|Jmol-3D images||Image 1|
|Molar mass||94.20 g mol−1|
|Melting point||−41 °C (−42 °F; 232 K)|
|Boiling point||146 °C (295 °F; 419 K) 46 mmHg|
|Solubility in water||Slightly sol|
|Solubility in other solvents||Good solubility in
most organic solvents
|Refractive index (nD)||1.5589 (D-line, 25 °C)|
|EU classification||Toxic (T)|
|Flash point||50 °C (122 °F; 323 K)|
|Related thiols||Ethanethiol; 1,3-Propanedithiol; 1,2-Benzenedithiol; Thiophenol|
|Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)|
|(what is: / ?)|
1,2-Ethanedithiol is a colorless liquid with the formula C2H4(SH)2. It has a very characteristic odor which is compared by many people to rotten cabbage. It is a common building block in organic synthesis and an excellent ligand for metal ions.
1,2-Ethanedithiol is prepared commercially by the reaction of 1,2-dichloroethane with aqueous sodium bisulfide. In the laboratory, it can also be prepared by the action of 1,2-dibromoethane on thiourea followed by hydrolysis.
- C2H4(SH)2 + RR'CO → C2H4S2CRR' + H2O
Other 1,2- and 1,3-dithiols undergo this reaction to give related 1,3-dithiolanes and 1,3-dithianes (six-membered rings). Diols such as ethylene glycol undergo analogous reactions to 1,3-dioxalanes and 1,3-dioxanes. One distinguishing feature of the dithiolanes and dithianes derived from aldehydes is that the methyne group can be deprotonated and the resulting carbanion alkylated.