1. FC Nürnberg

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1. FC Nürnberg
logo
Full name 1. Fußball-Club Nürnberg Verein für Leibesübungen e. V.
Nickname(s) Der Club (The Club)
Die Legende (The Legend)
Der Altmeister (The Old Master)
Der Ruhmreiche (The Glorious)
Founded 4 May 1900; 114 years ago (4 May 1900)
Ground Stadion Nürnberg
Ground Capacity 50,000
Chairman Martin Bader
Ralf Woy
Manager Valérien Ismaël
League 2. Bundesliga
2013–14 Bundesliga 17th (Relegated)
Website Club home page
Current season

1. Fußball-Club Nürnberg Verein für Leibesübungen e. V., often called 1. FC Nürnberg (German pronunciation: [ʔɛf ˈt͡seː ˈnʏʁnbɛʁk]) or simply Nürnberg, is a German association football club in Nuremberg, Bavaria. It was founded on 4 May 1900 by a group of eighteen young men who had gathered at the local pub called the "Burenhütte" to assemble a side committed to playing football rather than rugby, one of the other new "English" games becoming popular at the time. Today's club offers its members boxing, handball, hockey, rollerblading and ice skating, swimming, skiing, and tennis. After a difficult 2013–14 campaign, they could not avoid relegation from the first division Bundesliga.

1. FCN have been relegated from the German football league system top tier Bundesliga on eight occasions – beating the record earlier set by Arminia Bielefeld.[1]

History[edit]

Rise of "Der Club"[edit]

Team from 1902
First match against FC Bayern Munich 1901

By 1909 the team was playing well enough to lay claim to the South German championship. After World War I, Nürnberg would gradually turn their success into dominance of the country's football. In the period from July 1918 to February 1922 the team would go unbeaten in 104 official matches. As early as 1919 they came to be referred to simply as "Der Club" in recognition of their skill and of their style on and off the field, and would go on to become one of the nation's most widely recognized and popular teams.

Nürnberg faced SpVgg Fürth in the first national championship held after the end of World War I and beat the defending champions 2:0. That would be the first of five titles Der Club would capture over the course of eight years. In each of those wins they would shutout their opponents.

The 1922 final was contested by Nürnberg and Hamburger SV but never reached a conclusion on the pitch. The match was called on account of darkness after three hours and ten minutes of play, drawn at 2–2. The re-match also went into extra time, and in an era that did not allow for substitutions, that game was called at 1–1 when Nürnberg was reduced to just seven players and the referee ruled incorrectly they could not continue. Considerable wrangling ensued over the decision. The DFB (Deutscher Fußball Bund or German Football Association) awarded the win to Hamburg, under the condition that they renounce the title in the name of "good sportsmanship" – which they grudgingly did. Ultimately, the Viktoria trophy was not officially presented that year.

After the Glory years[edit]

1. FCN's dominance was already being to fade when they captured their final trophy of the era in 1927 as the game began to evolve into a more quickly paced contest which did not suit their slower, more deliberate approach. While they continued to field strong sides, other clubs rose to the forefront of German football. In 1934, they lost in the final to FC Schalke 04 a club that would go on to become the strongest side in the era of football under the Third Reich. Nürnberg would capture national titles just before and after World War II in 1936 and 1948 in the first post-war national final, and would also take the Tschammerpokal, the forerunner of today's German Cup, in 1935 and 1939.

Into the Modern Era[edit]

The post-war period began with the Club being integrated in the Oberliga Süd, one of the five top divisions in West-Germany at the time. Nürnberg managed to win this league six times until 1963, winning the national championship in 1948. In 1961, 1. FCN captured their eighth national title and appeared in a losing effort in the following year's final. Some consolation was to be had in the team capturing its second German Cup in 1962. Their strong play made them an obvious choice to be amongst the sixteen teams selected to the Bundesliga, Germany's new professional football league, formed in 1963. Der Club played as a mid-table side through the league's early years until putting on a dominating performance in 1968 in which they sat atop the league table from the fifth week of play on to the end of the season on their way to their first Bundesliga title. They went on to become the first club to be relegated from the Bundesliga as the reigning champions.[1] This was a result of Max Merkel's decision to remove his championship winning team of veterans, believing that they were too old, in favour of a dozen newcomers.

