Pentafluoropropane

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Pentafluoropropane
Pentafluoropropane skeletal.svg
Pentafluoropropane.svg
Identifiers
CAS number 460-73-1 [1]
PubChem 68030
ChemSpider 61345
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula C3H3F5
Molar mass 134.05 g mol−1
Appearance colorless gas
Density 1404.1 kg/m3 (liquid at 1 bar, 0°C)
5.84 kg/m3 (vapor at 1 bar, 15°C) [2]
Boiling point 15.3 °C (59.5 °F; 288.4 K)
Solubility in water 7.18 g/l [3]
log P 1.68
Hazards
Main hazards Simple Asphyxiant
Flash point −24.963 °C (−12.933 °F; 248.187 K)
Autoignition temperature 412°C[3]
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
Infobox references

1,1,1,3,3-Pentafluoropropane (HFC-245fa) is a hydrofluorocarbon used primarily for closed-cell spray foam insulation produced by Honeywell and in Asia by Sinochem.[4] Honeywell markets HFC-245fa under the Enovate and Genetron 245fa brand names. HFC-245fa is also known as pentafluoropropane and by its chemical name 1,1,1,3,3,-pentafluoropropane. Unlike CFC and HCFC blowing agents formerly used for this purpose, it has no ozone depletion potential and is nearly non-toxic. Although it is intended to remain trapped within the foam insulation, it is practically non biodegradable with a lifetime of 7.2 years when it eventually does escape into the atmosphere.[5] It does have a high global warming potential of 950 (950 times the global warming effect of CO
2
).[6][7] Honeywell refers to this as "acceptable" in their literature, but they don't include the actual number.

AlliedSignal, who adopted the Honeywell name after acquiring it, decided in 1999 to provide a non ozone depleting blowing agent as an alternative for dichlorofluoroethane (HCFC-141b) and trichlorofluoromethane (CFC-11). Competitors Atofina and General Electric pursued strategies using other agents. One of the disadvantages of R-245fa is its cost. In 2000 R-141b cost one US dollar per pound, whereas R-245fa cost $2.50 to $4.00 per pound.[8] As of 2007, and prior to Sinochem's production it was already a high volume production chemical, with over 1 million pounds produced annually.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1,1,1,3,3-pentafluoropropane - CAS # 460-73-1, Columbia Analytical Services, retrieved May 2012 
  2. ^ Isobaric Properties for 1,1,1,3,3-Pentafluoropropane (R245fa), National Institute of Standards and Technology, retrieved May 2012 
  3. ^ a b Genetron 245fa Material Safety Data Sheet, Honeywell, September 2000, MSDS Number: GTRN-0040, retrieved May 29, 2012 
  4. ^ Sinochem and Honeywell Announce Formation of Joint Venture in China, Sinochem Group, October 10, 2011 
  5. ^ a b HFC-245fa- Product Stewardship Summary, Honeywell, December 2007, retrieved May 13, 2012 
  6. ^ Other Gases: Hydrofluorocarbons, Perfluorocarbons, and Sulfur Hexafluoride, U.S. Energy Information Administration, retrieved May 13, 2012 
  7. ^ JACC 044 : 1,1,1,3,3-pentafluoropropane (HFC-245fa) (CAS No. 460-73-1), European Centre for Ecotoxicology, June 2004, retrieved May 13, 2012 
  8. ^ McCoy, Michael (October 30, 2000), "Regulatory Issues Heat Up For Blowing Agents", Chemical and Engineering News Online 78 (44): 22–23, ISSN 0009-2347 

External links[edit]