.44 S&W American

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.44 S&W American
.44 S&W American with ruler, .45 ACP, and .44 Magnum.JPG
.44 S&W American (center) with .45 ACP (left) and .44 Magnum (Right)
Type Revolver
Place of origin USA
Production history
Produced 1869?-1940?
Specifications
Bullet diameter .434 in (11.0 mm)
Neck diameter .438 in (11.1 mm)
Base diameter .440 in (11.2 mm)
Rim diameter .506 in (12.9 mm)
Case length 0.91 in (23 mm)
Overall length 1.44 in (37 mm)
Rifling twist 1:20
Primer type large rifle
Ballistic performance
Bullet weight/type Velocity Energy
205 gr (13 g) (factory load) 682 ft/s (208 m/s) 212 ft·lbf (287 J)
218 gr (14 g) 660 ft/s (200 m/s) 196 ft·lbf (266 J)
200 gr (13 g) (max) 810 ft/s (250 m/s) 296 ft·lbf (401 J)
205 gr (13 g) (Lyman[disambiguation needed] #429478) 800 ft/s (240 m/s) 291 ft·lbf (395 J)
Source(s): Barnes & Amber 1972

The .44 S&W American (commonly called the .44 American) is an American centerfire revolver cartridge.

Used in the Smith & Wesson Model 3, it was introduced around 1869.[1] Between 1871 and 1873, the .44 Model 3 was used as the standard United States Army sidearm.[1] It was also offered in the Merwin Hulbert & Co. Army revolvers.[1]

It used an outside lubricated bullet of the same diameter as the .44 S&W Russian, with a slightly greater case neck diameter, and appeared in either Boxer and Berdan priming,[1] and both black and smokeless powder loadings.[1]

Its power resembles the .41 Long Colt,[1] .32-20 Winchester,[2] or .44-40 Winchester,[3] and it could be used to hunt small game at short range.[2]

The .44 American ceased to be commercially available around 1940. It can be handloaded by shortening and reforming .44 Special cases.[1] Original black-powder revolvers should only use black-powder loads; modern powders will generate excessive pressures.[1]

During the Gunfight at the O.K. Corral on October 26, 1881, Wyatt Earp carried an 8-inch .44 caliber 1869 American model Smith & Wesson. Earp had received the weapon as a gift from Tombstone, Arizona mayor and Tombstone Epitaph newspaper editor John Clum.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Barnes, p. 167, ".44 S&W American".
  2. ^ a b Barnes, ".32-20 Winchester", p. 46.
  3. ^ Barnes, ".44-40 Winchester", p. 61.
  4. ^ Shillingberg, William B. (Summer 1976). "Wyatt Earp and the Buntline Special Myth". Kansas Historical Quarterly 42 (2): 113–154. 

Sources[edit]

  • Barnes, Frank C., ed. by John T. Amber. ".44 S&W American", in Cartridges of the World, pp. 167 & 177. Northfield, IL: DBI Books, 1972. ISBN 0-695-80326-3.
  • Barnes, Frank C., ed. by John T. Amber. ".32-20 Winchester" in Cartridges of the World, p. 46. Northfield, IL: DBI Books, 1972. ISBN 0-695-80326-3.
  • Barnes, Frank C., ed. by John T. Amber. ".44-40 Winchester" in Cartridges of the World, p. 61. Northfield, IL: DBI Books, 1972. ISBN 0-695-80326-3.