It would take the club nine years to recover and return from an exile in the second tier, first the Regionalliga Süd, then the 2. Bundesliga Süd, that included several failed efforts in the promotion rounds. 1. FCN returned to the Bundesliga for a year in 1978, but played to a 17th place finish and were relegated again. They immediately played their way back to the top flight, but since then their Bundesliga performances have been stumbling ones, characterized by finishes well down the league table and occasional relegation for a season or two. Their best recent result was a fifth place finish in 1988.

The early 1980s also saw the rise of a longstanding and intense friendship between the fans of Nürnberg and those of former arch rival FC Schalke 04. Fans accompany each other's on their respective away games, and the two season matches between the teams are generally a very laid-back and hospitable affair for all fans involved.

In the mid-1990s, Nürnberg had financial problems that led to their being penalized 6 points in the 1995–96 season while playing in the 2. Bundesliga. The club was relegated to the third division as a consequence. Improved management saw the club clawing back and return to the top flight eventually.

However, in 1999, FCN suffered what was arguably the worst meltdown in Bundesliga history. Going into the last game of the season, they were in 12th place, three points and five goals ahead of Eintracht Frankfurt who were sitting in 16th place and seemingly headed to relegation. Nürnberg was closing out the season with what looked to be an easy home game against SC Freiburg who were also facing relegation. Frankfurt was up against 1. FC Kaiserslautern, last season's champions who were in a fight for a UEFA Champions League spot. Therefore FCN had already begun soliciting season tickets for next Bundesliga season in a letter to current season ticket holders within celebrating successfully avoiding relegation.

The stage was set for an improbable outcome. Nürnberg lost 1–2 with Frank Baumann missing a chance to score in the last minute. Every other FCN rival won, including Frankfurt, who whipped FCK 5–1 with three late tallies – this put them ahead on goals scored and sent FCN crashing to 16th place and into a shock relegation.[2] FCN was not relegated because they had fewer points than Frankfurt, nor because of a lower goal differential, but on the third tie-breaker – fewer goals scored.

Former Coach Dieter Hecking

1. FCN rebounded and played in the Bundesliga but still found themselves flirting with relegation from season to season. However, they had comfortably avoided relegation in the 2005–06 season finishing eighth in the Bundesliga. After several years of consolidation, Nürnberg seemed back as a force to reckon with in Bundesliga football. Manager Martin Bader's professional and sometimes even spectacular work till spring 2007 (the signing of former Ajax Amsterdam captain and Czech international Tomáš Galásek, for example, was greeted with enthusiasm), as well head coach Hans Meyer's tactically modern understanding of football, helped Nürnberg to its most successful time in almost 40 years. In May 2007 the cut for the UEFA Cup was sure and after the triumph over Eintracht Frankfurt in the DFB-Pokal the Club was in the final of that tournament for the first time since 1982. On 26 May the Club won this final against VfB Stuttgart in overtime 3–2, winning the DFB.Pokal again 45 years after the last victory. However in the first round of 2007–08 the team could convince no more in Bundesliga. As the team had ended up second in UEFA_Cup_2007–08#Group_A in front of later champion Zenit St. Petersburg after defeating Rapid Bucureşti in UEFA_Cup_2007–08#First_round head coach Hans Meyer was allowed to restructure the team, e.g. buying Jan Koller. In the consequence of no improvement Meyer was replaced by Thomas von Heesen after two legs in second round. The latter one didn't do much better and so FCN was relegated after finishing 16th after losing a 2–0 home match against FC Schalke 04 on the final day. After not meeting the expectations of dominating the 2. Bundesliga von Heesen resigned in August and was replaced by his assistant coach Michael Oenning. After a slow start Oenning was able to guide Nürnberg to a third place finish and a playoff with 16th place Energie Cottbus. Nürnberg won the playoff 5–0 on aggregate and plays in the 1st Bundesliga since 2009. However they demoted again after the 2013-2014 season after finishing at 17th with a last game loss to FC Schalke 04.

Rivals[edit]

The SpVgg Greuther Fürth is 1. FCN's longest standing local rival. Their rivalry goes back to the early days of German football when, at times, those two clubs dominated the national championship. The clubs have played 253 matches against each other, the most in German professional football. In 1921 the German national team consisted only of players from Nürnberg and Fürth for a match against the Netherlands in Amsterdam. The players travelled in the same train, but with the Nürnberg players in a carriage at the front of the train and those from Fürth in a carriage at the rear, whilst the team manager Georg B. Blaschke sat in the middle. A Fürth player scored the first goal of the match, but was only congratulated by Fürth players. Allegedly Hans Sutor, a former SpVgg Fürth player, was forced to leave the team when he married a woman from Nuremberg. He was signed by 1. FC Nürnberg, and was in the team that won three national championships.[3] Both clubs played together in the Bundesliga in 2012–13.

