10.5 cm Feldhaubitze 98/09

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10.5 cm Feldhaubitze 98/09
Sayabec-canon.JPG
A captured F.H. 98/09 in Sayabec, Quebec
Type howitzer
Place of origin German Empire
Service history
Used by  German Empire
 Ottoman Empire
 Romania
Wars World War I
Production history
Designer Krupp
Designed 1902-04
Manufacturer Krupp
Produced 1909-1918?
Specifications
Weight 1,145 kg (2,519 lbs)
Barrel length 1.625 m (5 ft 4 in) L/15.5
Width 1.53 m (5 ft)

Shell separate loading, fixed case
Caliber 105 mm (4.13 in)
Breech horizontal sliding block
Recoil hydro-spring
Carriage box trail
Elevation -13° to +40°
Traverse
Muzzle velocity 302 m/s (990 ft/s)
Maximum firing range 6,300 m (6,890 yds)

The 10.5 cm Feldhaubitze 98/09 (10.5 cm FH 98/09), a short barreled (1625 mm) 105mm howitzer, also referred to as the 10.5 cm leichte Feldhaubitze (light field howitzer) 98/09, was used by Germany in World War I and after. It had a maximum range of 6,300 metres (20,700 ft).[1]

History[edit]

Turkish gunners in action, 1917

It was originally built by Rheinmetall as the 10.5 cm Feldhaubitze 98, an old-fashioned, fixed-recoil weapon delivered to the German army in 1898; between 1902 and 1904, it was redesigned, by Krupp, with a new recoil mechanism and a new carriage.[2] However, it wasn't accepted for service until 1909, hence the ending designation 98/09. Existing weapons were rebuilt to the new standard. As usual, two seats were attached to the gun shield. There were 1,260 in service at the beginning of World War I.[3]

Ammunition[edit]

The 10.5 cm used three different types of ammunition and the aiming instruments were marked with three different meter scales and a dial sight for both direct and indirect fire. Originally, it used 7 charges of propellant, but this was increased during the war to 8 in an effort to extend its range.[4]

  • Feldhaubitz granate 98: A 15.8 kilogram (35 lb) high-explosive shell.
  • Feldhaubitz granate 05: A 15.7 kilogram (35 lb) high-explosive shell.
  • Feldhaubitz schrapnel 98: A 12.8 kilogram (28 lb) shrapnel shell.

See also[edit]

Weapons of comparable role, performance and era[edit]

References[edit]

  • Jäger, Herbert. German Artillery of World War One. Ramsbury, Marlborough, Wiltshire: Crowood Press, 2001 ISBN 1-86126-403-8

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ 10.5 cm LIGHT FIELD HOWITZER MODEL 98/09- Retrieved 2012-02-29. Archived 2012-03-06.
  2. ^ Transformation of the 10.5 cm Feldhaubitze 98/09- Retrieved 2012-02-29. Archived 2012-03-06.
  3. ^ Jäger, p. 28
  4. ^ Ammunition- Retrieved 2012-02-29

External links[edit]