Japan's Top 100 Castles

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Japan's Top 100 Castles (日本百名城 Nihon Hyaku-Meijō?) is a list of famous Japanese castles. The castles on the list were chosen based on their significance in culture, history, and in their regions by the Japanese Castle Foundation (日本城郭協会 Nihon Jōkaku Kyōkai?) in 2006.

List by region[edit]

Hokkaidō[edit]

Nama Prefecture City Year completed Built by Photo
Nemuro Peninsula Chashiato
根室半島チャシ跡群
Hokkaido Nemuro From the 16C
to the 18C
Ainu people Nemurohanto chashiatogun onnemotochashi.jpg
Goryōkaku
五稜郭
Hokkaido Hakodate 1866 Tokugawa shogunate Hakodate Bugyosho sideview.jpg
Matsumae Castle
松前城
Hokkaido Matsumae 1606 Matsumae Takahiro MatsumaeCastle.jpg

Tōhoku region[edit]

Nama Prefecture City Year completed Built by Photo
Hirosaki Castle
弘前城
Aomori Hirosaki 1611 Tsugaru Tamenobu
Tsugaru Nobuhira
HirosakiCastle.JPG
Ne Castle
根城
Aomori Hachinohe 1334 Moroyuki Nanbu Nejo-castle03.jpg
Morioka Castle
盛岡城
Iwate Morioka 1598 Nanbu Nobunao Morioka Park 1.JPG
Sendai Castle
仙台城
Miyagi Sendai 1601 Date Masamune Sendai castle01s3872.jpg
Taga Fort
多賀城
Miyagi Tagajō 724 Ōno no Azumabito Tagajo.jpg
Kubota Castle
久保田城
Akita Akita 1604 Satake Yoshinobu Kubota-jo 001.jpg
Yamagata Castle
山形城
Yamagata Yamagata 1356 Shiba Kaneyori Yamagata-jo ninomaru higashi-otemon.jpg
Nihonmatsu Castle
二本松城
Fukushima Nihonmatsu Muromachi period Hatakeyama Mitsuyasu Nihonmatsu Castle Minowa Gate 20100625-01.jpg
Aizuwakamatsu Castle
会津若松城
Fukushima Aizuwakamatsu 1384 Ashina Naomori Aizuwakamatsu Castle 06.jpg
Komine Castle
小峰城
Fukushima Shirakawa 1340 Yūki Chikatomo Shirakawa Komine Castle 20100625-01.jpg

Kantō region[edit]

Nama Prefecture City Year completed Built by Photo
Mito Castle
水戸城
Ibaraki Mito 1198 Baba Sukemoto Mito castle sannomaru karabori.jpg
Banna-ji
鑁阿寺
Tochigi Ashikaga 1196 Minamoto no Yoshiyasu BannajiHondo.JPG
Minowa Castle
箕輪城
Gunma Takasaki 1512 Nagano Narihisa Minowajyo.jpg
Kanayama Castle
金山城
Gunma Ōta 1469 Iwamatsu Iezumi Kanayamajo-ato.JPG
Hachigata Castle
鉢形城
Saitama Yorii 1476 Nagao Kageharu Hatigatajou Honmaru.JPG
Kawagoe Castle
川越城
Saitama Kawagoe 1457 Uesugi Mochitomo Kawagoe castle honmaru palatial residence.jpg
Sakura Castle
佐倉城
Chiba Sakura Tenbun era Kashima Chikamiki Sakura Castle Jonanzutsumi.jpg
Edo Castle
江戸城
Tokyo Chiyoda 1457 Ōta Dōkan Kokyo0057.jpg
Hachiōji Castle
八王子城
Tokyo Hachiōji 1587 Hōjō Ujiteru Hachioji Castle Gosyuden entrance.JPG
Odawara Castle
小田原城
Kanagawa Odawara 1633 Ōmori Yoriharu ODAWARA-CASTLE.JPG
Tsutsujigasaki Castle
躑躅ヶ崎館
Yamanashi Kōfu 1519 Takeda Nobutora 躑躅ヶ崎館.jpg
Kōfu Castle
甲府城
Yamanashi Kōfu 1583 Tokugawa Ieyasu KOUFU CASTLE.JPG
Matsushiro Castle
松代城
Nagano Nagano 1560 Takeda Shingen Matsushiro Castle 20100919-01.jpg
Ueda Castle
上田城
Nagano Ueda 1583 Sanada Masayuki Ueda Castle.JPG
Komoro Castle
小諸城
Nagano Komoro 1554 Takeda Shingen Komoro castle01s3872.jpg
Matsumoto Castle
松本城
Nagano Matsumoto 1504 Shimadachi Sadanaga Matsumoto-Castle-M7774.jpg
Takatō Castle
高遠城
Nagano Matsumoto ? ? TakatoCastle(高遠城).JPG
Shibata Castle
新発田城
Niigata Shibata 1654? Shibata clan? Shibatajo003.JPG
Kasugayama Castle
春日山城
Niigata Jōetsu Nanboku-chō period Uesugi clan Kasugayama jousi 2008.jpg

Chūbu region[edit]

Nama Prefecture City Year completed Built by Photo
Takaoka Castle
高岡城
Toyama Takaoka 1609 Maeda Toshinaga
Nanao Castle
七尾城
Ishikawa Nanao 1429 Hatakeyama Mitsunori Nanaojo-tyoudomaru.JPG
Kanazawa Castle
金沢城
Ishikawa Kanazawa 1580 Sakuma Morimasa Kanazawa-M-5932.jpg
Maruoka Castle
丸岡城
Fukui Sakai 1576 Shibata Katsutoyo Keep of Maruoka Castle 1.jpg
Ichijōdani Castle
一乗谷城
Fukui Fukui Nanboku-chō period Asakura clan Asakura Yakata of Ichijodani Asakura Family Historic Ruins03n4592.jpg
Iwamura Castle
岩村城
Gifu Ena 1221 Tōyama Kagetomo Iwamurajo16.jpg
Gifu Castle
岐阜城
Gifu Gifu 1201 Nikaidō Yukimasa J23gifu.jpg
Yamanaka Castle
山中城
Shizuoka Mishima 1570 Hōjō Ujiyasu YamanakaJo ShojiBori.JPG
Sunpu Castle
駿府城
Shizuoka Shizuoka 1585 Tokugawa Ieyasu Sunpu castle higashigomon koraimon.jpg
Kakegawa Castle
掛川城
Shizuoka Kakegawa 1487 Asahina Yasuhiro Kakegawacastleapril2006.JPG
Inuyama Castle
犬山城
Aichi Inuyama 1469 Oda Hirochika Castle in Inuyama.JPG
Nagoya Castle
名古屋城
Aichi Nagoya 1609 Tokugawa Ieyasu Nagoya Castle Feb 2011 100.jpg
Okazaki Castle
岡崎城
Aichi Okazaki 1452? Saigō clan Okazaki Castle.jpg
Nagashino Castle
長篠城
Aichi Shinshiro 1508 Suganuma Motonari
Iga Ueno Castle
伊賀上野城
Mie Iga 1585 Tsutsui Sadatsugu Igauenozyo.jpg
Matsuzaka Castle
松阪城
Mie Matsusaka 1588 Gamō Ujisato 松坂城1.jpg

Kansai region[edit]

Nama Prefecture City Year completed Built by Photo
Odani Castle
小谷城
Shiga Kohoku 1516 Azai Sukemasa Odanij2.jpg
Hikone Castle
彦根城
Shiga Hikone 1622 Ii Naokatsu Hikone castle17s3200.jpg
Azuchi Castle
安土城
Shiga Ōmihachiman 1576 Oda Nobunaga Azuchi.jpg
Kannonji Castle
観音寺城
Shiga Ōmihachiman 1487 Rokkaku Ujiyori Kannonjij12.jpg
Nijō Castle
二条城
Kyoto Kyoto 1603 Tokugawa Ieyasu Nijo-jo Ninomaru-goten 2009.jpg
Osaka Castle
大坂城
Osaka Osaka 1583 Toyotomi Hideyoshi OsakaCastle 2007-2.jpg
Chihaya Castle
千早城
Osaka Chihayaakasaka 1332 Kusunoki Masashige Chihaya Castle3.jpg
Takeda Castle
竹田城
Hyōgo Asago 1431 Yamana Sōzen Takeda castle 09.JPG
Sasayama Castle
篠山城
Hyōgo Sasayama 1609 Tokugawa Ieyasu Sasayama Castle07st3200.jpg
Akashi Castle
明石城
Hyōgo Akashi 1618 Ogasawara Tadazane Akashi Castle07n4592.jpg
Himeji Castle
姫路城
Hyōgo Himeji 1346 Akamatsu Sadanori Himeji Castle No09 068.jpg
Akō Castle
赤穂城
Hyōgo Akō 1483 Oka Mitsuhiro Ako Castle10n4272.jpg
Takatori Castle
高取城
Nara Takatori 1332 Ochi Kunizumi Takatorijyou.JPG
Wakayama Castle
和歌山城
Wakayama Wakayama 1586 Toyotomi Hidenaga Wakayama castle02s3200.jpg

Chūgoku region[edit]

