100 Welsh Heroes

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

100 Welsh Heroes was an opinion poll run in Wales as a response to the BBC's 100 Greatest Britons poll of 2002. The Welsh poll was carried out mainly on the internet, starting on 8 September 2003 and finishing on 23 February 2004. The results were announced on St David's Day, 1 March 2004.

Conduct of the poll[edit]

The poll was operated by Culturenet Cymru, a Welsh Assembly-funded body based at the National Library of Wales in Aberystwyth.[1] At the time of the results being announced the organisers claimed that the 81,323 nominations and votes made it the largest online poll ever conducted in Wales. S4C was the only television station to broadcast parts of the ceremony.[2]

Controversy[edit]

Aneurin Bevan, no 1 in the poll

Former Labour leader Neil Kinnock, himself named in the poll, had, during the voting, drawn attention to a Welsh nationalist "plot" to have Owain Glyndŵr at number one in place of the eventual winner, Aneurin Bevan.[3] Robin Gwyn, at the time Communications Director of the National Museum of Wales, had controversially urged Welsh language contacts, by e-mail, to vote for Glyndŵr,[3] and was obliged to apologise.

In August 2004 a former employee of Culturenet Cymru alleged that the poll had been rigged to avoid accusations of "dumbing-down", and to ensure that Owain Glyndŵr (a Welsh nationalist hero) did not receive more votes than Aneurin Bevan (a Labour Party hero).[4] Peter Black, Liberal Democrat AM for South Wales West, subsequently called on the Welsh Government to inquire into whether the poll had been conducted properly and whether the financial support supplied by the government should be refunded.[5]

Results[edit]

The Top 100 were:[6]

  1. Aneurin Bevan, politician (2,426 votes) – 45 in the 100 Greatest Britons list
  2. Owain Glyndŵr, Prince of Wales (2,309 votes) – 23 in the 100 Greatest Britons list
  3. Tom Jones, singer (2,072 votes)
  4. Gwynfor Evans, politician (1,928 votes)
  5. Richard Burton, actor (1,755 votes) – 94 in the 100 Greatest Britons list
  6. Gareth Edwards, rugby player (1,685 votes)
  7. Dylan Thomas, poet (1,630 votes)
  8. David Lloyd George, politician (1,627 votes) – 78 in the 100 Greatest Britons list
  9. Robert Owen, philanthropist and founder of socialism (1,621 votes)
  10. Saunders Lewis, writer (1,601 votes)
  11. Mike Peters, musician (1,594 votes)
  12. Bertrand Russell, philosopher (1,469 votes)
  13. Catherine Zeta-Jones, actress (1,136 votes)
  14. R. S. Thomas, poet (898 votes)
  15. Andrew Vicari, artist (873 votes)
  16. Evan Roberts, leading figure in 1904-1905 Welsh Revival (816 votes)
  17. James Dean Bradfield, musician (790 votes)
  18. Bishop William Morgan (775 votes)
  19. John Charles, footballer (769 votes)
  20. Phil Campbell, musician (763 votes)
  21. Llywelyn ap Gruffudd, Prince of Wales (564 votes)
  22. Ioan Gruffudd, actor (464 votes)
  23. Richey Edwards, musician (436 votes)
  24. J.P.R. Williams, rugby player (433 votes)
  25. Tanni Grey-Thompson, athlete (432 votes)
  26. Simon Weston, war hero (416 votes)
  27. John Evans, writer (352 votes)
  28. Alfred Russel Wallace, scientist (313 votes)
  29. Michael D. Jones, founder of the Welsh Patagonia community (284 votes)
  30. Dafydd ap Gwilym, poet (281 votes)
  31. Rowan Williams, Archbishop of Canterbury (273 votes)
  32. Patrick Jones, poet, playwright and filmmaker (260 votes)
  33. Julian Cayo-Evans, militant politician (257 votes)
  34. Tommy Cooper, comedian (219 votes)
  35. Roald Dahl, author (201 votes)
  36. John Frost, Chartist leader (187 votes)
  37. Hedd Wyn, poet (178 votes)
  38. Jimmy Wilde, boxer (177 votes)
  39. Dr Richard Price, philosopher (171 votes)
  40. Sir Kyffin Williams, artist (170 votes)
  41. Kate Roberts, writer (167 votes)
  42. Roy Jenkins, politician (165 votes)
  43. Hywel Dda, king and law-giver (164 votes)
  44. Anthony Hopkins, actor (160 votes)
  45. Professor Steve Jones, biologist (159 votes)
  46. Saint David, patron saint of Wales (158 votes)
  47. William Williams Pantycelyn, poet (158 votes)
  48. Donald Davies, scientist (146 votes)
  49. Ron Davies, politician (145 votes)
  50. Professor Brian Josephson, Nobel Prize-winning scientist (144 votes)
  51. Sir Henry Morton Stanley, explorer (143 votes)
  52. T. E. Lawrence, war hero (143 votes) – 53 in the 100 Greatest Britons list
  53. Henry VII of England, King of England and Lord of Ireland (142 votes)
  54. Llywelyn ab Iorwerth, Prince of Wales (139 votes)
  55. Bryn Terfel, singer (138 votes)
  56. Dic Penderyn, political martyr (136 votes)
  57. Ian Rush, footballer (135 votes)
  58. Neil Kinnock, politician (135 votes)
  59. W. H. Davies, poet (135 votes)
  60. Mark Hughes, footballer (132 votes)
  61. Sir Clough Williams-Ellis, architect (120 votes)
  62. Bill Frost, aviator (120 votes)
  63. Dafydd Iwan, musician and politician (115 votes)
  64. Dr William Price, physician and eccentric (114 votes)
  65. Elizabeth Phillips Hughes, educator (110 votes)
  66. Margaret Haig Thomas, suffragette (108 votes)
  67. Professor Clive Granger (107 votes)
  68. Sir Terry Matthews, entrepreneur (95 votes)
  69. Howell Harris, religious leader (94 votes)
  70. King Arthur, king of the Britons (92 votes) – 51 in the 100 Greatest Britons list
  71. Cerys Matthews, singer (88 votes)
  72. Laura Ashley, designer (87 votes)
  73. William Henry Preece, engineer and inventor (86 votes)
  74. David Davies, industrialist (81 votes)
  75. Thomas Jones, artist (81 votes)
  76. Colin Jackson, athlete (77 votes)
  77. Captain Henry Morgan, buccaneer (71 votes)
  78. Julien Macdonald, fashion designer (68 votes)
  79. Gwen John, artist (68 votes)
  80. Rhodri Mawr, king (64 votes)
  81. Iolo Morganwg, poet and author, inventor of the Eisteddfod format (63 votes)
  82. Alexander Cordell, novelist (63 votes)
  83. Owain Lawgoch, claimant to throne of Wales (62 votes)
  84. Dannie Abse, poet (62 votes)
  85. Gerald of Wales, bishop and writer (60 votes)
  86. Robert Recorde, mathematician (57 votes)
  87. David Edward Hughes, scientist and musician (57 votes)
  88. Richard Amerik, merchant, customs officer and sheriff (57 votes)
  89. Evan Evans (Ieuan Fardd), poet (57 votes)
  90. Richard Wilson, artist (56 votes)
  91. William Robert Grove, judge and scientist (56 votes)
  92. Megan Lloyd George, politician (56 votes)
  93. John Jones (55 votes)
  94. Raymond Williams, writer (55 votes)
  95. John Cale,musician (55 votes)
  96. Ernest Jones, psychiatrist (54 votes)
  97. Waldo Williams, poet (53 votes)
  98. The Lord Rhys, rule of Deheubarth (51 votes)
  99. Isaac Roberts, engineer and businessman (44 votes)
  100. Elizabeth Andrews, first woman organiser of the Labour Party in Wales. (37 votes)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bevan yw dewis y bobol" [Bevan is the people's choice] (in Welsh). Llandaff: BBC Cymru. 2 March 2004. Retrieved 7 May 2013. 
  2. ^ "CWLS(2)-04-04 Paper 6" (PDF). Archived from the original on 7 May 2013. Retrieved 10 October 2011. 
  3. ^ a b "Rebel 'plot' to topple greatest Welshman". The Independent. 29 February 2004. Retrieved 10 October 2011. 
  4. ^ Martin Shipton, The Western Mail (31 August 2004). "'Welsh heroes' row flares up". Walesonline.co.uk. Retrieved 10 October 2011. 
  5. ^ "Peter Black, Letter dated 26/11/04". Peterblack.blogspot.com. 26 November 2004. Retrieved 10 October 2011. 
  6. ^ "The top 100 in the Welsh Heroes list.". Western Mail (Cardiff: Trinity Mirror). 2 March 2004. Retrieved 7 May 2013. 

External links[edit]