum cartridges. The shorter .32 S&W cartridges may be fired in handguns chambered for the .32 S&W Long; and the .32 S&W Long cartridges may be fired in arms chambered for the longer .32 H&R Magnum cartridge; although the longer cartridges should not fit and must not be fired in arms designed for the shorter and less powerful cartridges.[6]

The .32 S&W long and .32 Long Colt are not interchangeable as the .32 S&W Long and .32 Colt New Police cartridges are, neither is the .34/44 cartridge.[2] At one time it was widely publicized that these rounds would interchange, but it is no longer deemed safe to do so.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ .32 S&W Long data at Hodgdon
  2. ^ a b c d e f Barnes, Frank C. (2009). Cartridges of the World: A Complete and Illustrated Reference for Over 1500 Cartridges. Iola, Wisconsin: Gun Digest Books. pp. 283–284. ISBN 1-4402-1330-5. 
  3. ^ ".32 Colt Police Positive Special" by Mike Cumpston at GunBlast.com
  4. ^ McNab, Chris (2004). The Great Book of Guns: An Illustrated History of Military, Sporting, and Antique Firearms. Thunder Bay Press. p. 191. ISBN 1-59223-304-X. 
  5. ^ Walker, Robert E. (2013). Cartridges and Firearm Identification. CRC Press. p. 317. ISBN 978-1-4665-8881-3. 
  6. ^ Treakle, John W. (May 2011). American Rifleman 140 (5): 42.