Nama Prefecture City Year completed Built by Photo
Tottori Castle
鳥取城
Tottori Tottori 1555 Yamana clan Tottori castle07 1920.jpg
Matsue Castle
松江城
Shimane Matsue 1611 Horio Tadauji Matsue castle01bs4592.jpg
Gassantoda Castle
月山富田城
Shimane Yasugi 1185? Sasaki Yoshikiyo? Gassan Toda Castle 07.JPG
Tsuwano Castle
津和野城
Shimane Tsuwano 1295 Yoshimi Yoriyuki Tsuwano castle a site of Sanjukkendai .JPG
Tsuyama Castle
津山城
Okayama Tsuyama 1444 Yamashina Tadamasa Tsuyama Castle03n3200.jpg
Bitchū Matsuyama Castle
備中松山城
Okayama Takahashi 1240 Akiba Shigenobu Bitchu Matsuyama Castle 5.JPG
Ki castle
鬼ノ城
Okayama Sōja 7C? Yamato court? Kinojo Nishi mon area.jpg
Okayama Castle
岡山城
Okayama Okayama 1369 Uwagami Takanao Okayama castle01s3200.jpg
Fukuyama Castle
福山城
Hiroshima Fukuyama 1622 Mizuno Katsunari Fukuyama castle04s2010.jpg
Yoshida-Kōriyama Castle
吉田郡山城
Hiroshima Akitakata 1336 Mōri Tokichika Ruins of koriyamajo.jpg
Hiroshima Castle
広島城
Hiroshima Hiroshima 1589 Mōri Terumoto Hiroshima Castle 11.JPG
Iwakuni Castle
岩国城
Yamaguchi Iwakuni 1601 Kikkawa Hiroie 20100724 Iwakuni Castle 5279.jpg
Hagi Castle
萩城
Yamaguchi Hagi 1604 Mōri Terumoto Hagi Castle The Keep Base.jpg

Shikoku region[edit]

Nama Prefecture City Year completed Built by Photo
Tokushima Castle
徳島城
Tokushima Tokushima 1585 Hachisuka Iemasa Tokushima castle04s3872.jpg
Takamatsu Castle
高松城
Kagawa Takamatsu 1590 Ikoma Chikamasa Takamatsu castle09s3872.jpg
Marugame Castle
丸亀城
Kagawa Marugame Muromachi period Nara Motoyasu Marugame Castle01.jpg
Imabari Castle
今治城
Ehime Imabari 1602 Tōdō Takatora Takatora imabari japan.jpg
Matsuyama Castle
松山城
Ehime Matsuyama 1602 Katō Yoshiaki Matsuyama Castle Tower(Iyo) JAPAN.JPG
Yuzuki Castle
湯築城
Ehime Matsuyama 14C Kōno clan Yuzukijo 11.JPG
Ōzu Castle
大洲城
Ehime Ōzu 1331 Utsunomiya Toyofusa Ozu Castle 2009.jpg
Uwajima Castle
宇和島城
Ehime Uwajima 941 Tachibana no Tōyasu Uwajima Castle 17.JPG
Kōchi Castle
高知城
Kōchi Kōchi 1603 Yamauchi Kazutoyo Kochi Castle09.JPG

Kyūshū region[edit]

Nama Prefecture City Year completed Built by Photo
Fukuoka Castle
福岡城
Fukuoka Fukuoka 1601 Kuroda Nagamasa Fukuoka-jo tenshudai soseki.jpg
Ōno Castle
大野城
Fukuoka Ōnojō ? ? Oonojou.jpg
Nagoya Castle
名護屋城
Saga Karatsu 1591 Toyotomi Hideyoshi NagoyaC hommaru.jpg
Yoshinogari site
吉野ヶ里遺跡
Saga Yoshinogari
Kanzaki
Yayoi period ? Yoshinogari Ancient Ruins 2008.jpg
Saga Castle
佐賀城
Saga Saga 1602 Nabeshima clan Saga castle shachinomon gate.jpg
Hirado Castle
平戸城
Nagasaki Hirado 1599 Matsuura Shigenobu HiradoCastle1.jpg
Shimabara Castle
島原城
Nagasaki Shimabara 1624 Matsukura Shigemasa Shimabara Castle Tower 20090906.jpg
Kumamoto Castle
熊本城
Kumamoto Kumamoto 1467 Ideta Hidenobu Kumamotojo.jpg
Hitoyoshi Castle
人吉城
Kumamoto Hitoyoshi Genkyū era Sagara Nagayori Hitoyoshijou musha-gaeshi.JPG
Funai Castle
府内城
Ōita Ōita 1597 Fukuhara Nagataka Funai Castle01n3200.jpg
Oka Castle (ja)
岡城
Ōita Taketa 1185 Ogata Koreyoshi Okajoshi.jpg
Obi Castle
飫肥城
Miyazaki Nichinan Sengoku period Tsuchimochi clan Obi Castle Otemon.jpg
Kagoshima Castle
鹿児島城
Kagoshima Kagoshima 1602 Shimazu Iehisa Kagoshimajo.jpg
Nakijin Castle
今帰仁城
Okinawa Nakijin 13C? Wakugawa Aji? Nakijinjyousi.jpg
Nakagusuku Castle
中城城
Okinawa Kitanakagusuku
Nakagusuku
14C? Sachinakagusuku Aji? Nakagusuku Castle18n3104.jpg
Shuri Castle
首里城
Okinawa Naha 14C? ? Naha Shuri Castle16s5s3200.jpg

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Japan's Top 100 Castles at Wikimedia Commons