From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Centuries:||10th century – 11th century – 12th century|
|Decades:||990s 1000s 1010s – 1020s – 1030s 1040s 1050s|
|Years:||1020 1021 1022 1023 1024 1025 1026 1027 1028 1029|
|Categories:||Births – Deaths
Establishments – Disestablishments
This is a list of events occurring in the 1020s, ordered by year.
- Goryeo and the Liao Dynasty exchange embassies following a seven-year territorial dispute.
- The massive Kandariya Mahadeva Hindu Temple is completed in the Chandela capital of Khajuraho.
- The city of Saint-Germain-en-Laye is founded.
- Henry II of Germany conducts his third Italian military campaign .
- Canute the Great codifies the laws of England.
- Seneqerim-Hovhannes of Vaspurakan surrenders his kingdom to the Byzantine Empire.
- Mahmud appoints Ayaz to the throne, making Lahore the capital of the Ghaznavid Empire.
- A Khitan princess is sent to marry into the Goryeo royal family, securing ties between the Koreans and the Liao Dynasty.
- The Song Dynasty Chinese capital city of Kaifeng has some half a million residents by this year; including all those present in the nine designated suburbs, the population is over a million people.
- The Chola Empire invades Bengal.
- Al-Muizz ibn Badis begins to rule Ifriqiya in his own right.
- The Song Dynasty Chinese military has one million registered soldiers, an increase since the turn of the 11th century when the Song military only had nine hundred thousand soldiers.
- Byzantine emperor Basil II defeats George I of Georgia.
- Failed rebellion of Nikephoros Phokas Barytrachelos and Nikephoros Xiphias against Basil II.
- Aethelnoth, Archbishop of Canterbury, is received at Rome.
- