|TLD type||Country code top-level domain|
|Intended use||Entities connected with Germany|
|Actual use||Very popular in Germany|
|Registered domains||15,090,458 (June 2012)|
|Registration restrictions||Must have administrative contact resident in Germany|
|Structure||May register at second level|
.de is the country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for the Federal Republic of Germany. DENIC (the Network Information Centre responsible for .de domains) does not require specific second-level domains, as it is the case with the .uk domain range which require .co.uk domain for example.
.de is currently the most popular ccTLD in terms of number of registrations with .uk being the second most popular ccTLD and .nl being third. It is second after .com among all TLDs. The first point of registration for .de domains was at the Department of Computer Science of the University of Dortmund. uni-dortmund.de was among the first registered .de-domains.
Previously, domain names had to be at least three letters long. There were a few two-letter domains registered before the rule was put in place: db.de (Deutsche Bahn), ix.de (the German computing magazine iX), and hq.de. A fourth domain, bb.de (Bilfinger Berger), was later deregistered. As of 23 October 2009, DENIC allowed the registration of single- and two-letter domains as well as number-only domains.
In many of the Romance languages, e.g., Spanish, French, Romanian and Portuguese, "de" expresses the genitive of a noun (like "of" in English). This is exploited in domain registrations under the German TLD for romance language webhosts that offer customized sites, like elforo.de (theforum.of), encoding the site name into the URL path, such as elforo.de/wikipedia, meaning theforum.of/Wikipedia. "de" is also a common romanization of the Japanese word for "by" (で), so there is potential for sites to exploit this ("bus.de/ryoko" being travel by bus), but this has not been widely adopted.