|Jmol-3D images||Image 1|
|Molar mass||75.11 g mol−1|
|Density||0.973 g/mL (18 °C) |
|Melting point||1.74 °C (35.13 °F; 274.89 K)|
|Boiling point||159.46 °C (319.03 °F; 432.61 K)|
|Solubility in water||soluble|
|Solubility||soluble in alcohol, ether, acetone, benzene, CCl4|
|Refractive index (nD)||1.4479|
|Flash point||77 °C (171 °F; 350 K)|
|LD50||4.26 g/kg (rat, oral)|
|Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)|
|(what is: / ?)|
1-Amino-2-propanol (isopropanolamine) is a chemical compound with the formula C3H9NO. It is an amino alcohol. The term "isopropanolamine" may also refer more generally to the additional homologs diisopropanolamine (DIPA) and triisopropanolamine (TIPA).
The isopropanolamines are basic chemicals that can be used in many applications to achieve basicity, buffering and alkalinity objectives. They are good solubilizers of oil and fat, so they are used to neutralize fatty acids and sulfonic acid-based surfactants.
1-Amino-2-propanol is an intermediate in the synthesis of a variety of pharmaceutical drugs and is the very basic building block of the opioid methadone.