1000s (decade)

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries: 10th century11th century12th century
Decades: 970s 980s 990s1000s1010s 1020s 1030s
Years: 1000 1001 1002 1003 1004 1005 1006 1007 1008 1009
Categories: BirthsDeathsArchitecture
EstablishmentsDisestablishments

This is a list of events occurring in the 1000s, ordered by year.

1000[edit]

Muslim world[edit]

The Islamic World was in its Golden Age; still organised in Caliphates, it was still dominated by the Abbasid Caliphate, with the Caliphate of Córdoba to the west, and ongoing campaigns in in Africa and in India. Persia was a period of instability, with various polities seceding from Abassid rule, among whom the Ghaznavids would emerge as the most powerful.

The Islamic world was reaching the peak of its historical scientific achievements. Important scholars and scientists who flourished in the year 1000 include Ibn al-Haytham (Alhacen), Abu Rayhan al-Biruni, Avicenna, Abu al-Qasim (Abulcasis), Ibn Yunus (publishes his astronomical treatise Al-Zij al-Hakimi al-Kabir in Cairo in c. 1000), Abu Sahl al-Quhi (Kuhi), Abu-Mahmud al-Khujandi, Abu Nasr Mansur, Abu al-Wafa, Ahmad ibn Fadlan, Al-Muqaddasi, Ali Ibn Isa, and al-Karaji (al-Karkhi). Ibn al-Haytham (Book of Optics), Avicenna, Abu Rayhan al-Biruni, and Abu al-Qasim (Al-Tasrif), who all flourished around the year 1000, are considered to be among the greatest scientists of the Middle Ages altogether.[citation needed]

The Turkic migration by this time had reached Eastern Europe, and most of the Turkic tribes (Khazars, Bulghars, Pechenegs etc.) had been Islamized.

Christendom[edit]

Europe in 1000

In continental Europe, the Holy Roman Empire established itself as the most powerful state. Otto III made a pilgrimage from Rome to Aachen and Gniezno (Gnesen), stopping at Regensburg, Meissen, Magdeburg, and Gniezno. The Congress of Gniezno (with Bolesław I Chrobry) was part of his pilgrimage. In Rome, he built the basilica of San Bartolomeo all'Isola, to host the relics of St. Bartholomew.

In France, Robert II, the son of Hugh Capet, was the first of the Capetian kings.

The Byzantine Empire under the Macedonian dynasty was sorely pressed by the ongoing Muslim conquests, losing many of its eastern territories in the Byzantine–Arab wars (780–1180). At the same time, Byzantium was instrumental in the Christianization of the Kievan Rus' and of other medieval Slavic states.

In Great Britain, a unified kingdom of England had developed out of the various Anglo-Saxon kingdoms. In Scandinavia, Christianization was in its early stages, with the Althingi of the Icelandic Commonwealth embracing Christianity in the year 1000.

On September 9, King Olaf Tryggvason was defeated by an alliance of his enemies in the Battle of Svolder. Sweyn I established Danish control over part of Norway. Oslo, Norway, was founded (the exact year is debatable, but the 1,000 year anniversary was held in the year 2000).

The papacy during this time was in a period of decline, in retrospect known as the saeculum obscurum ("Dark Age") or "pornocracy" ("rule of harlots"), a state of affairs that would result in the Great Schism later in the 11th century.

Hungary was established in 1000 as a Christian state. In the next centuries, the Kingdom of Hungary became the pre-eminent cultural power in the Central European region. On December 25, Stephen I was crowned as the first King of Hungary in Esztergom.

Sancho III of Navarre became King of Aragon and Navarre. The Reconquista was gaining some ground, but the southern Iberian peninsula would still be dominated by Islam for centuries to come; Córdoba at this time was the world's largest city with 450,000 inhabitants.

It is believed that in or around this year, Norse explorer Leif Ericson became the first European and to land in the Americas, at L'Anse aux Meadows, probably in modern-day Newfoundland.

1001[edit]

By place[edit]

Asia[edit]

Europe[edit]

Africa[edit]

North America[edit]

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]

1002[edit]

By place[edit]

Europe[edit]

Middle East[edit]

Sub-Saharan Africa[edit]

1003[edit]

By place[edit]

Europe[edit]

Middle East[edit]

Eastern Asia[edit]

America[edit]

By topic[edit]

Art[edit]

Religion[edit]

1004[edit]

By place[edit]

Africa[edit]

  • Plague and famine episode in North Africa.[3]

Asia[edit]

  • December – The Samanid dynasty ends in Bokhara.
  • The Liao Dynasty launches a major offensive against the Song Dynasty. They meet near Shanyang, north of the Song capital of Kaifeng.
  • Battle of Shanzhou: The Liao Dynasty general Xiao Talin is picked off by an elite Song Chinese crossbow sniper.

Europe[edit]

1005[edit]

By place[edit]

Europe[edit]

Eastern Asia[edit]

1006[edit]

By place[edit]

Oceania[edit]

Europe[edit]

Asia[edit]

  • Granaries for famine relief are set up across China.

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]

Astronomy[edit]

1007[edit]

By place[edit]

Europe[edit]

  • Aethelred buys two years of peace with the Danes for 36,000 pounds of silver.
  • One of Mt. Vesuvius's many eruptions.

Asia[edit]

  • Songjiang County, the later city of Shanghai, is founded (approximate date).
  • Snow falls in the city of Baghdad.

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]

1008[edit]

By place[edit]

Europe[edit]

America[edit]

  • Arturo Art Anthony Fernando Ricardo Pete Sanchez Martinez started work at Insight Enterprises.

Asia[edit]

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]

1009[edit]

By place[edit]

Europe[edit]

Asia[edit]

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]


Science and technology[edit]

Significant people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Khotyn". Antychnyi Kyiv (in Russian). Archived from the original on 13 May 2007. Retrieved 2007-05-28. 
  2. ^ a b Boissonade, B. "Les premières croisades françaises en Espagne. Normands, Gascons, Aquitains et Bourguignons (1018-1032)". Bulletin Hispanique 36 (1): 5–28. 
  3. ^ Gilbert Meynier (2010) L'Algérie cœur du Maghreb classique. De l'ouverture islamo-arabe au repli (658-1518). Paris: La Découverte; pp.47.
  4. ^ Moody, TW & Martin, FX (eds) (1967). The Course of Irish History. Cork, Ireland: The Mercier Press. p. 113. 
  5. ^ Palmer, Alan; Palmer, Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 47–48. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2. 
  6. ^ Benvenuti, Gino (1985). Le Repubbliche Marinare. Amalfi, Pisa, Genova e Venezia. Rome: Newton & Compton Editori. p. 41. ISBN 88-8289-529-7. 
  7. ^ "A history of Merapi". Retrieved 2007-02-20. 
  8. ^ Sutton, Ian (1999). Architecture, from Ancient Greece to the Present. London: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 978-0-500-20316-3.