Games against FC Bayern Munich are usually the biggest events of the season, as the two clubs are the most successful in Bavaria and Germany overall.

Reserve team[edit]

Main article: 1. FC Nürnberg II

The 1. FC Nürnberg II (or 1. FC Nürnberg Amateure) qualified for the Regionalliga Süd on the strength of a third place in the Oberliga Bayern (IV) in 2007–08. The team had been playing in the Oberliga since 1998, finishing runners-up three times in those years. When not playing in the Oberliga, the team used to belong to the Landesliga Bayern-Mitte.

League results[edit]

Recent seasons[edit]

The recent season-by-season performance of the club:[4][5]

Season Division Tier Position
1995–96 2. Bundesliga II 17th ↓
1996–97 Regionalliga Süd III 1st ↑
1997–98 2. Bundesliga II 3rd ↑
1998–99 Bundesliga I 16th ↓
1999–00 2. Bundesliga II 4th
2000–01 2. Bundesliga 1st ↑
2001–02 Bundesliga I 15th
2002–03 Bundesliga 17th ↓
2003–04 2. Bundesliga II 1st ↑
2004–05 Bundesliga I 14th
2005–06 Bundesliga 8th
2006–07 Bundesliga 6th
2007–08 Bundesliga 16th ↓
2008–09 2. Bundesliga II 3rd ↑
2009–10 Bundesliga I 16th
2010–11 Bundesliga 6th
2011–12 Bundesliga 10th
2012–13 Bundesliga 10th
2013–14 Bundesliga 17th ↓

All time[edit]


Green denotes the highest level of football in Germany; yellow the second highest; red the third highest.

Honours[edit]

Der Club boasted the title of Deutscher Rekordmeister as holder of the most championships for over sixty years (although occasionally having to share the honour with Schalke) before being overtaken by Bayern Munich in 1987.

Germany honours its Bundesliga champions by allowing them to display the gold stars of the "Verdiente Meistervereine" – one star for three titles, two stars for five, and three stars for ten. However, currently only titles earned since 1963 in the Bundesliga are officially recognized. Despite winning the national title nine times, Nürnberg – the country's second most successful side – is not entitled to sport any championship stars.

National[edit]

International[edit]

Youth[edit]

  • German Under 19 champions
    • Winners: 1974
    • Runners-up: 1979, 1986, 1989
  • German Under 17 championship
    • Runners-up: 1987
  • German Under 19 Cup
    • Winners: 1987, 1988, 1993
  • Southern German Under 19 championship
    • Winners: 1956, 1958, 1960, 1964, 1965, 1971
  • Under 17 Bundesliga South/Southwest
    • Champions: 2012
  • Bavarian Under 19 championship
    • Winners: 1946, 1956, 1958, 1960–62, 1964, 1965, 1967–71, 1974–77, 1979, 1980, 1984, 1986, 1989, 1999, 2002, 2009, 2014
    • Runners-up: 1950, 1959, 1963, 1972, 1973, 1978, 1981–83, 1985, 1987, 1988, 1990–94, 1996, 2000, 2008
  • Bavarian Under 17 championship
    • Winners: 1977, 1982, 1987, 1990–92, 1996, 1999
    • Runners-up: 1975, 1980, 1983, 1986, 1988, 1989, 1993, 2000, 2011, 2014
  • Bavarian Under 15 championship
    • Winners: 1976, 1981, 1983, 1984, 1986, 1988, 1989, 1992, 1993, 2001, 2002, 2005, 2006, 2008
    • Runners-up: 1980, 1982, 1987, 1995, 1996, 1999, 2000, 2007, 2009

Stadium[edit]

For more details on this topic, see Frankenstadion.
Frankenstadion August 2006

"Der Club" plays in the communally owned Frankenstadion (known as the Städtisches Stadion until 1990). It has been the club's home since 1963,[6] and currently has a capacity of 50,000 spectators following the stadium's most recent expansion during the winter break of the 2009–10 season.[7] The club previously played its matches at the Zabo (an abbreviation of Zerzabelshof, the district in which the ground was located).

