101st Field Artillery Regiment

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101st Field Artillery
101stFAR.png
Coat of arms 101st Field Artillery
Active 1636–present
Country  United States
Branch Massachusetts Army National Guard
Garrison/HQ Brockton, Massachusetts
Nickname Boston Light Artillery (special designation)[1]
Motto Vincere est Vivere (To Conquer is to Live)
Equipment M119A2 Howitzer, Q36 / Q37 Target Acquisition Radar
Engagements

Colonial Wars
Pequot War
King Philip's War
King William's War
Queen Anne's War
King George's War
French and Indian War
American Wars
American Revolutionary War

War of 1812
American Civil War

War with Spain

World War I

World War II

Korean War
Afghanistan Campaign

Iraq Campaign
Decorations Superior Unit Award (IFOR Service)
Commanders
Notable
commanders
John Winthrop
Myles Standish (Plymouth Company Commander)
Insignia
Distinctive unit insignia 101st Distinctive Unit Insignia.png
86th BCT shoulder sleeve insignia worn by 1-101st FA 86th BCT (MTN).jpg
197th FA Brigade shoulder sleeve insignia worn by Battery E, 101st FA (TAB) 197th FA Brigade patch.png

The 101st Field Artillery ("Boston Light Artillery"[1]) regiment is the oldest field artillery regiment in the United States Army with a lineage dating to 13 December 1636 when it was organized as the South Regiment. For the first 250 years of the unit's existence it served in infantry formations.[2]

History[edit]

101st Field Artillery Regiment was first formed on 13 December 1636 as the South Regiment by the Massachusetts General Court. Its first commander was Colonel John Winthrop. Since its creation, the regiment has served in six colonial wars and nine American wars totalling 47 campaigns through 2010.[3]

In addition to its own lineage, the 101st Field Artillery Regiment holds the lineage of the 180th Field Artillery Regiment, the 211th Field Artillery Regiment, the 241st Field Artillery Regiment and the 272nd Field Artillery Battalion. Alpha Battery, 1st Battalion 101st Field Artillery holds the lineage of the 102nd Field Artillery and the Second Corps of Cadets.

Recent and current organization[edit]

The regiment currently consists of the 1st Battalion 101st Field Artillery based in Brockton, Massachusetts and Echo Battery 101st Field Artillery, Target Acquisition Battery (TAB) based in Rehoboth, Massachusetts, both units are in the Massachusetts National Guard.

Alpha Battery, 1st Battalion 101st Field Artillery is based in Danvers, Massachusetts with a detachment in Fall River, Massachusetts. Bravo Battery is based in Waterbury, Vermont and is part of the Vermont National Guard.

In the past twenty years, the 1st Battalion 101st Field Artillery Battalion Field Artillery has fallen under the 26th Division Artillery, the 42nd Division Artillery, the 29th Division Artillery and the 26th Infantry Brigade Combat Team. The battalion currently is the fires battalion for the 86th Infantry Brigade Combat Team (Mountain), 42nd Infantry Division.

In the past twenty years, Echo Battery 101st FA (TAB) has fallen under the 26th Division Artillery and the 42d Division Artillery. The unit currently is the target acquisition battery for the 197th Field Artillery Brigade, New Hampshire National Guard.

Notable non-combat actions[edit]

86th Infantry Brigade Combat Team (IBCT) visit the town and police department of Shakadara, Afghanistan. Members of the 86th IBCT regularly provide mentoring and training to police departments in outlying areas of Kabul

Notable members[edit]

  • Colonel John Winthrop - First commander, South Regiment
  • Captain John Underhill - First full-time training officer, Commander Boston Company
  • Captain Myles Standish - First commander Plymouth Company (211th FA Lineage)
  • Colonel Robert Cowden - Regimental commander who organized the unit as a three year volunteer regiment for the Civil War.
  • Corporal Nathaniel M. Allen - Was awarded the Medal of Honor for saving the regimental colors from capture during the Battle of Gettysburg.
  • Major Asa M. Cook - first commander Light Artillery Company, 1st Brigade. Served in American Civil War.
  • Sergeant Michael J. Kelley - While serving with Echo Battery, 101st Field Artillery (TAB) at Camp Salerno, Afghanistan was killed in action on 8 June 2005 after the helicopter landing zone he was working at was hit by rocket fire. He was the first Massachusetts National Guardsman killed in action after the terrorist attacks on 11 September 2001.[7]
  • Private Walter Brennan, three-time Academy Award–winning actor, served with the 101st in France in World War I.[8][9]
  • Ernest R. Redmond, United States Army officer who served with the 101st Field Artillery in World War I and was later Chief of the National Guard Bureau

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Special Designation Listing". United States Army Center of Military History. 21 April 2010. Archived from the original on 9 June 2010. Retrieved 14 July 2010. 
  2. ^ Kondratiuk (Col Ret), Leonid (May 2007). History of the 101st Field Artillery Regiment. 
  3. ^ Oldest Field Artillery Battalion Takes Charge at Camp Phoenix - DVIDS News
  4. ^ Seth Gitell. "HISTORY LESSON: The gangs of Boston". Boston Phoenix. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  5. ^ "Celebrating Fourth of July around the South Shore". Patriot Ledger. 30 June 2006. Retrieved 2008-01-24. 
  6. ^ "JUNE DAY PARADE AND DRUM HEAD ELECTION". Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company of Massachusetts. Archived from the original on 18 February 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-24. 
  7. ^ "New England's War Dead - Afghanistan:Sergeant Michael J. Kelley, 26, Scituate, Mass.". Boston Globe. 25 May 2004. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  8. ^ WALTER BRENNAN PAPERS, 1895–1974, Donald C. & Elizabeth M. Dickinson Research Center, National Cowboy and Western Heritage Museum
  9. ^ World War I Draft Records, Essex County, Massachusetts; Roll: 1684678; Draft Board: 24.

External links[edit]