007 (Shanty Town)

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"007 (song)" redirects here. For the secondary James Bond theme, see James Bond music#"007 Theme".
"007 (Shanty Town)"
Single by Desmond Dekker and the Aces
A-side "007 (Shanty Town)"
B-side "El Torro" (Roland Alphonso)
Released 1967 (1967)
Format 7-inch single
Genre Rocksteady
Label Pyramid
Writer(s) Desmond Dekker
Producer(s) Leslie Kong
Desmond Dekker and the Aces singles chronology
"Wise Man"
(1967)
"007 (Shanty Town)"
(1967)
"It's a Shame"
(1967)

"007 (Shanty Town)" is a 1967 rocksteady song by Jamaican band Desmond Dekker and the Aces, released as a single from their debut album of the same name. It was also a hit for Musical Youth in 1983. "007 (Shanty Town)" has been called "the most enduring and archetypal" rude boy song. Its title and lyrics refer to the cool imagery of films such as the James Bond series and Ocean's 11, admired by "rudies."[1]

Desmond Dekker version[edit]

The original recording of "007 (Shanty Town)" was produced by Leslie Kong and originally released as a single on the Pyramid label.[2] The single featured Roland Alphonso's "El Torro" on the B-side.[2]

Dekker wrote the song after watching news coverage of a student demonstration against government plans to build an industrial complex on land close to the beach, which descended into violence.[3] In Dekker's words:

"The students had a demonstration and it went all the way around to Four Shore Road and down to Shanty Town. You got wildlife and thing like that because it down near the beach. And the higher ones wanted to bulldoze the whole thing down and do their own thing and the students said no way. And it just get out of control...Is just a typical riot 'cause I say - Them a loot, them a shoot, them a wail."[4]

The song also deals with a 'rude boy' who after being released from prison continues to commit crime.[5] Despite its cautionary sentiment, it cemented Dekker's popularity among rude boys in Jamaica,[2][6] in contrast to Dekker's earlier music, which espoused traditional morals such as filial piety and the importance of education.[7]

"007" was Dekker's first international hit.[8] The single was a number one hit in Jamaica and reached number 14 on the UK Singles Chart, making it the first Jamaican-produced record to reach the UK top 20.[9][10] Enthnomusicologist Michael Veal identifies "007 (Shanty Town)" as one of the songs that demonstrated the viability of Jamaican music in England.[11]

Dekker recorded the song again for his 1980 album Black and Dekker.

Cover versions[edit]

Notable groups who have covered "007 (Shanty Town)" include:

Other uses[edit]

The song has been sampled by Special Ed ("I'm the Magnificent") and Shaggy ("Bonafide Girl"). The rhythm had been featured by Anthony B in 2008 on The Pow Pow Trilogy, ("Time For The Love").

"007 (Shanty Town)" was included in the soundtrack of the film The Harder They Come,[13] and in the Grand Theft Auto IV soundtrack from the Episodes from Liberty City add-on.

The "007" rhythm was revived in 2007 for a series of releases on Beverley's Records, forming the basis of singles from Joseph Cotton ("Ship Sail"), Mike Brooks ("Blam Blam Blam"), The Blackstones ("Out a Road"), and Dennis Alcapone ("D.J. Roll Call").

References[edit]

  1. ^ Barrow, Steve; Dalton, Peter (2004). The Rough Guide to Reggae (3rd ed.). London: Rough Guides. p. 61. ISBN 1843533294. 
  2. ^ a b c Thompson, Dave (2002). Reggae & Caribbean Music. Backbeat Books. p. 374. ISBN 0-87930-655-6. 
  3. ^ Masouri, John (2010). Wailing Blues: The Story of Bob Marley's Wailers. Omnibus Press. ISBN 978-1847727060. 
  4. ^ O'Brien Chang, Kevin & Chen, Wayne (1998) Reggae Routes, ISBN 976-8100-67-2, pp. 102-3
  5. ^ King, Stephen A (2002). Reggae, Rastafari, and the Rhetoric of Social Control. University Press of Mississippi. p. 38. ISBN 978-1604730036. 
  6. ^ Apter, Jeff (2007) A Simple Kind of Life: Gwen Stefani and No Doubt, Wise, ISBN 978-1846094811, p. 8
  7. ^ Barrow, Steve; Dalton, Peter (2004). The Rough Guide to Reggae (3rd ed.). London: Rough Guides. p. 34. ISBN 1843533294. 
  8. ^ Salewicz, Chris; Boot, Adrian (2001). Reggae Explosion: The Story of Jamaican Music. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc. p. 52. ISBN 0810937891. 
  9. ^ "Dekker Finds Genesis In 'Exodus'", Jamaica Gleaner, 25 November 2012. Retrieved 7 December 2012
  10. ^ "Desmond Dekker & the Aces". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 7 December 2012. 
  11. ^ Veal, Michael E. (2007). Dub: Soundscapes and Shattered Songs in Jamaican Reggae. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press. p. 221. ISBN 0819565725. 
  12. ^ "Musical Youth". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 7 December 2012. 
  13. ^ Campbell, Howard (2012) "Soundtrack for the ages: 40 Years of Harder They Come", Jamaica Observer, 13 November 2012. Retrieved 7 December 2012

External links[edit]