The stadium was built in 1928 and was known as Stadion der Hitler-Jugend from 1933 to 1945. Originally having a capacity of 40,000 spectators, it was expanded in 1965 to hold 65,000 and subsequently hosted the 1967 final between FC Bayern Munich and Rangers, won 1–0 by the German side. The facility was refurbished for the 1974 World Cup and another recently completed renovation allowed it to seat 45,000 for four preliminary round matches and one Round of 16 contest of the FIFA World Cup 2006.

The Frankenstadion since 2012 bears the commercial name "Grundig Stadion" under an arrangement with a local company. The majority of the fans was in favour of renaming it after club legend Max Morlock.

The club is currently discussing the possibility of building a new stadium, which is to be completed by 2020. A feasibility study has been commissioned and contact has already been made with potential partners.[8] A new stadium is to be made a pure football stadium. It will be built on the site of Frankenstadion and hold a capacity of 50,000 spectators.[9] However, the club has not yet announced any official plans for a new stadium.

Current squad[edit]

For recent transfers, see List of German football transfers summer 2014 and List of German football transfers winter 2013–14.

First-team squad[edit]

As of 2 September 2014[10]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Germany GK Raphael Schäfer
3 Norway DF Even Hovland
4 Netherlands DF Dave Bulthuis
5 Germany MF Jürgen Mössmer
7 Germany MF Danny Blum
8 Czech Republic MF Jan Polák (captain)
10 Germany MF Timo Gebhart
11 Slovakia FW Jakub Sylvestr
15 Germany MF Robert Koch
16 Germany MF Niklas Stark
18 Germany MF Willi Evseev
19 Germany MF Mike Ott
20 Turkey DF Özgür Özdemir
No. Position Player
22 Germany GK Patrick Rakovsky
23 Portugal MF Daniel Candeias (on loan from Benfica)
24 Germany FW Niclas Füllkrug
25 Argentina DF Javier Pinola
26 Czech Republic DF Ondřej Čelůstka
27 Germany MF Markus Mendler
28 Austria MF Alessandro Schöpf
29 Ecuador DF Cristian Ramírez (on loan from Düsseldorf)
31 Czech Republic MF Ondřej Petrák
32 Austria GK Samuel Radlinger (on loan from Hannover)
33 Germany DF Tobias Pachonik
34 Germany FW Peniel Mlapa (on loan from M'gladbach)
38 Germany DF Manuel Bihr

Out on loan[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
17 Croatia FW Antonio Čolak (at Lechia Gdańsk)
21 Poland FW Mariusz Stępiński (at Wisła Kraków)
No. Position Player
32 Germany FW Benjamin Uphoff (at VfB Stuttgart)
 

1. FC Nürnberg II squad[edit]

Further information: 1. FC Nürnberg II

Staff[edit]

Manager France Valérien Ismaël
Assistant manager Slovakia Marek Mintál
Goalkeeping coach Poland Adam Matysek
Fitness coach Germany Markus Zidek
Youth coach Germany Dieter Nüssing Germany Rainer Zietsch
Chief scout Germany Christian Möckel
Team manager Serbia Boban Pribanovic
Physiotherapist Germany Günter Jonczyk Germany Sven Brechetsbauer Germany Sascha Rurainski

Famous players and coaches[edit]

Players[edit]

Greatest ever team[edit]

Supporters voted Andreas Köpke (pictured) as the club's greatest ever goalkeeper.

In the summer of 2010, as part of the club's celebration of its 110th anniversary, Nürnberg fans voted for the best players in the club's history. The players who received the most votes in each position were named in the club's greatest ever team.[11]

Reserves: Hans Kalb, Stefan Kießling, Horst Leupold, Dieter Nüssing, Marc Oechler, Luitpold Popp, Raphael Schäfer, Heinz Strehl, Heinrich Stuhlfauth, Horst Weyerich, Sergio Zárate

Coaches[edit]

Outstanding coaches of the earlier years were Izidor "Dori" Kürschner (1921, 1922), Fred Spiksley (1913, 1920s), former player Alfred Schaffer (1930s), Dr. Karl Michalke (1930s), Alwin "Alv" Riemke (1940s–1950s) and former player Hans "Bumbes" Schmidt (1940s, 1950s), who notably did not win a single of his four German Championship titles as coach with Nürnberg, but three of them with the long standing main rivals FC Schalke 04. He was also four times champion as player, thereof three times with the Club, and once with the earlier arch rival SpVgg Fürth.

Managerial history (Bundesliga era)[edit]

Former Chairmen[edit]

  • 1900–1904 Christoph Heinz
  • 1904–1910 Ferdinand Küspert
  • 1910–1912 Christoph Heinz
  • 1912–1914 Leopold Neuburger
  • 1915–1917 Ferdinand Küspert
  • 1917–1919 Konrad Gerstacker
  • 1919–1921 Leopold Neuburger
  • 1921–1923 Ludwig Bäumler
  • 1923 Eduard Kartini
  • 1923–1925 Max Oberst
  • 1926–1930 Hans Schregle
  • 1930–1935 Ludwig Franz
  • 1935–1945 Karl Müller
  • 1945–1946 Hans Hofmann
  • 1946–1947 Hans Schregle
  • 1947–1948 Hans Hofmann
  • 1948–1963 Ludwig Franz
  • 1963–1964 Karl Müller
  • 1964–1971 Walter Luther
  • 1971–1977 Hans Ehrt
  • 1977–1978 Lothar Schmechtig
  • 1978–1979 Waldemar Zeitelhack
  • 1979–1983 Michael A. Roth
  • 1983–1991 Gerd Schmelzer
  • 1991–1992 Sven Oberhof
  • 1992–1994 Gerhard Voack
  • 1994 Georg Haas
  • 1994–2009 Michael A. Roth
  • 2009–2010 Franz Schäfer

Further reading[edit]

  • Matthias Hunger: Im Bann der Legende. Verlag Schmidt, Neustadt 2010, ISBN 978-3-87707-799-3 (German)
  • Christoph Bausenwein, Harald Kaiser, Bernd Siegler: Legenden: Die besten Club-Spieler aller Zeiten. Verlag Die Werkstatt, Göttingen 2010, ISBN 978-3-89533-722-2 (German)
  • Jon Goulding: For Better or for Wurst. Vanguard Press, 2009, ISBN 978-1843865513 (English)
  • Christoph Bausenwein, Harald Kaiser, Bernd Siegler: Die Legende vom Club. Die Geschichte des 1. FC Nürnberg. Verlag Die Werkstatt, Göttingen 2006, ISBN 3-89533-536-3 (German)
  • Christoph Bausenwein, Bernd Siegler, Herbert Liedel: Franken am Ball. Geschichte und Geschichten eines Fußballjahrhunderts. Echter Verlag, Würzburg 2003, ISBN 3-429-02462-5 (German)
  • Christoph Bausenwein, Bernd Siegler: Das Club-Lexikon. Verlag Die Werkstatt, Göttingen 2003, ISBN 3-89533-376-X (German)
  • Christoph Bausenwein, Harald Kaiser, Herbert Liedel: 1. FCN, Der Club, 100 Jahre Fussball. Tümmels, Nürnberg 1999, ISBN 3-921590-70-1 (German)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Nürnberg struggling to stay in the Bundesliga club". Guardian. 12 May 2008. Retrieved 18 September 2010. 
  2. ^ "Nuremberg are Relegated". New Straits Times. 31 May 1999. Retrieved 18 September 2010. 
  3. ^ http://www.greuther-fuerth.de/v3/chronik/derby.php
  4. ^ Das deutsche Fußball-Archiv (German) Historical German domestic league tables
  5. ^ Fussball.de – Ergebnisse (German) Tables and results of all German football leagues
  6. ^ "From "Municipal Stadium" to the easyCredit Stadium". Retrieved 18 September 2010. 
  7. ^ "Nürnbergs neue Nordkurve ist fertig" (in German). 19 January 2010. Retrieved 18 September 2010. 
  8. ^ http://www.stadionwelt.de/sw_stadien/index.php?head=Club-Neues-Stadion-bis-2020&folder=sites&site=news_detail&news_id=9298
  9. ^ http://www.nordbayern.de/nuernberger-nachrichten/nuernberg/club-will-2015-plane-fur-neue-arena-vorlegen-1.1596727
  10. ^ "Spielerübersicht – 1. FC Nürnberg". Fcn.de. Retrieved 20 April 2014. 
  11. ^ "Club ehrt Jahrhundert(+10)elf" (in German). 23 July 2010. Archived from the original on 2 August 2010. Retrieved 18 September 2010. 

External links[edit]