100 Greatest Romanians

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TV show's logo
Stephen the Great, commemorated on some stamps from 2004, the winner of the contest

In 2006, Romanian Television (Televiziunea Română, TVR) conducted a vote to determine whom the general public considered the 100 Greatest Romanians of all time, in a version of the British TV show 100 greatest Britons. The resulting series, Great Romanians (Mari Români), included individual programmes on the top ten, with viewers having further opportunities to vote after each programme. It concluded with a debate. On 21 October, TVR announced that the "greatest Romanian of all time" according to the voting was Stephen the Great.

The list[edit]

  1. Stephen the Great (1435-1504) - prince of Moldavia won renown in Europe for his long resistance to the Ottoman Turks
  2. Carol I (1839 – 1914) - the first Romanian ruler of the Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen dynasty (1866 - 1914), the first King of Romania (since 1881) after the country acquired full independence under his leadership
  3. Mihai Eminescu (1850 – 1889) - late Romantic poet, widely considered to be the most influential Romanian poet
  4. Mihai Viteazul (1558 – 1601) - Prince of Wallachia, he achieved the first union of Wallachia, Transylvania and Moldavia (the three principalities largely inhabited by Romanians)
  5. Richard Wurmbrand (1909 – 2001) - evangelical Christian minister, author and educator who spent a total of fourteen years in communist prison
  6. Ion Antonescu (1882 – 1946) - the prime minister and leader of Romania during World War II
  7. Mircea Eliade (1907 – 1986) - researcher and professor of the history of religions, Orientalist and novelist
  8. Alexandru Ioan Cuza (1820 – 1873) - the first ruler of the United Principalities of Romania after the union of Moldavia and Wallachia in 1859; his reforms started the modernization of Romania
  9. Constantin Brâncuşi (1876 – 1957) - famous modern sculptor
  10. Nadia Comăneci (1961 – ) - gymnast, winner of five Olympic gold medals, and the first to be awarded a perfect score of 10 in an Olympic gymnastic event
  11. Nicolae Ceauşescu (1918 – 1989) - last communist president of Romania
  12. Vlad Ţepeş (1431 – 1476) - Prince of Wallachia
  13. Henri Coandă (1886 – 1972) - inventor and aerodynamics pioneer
  14. Gheorghe Hagi (1965 – ) - football player
  15. Ion Luca Caragiale (1852 – 1912) - playwright and short story writer
  16. Nicolae Iorga (1871 – 1940) - historian, writer, and politician
  17. Constantin Brâncoveanu (1654 – 1714) - Prince of Wallachia
  18. George Enescu (1881 – 1955) - composer and musician
  19. Gregorian Bivolaru (1952 – ) - founder of MISA yoga organization
  20. Mirel Rădoi (1980 – ) - football player
  21. Corneliu Zelea Codreanu (1899 – 1938) - leader of a Romanian nationalist movement during the 30s
  22. Nicolae Titulescu (1882 – 1941) - diplomat, president of the League of Nations
  23. Ferdinand I of Romania (1865 – 1927) - King of Romania during World War I
  24. Mihai I (1921 – ) - last King of Romania before communist period
  25. Decebalus (87 – 106) - last King of Dacia before Roman conquest
  26. Traian Băsescu (1951 – ) - politician, President of Romania
  27. Gheorghe Mureșan (1971 – ) - NBA basketball player
  28. Ion I. C. Brătianu (1864 – 1927) - liberal politician, Prime Minister of Romania for five terms
  29. Răzvan Lucescu (1969 – ) football player and football club manager
  30. Nicolae Paulescu (1869 – 1931) - physiologist, the discoverer of insulin
  31. Iuliu Maniu (1873 – 1953) - politician
  32. Iuliu Hossu (1885 – 1970) - Greek-Catholic bishop, victim of the communist regime
  33. Emil Cioran (1911 – 1995) - philosopher, writer, and essayist
  34. Avram Iancu (1824 – 1872) - leader of the 1848 revolution in Transylvania
  35. Burebista (? – 44 BC) - King of Dacia
  36. Marie of Romania (1875 – 1938) - Queen of Romania
  37. Petre Ţuţea (1902 – 1991) - philosopher, victim of the communist regime
  38. Corneliu Coposu (1914 – 1995) - politician, victim of the communist regime
  39. Aurel Vlaicu (1882 – 1913) - inventor, aviation pioneer
  40. Iosif Trifa (1888 – 1938) - Eastern Orthodox priest, founder of the "Oastea Domnului" ("Lord's Army") Christian organisation
  41. Nichita Stănescu (1933 – 1983) - poet and essayist
  42. Ion Creangă (1837 – 1889) - writer
  43. Mădalina Manole (1967 – 2010) - pop singer
  44. Corneliu Vadim Tudor (1949 – ) - strongly nationalistic politician, writer and journalist; founder and leader of the Greater Romania party
  45. Traian Vuia (1872 – 1950) - inventor, aviation pioneer
  46. Lucian Blaga (1895 – 1961) - poet, playwright, and philosopher
  47. George Emil Palade (1912 – 2008) - cell biologist, winner of the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine (1974)
  48. Ana Aslan (1897 – 1988) - biologist, physician and inventor, the author of essential research in gerontology
  49. Adrian Mutu (1979 – ) - football player
  50. Florin Piersic (1936 – ) - theater and film actor
  51. Mihail Kogălniceanu (1817 – 1891) - politician and historian, first Prime Minister of the United Principalities of Romania
  52. Iancsi Korossy (1926 – 2013) - jazz pianist
  53. Dimitrie Cantemir (1673 – 1723) - Prince of Moldavia and prolific man of letters
  54. Ilie Năstase (1946 – ) - tennis player
  55. Gheorghe Zamfir (1941 – ) - musician, pan flute player
  56. Gică Petrescu (1915 – 2006) - musician, folk and pop music composer and singer
  57. Elisabeta Rizea (1912 – 2003) - anti-communist partisan
  58. Bulă (fictional) - a stock character of Romanian jokes
  59. Amza Pellea (1931 – 1983) - theater and film actor
  60. Matei Corvin (1443 (?) – 1490) - King of Hungary
  61. Mircea cel Bătrân (1355 – 1418) - Prince of Wallachia
  62. Titu Maiorescu (1840 – 1917) - literary critic and politician
  63. Toma Caragiu (1925 – 1977) - theater and film actor
  64. Mihai Trăistariu (1979 – ) - pop singer
  65. Andreea Marin (1974 – ) - TV show host
  66. Emil Racoviţă (1868 – 1947) - biologist, speleologist and explorer of Antarctica
  67. Victor Babeş (1854 – 1926) - biologist and early bacteriologist, one of the founders of microbiology
  68. Nicolae Bălcescu (1819 – 1852) - leader of the 1848 Wallachian Revolution
  69. Horia-Roman Patapievici (1957 – ) - writer and essayist
  70. Ion Iliescu (1930 – ) - first President of Romania after the 1989 revolution
  71. Marin Preda (1922 – 1980) - novelist
  72. Eugen Ionescu (1909 – 1994) - playwright, one of the initiators of the theatre of the absurd
  73. Dumitru Stăniloae (1903 – 1993) - Eastern Orthodox priest and theologian
  74. Alexandru Todea (1905 – 2002) - Greek-Catholic bishop, victim of the communist regime
  75. Tudor Gheorghe (1945 – ) - singer and theater actor
  76. Ion Ţiriac (1939 – ) - tennis player and businessman
  77. Ilie Cleopa (1912 – 1998) - Eastern Orthodox archimandrite
  78. Arsenie Boca (1910 – 1989) - Eastern Orthodox priest and theologian, victim of the communist regime
  79. Bănel Nicoliţă (1985 – ) - football player
  80. Dumitru Cornilescu (1891 – 1975) - Eastern Orthodox, then Protestant priest, translated the Bible into Romanian in 1921
  81. Grigore Moisil (1906 – 1973) - mathematician and computing pioneer
  82. Claudiu Niculescu (1976 – ) - football player
  83. Florentin Petre (1976 – ) - football player
  84. Marius Moga (1981 – ) - pop music composer and singer
  85. Nicolae Steinhardt (1912 – 1989) - writer
  86. Laura Stoica (1967 – 2006) - pop and rock singer, composer and actress
  87. Cătălin Hâldan (1976 – 2000) - football player
  88. Anghel Saligny (1854 – 1925) - engineer
  89. Ivan Patzaichin (1949 – ) - flatwater canoer who won seven Olympic medals
  90. Maria Tănase (1913 – 1963) - traditional and popular music singer
  91. Sergiu Nicolaescu (1930 – 2013) - film director, actor and politician
  92. Octavian Paler (1926 – 2007) - essayist
  93. The Unknown Soldier - the Romanian soldier in the national tomb of the Unknown Soldier
  94. Ciprian Porumbescu (1853 – 1883) - composer
  95. Nicolae Covaci (1947 – ) - founder of the Phoenix rock band
  96. Dumitru Prunariu (1952 – ) - first Romanian cosmonaut
  97. Iancu de Hunedoara (c. 1387 – 1456) - Voivode of Transylvania, captain-general and regent of the Kingdom of Hungary
  98. Constantin Noica (1909 – 1987) - philosopher and essayist
  99. Badea Cârţan (1849 – 1911) - a shepherd who fought for the independence of the Romanians of Transylvania (then under Hungarian rule inside Austria-Hungary)

References[edit]

External links[edit]