.338 Federal

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.338 Federal
338 Federal cartridges.jpg
.338 Federal between .308 Winchester (left) and .358 Winchester (right)
Type Rifle
Place of origin USA
Production history
Designer Federal Cartridge / Sako
Manufacturer Federal Cartridge
Produced 2006
Specifications
Parent case .308 Winchester
Case type Rimless, bottleneck
Bullet diameter .338 in (8.6 mm)
Neck diameter .369 in (9.4 mm)
Shoulder diameter .454 in (11.5 mm)
Base diameter .470 in (11.9 mm)
Rim diameter .473 in (12.0 mm)
Rim thickness .049 in (1.2 mm)
Case length 2.01 in (51 mm)
Overall length 2.75 in (70 mm)
Primer type Large rifle
Maximum pressure 62,000 psi
Ballistic performance
Bullet weight/type Velocity Energy
180 gr (12 g) Accubond 2,830 ft/s (860 m/s) 3,202 ft·lbf (4,341 J)
185 gr (12 g) TSX 2,750 ft/s (840 m/s) 3,107 ft·lbf (4,213 J)
210 gr (14 g) Nos Part 2,630 ft/s (800 m/s) 3,226 ft·lbf (4,374 J)
Source(s): Cartridges of the World [1]

The .338 Federal is a rifle cartridge based on the .308 Winchester case necked up to .33 caliber. It was created by Federal Cartridge and Sako in 2006 and intended as a big game cartridge with reasonable recoil for lightweight rifles.[1]

Comparison[edit]

In terms of performance, the .338 Federal compares favorably with cartridges that have similar capacities and purposes. It has less recoil yet similar muzzle velocity and energy compared to the 7mm Remington Magnum in bullets of the same weight while having greater energy than the .30-06 Springfield. The .300 Winchester Magnum is also a worthwhile comparison despite the .300's considerably higher recoil. Also included in the table below is the older .358 Winchester, another cartridge based on the .308.

.338 Federal Performance Comparison
Cartridge Bullet Weight Muzzle velocity Muzzle energy Load[a] Recoil in 8 lb (3.6 kg) rifle
gr g ft/s m/s ft·lbf J gr g ft·lbf J
.338 Federal 210 14 2,630 800 3,226 4,374 47 3.0 21.71 29.43
.338 Federal 180 12 2,830 860 3,202 4,341 47 3.0 19.27 26.13
7mm Rem Mag 175 11.3 2,860 870 3,178 4,309 63 4.1 22.44 30.42
.300 Win Mag 180 12 2,960 900 3,502 4,748 73 4.7 27.12 36.77
.30-06 180 12 2,750 840 3,022 4,097 56 3.6 20.48 27.77
.308 Win 180 12 2,600 790 2,703 3,665 45 2.9 16.02 21.72
.358 Win 200 13 2,490 760 2,753 3,733 49 3.2 19.08 25.87

Rifles[edit]

Sako,[2] Kimber Manufacturing,[3] Tikka, and Ruger[4] offered bolt action rifles. ArmaLite,[5] JP Enterprises,[6] LMT and DPMS Panther Arms[7] offered semi-automatic rifles in .338 Federal as of November 2008.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Cartridges of the World 11th Edition, Book by Frank C. Barnes, Edited by Stan Skinner, Gun Digest Books, 2006, ISBN 0-89689-297-2 pp.75,104
  2. ^ Sako 85 website, retrieved 26 Feb 2010
  3. ^ Kimber 84M webpage, retrieved 17 Nov 2008
  4. ^ Ruger website, retrieved 17 Nov 2008
  5. ^ ArmaLite website, retrieved 21 Feb 2009
  6. ^ [1], retrieved 9 Dec 2012
  7. ^ Panther LR-338L, retrieved 17 Nov 2008

Notes[edit]

  • ^[a] Load values specify typical powder weight for this level of performance.

External links[edit]