|Jmol-3D images||Image 1
|Melting point||23-25 °C|
|Boiling point||203 °C (397 °F; 476 K)|
|Solubility in water||very soluble|
|Related compounds||1,2,4-triazole imidazole|
|Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)|
|(what is: / ?)|
1,2,3-Triazole is one of a pair of isomeric chemical compounds with molecular formula C2H3N3, called triazoles, which have a five-membered ring of two carbon atoms and three nitrogen atoms. 1,2,3-Triazole is a basic aromatic heterocycle.
It is a surprisingly stable structure compared to other organic compounds with three adjacent nitrogen atoms. However, flash vacuum pyrolysis at 500 °C leads to loss of molecular nitrogen (N2) to produce aziridine. Certain triazoles are relatively easy to cleave due to so-called ring-chain tautomerism. One manifestation is found in the Dimroth rearrangement.
1,2,3-Triazole finds use in research as a building block for more complex chemical compounds, including pharmaceutical drugs such as tazobactam.
- Heterocyclic chemistry T.L. Gilchrist ISBN 0-582-01421-2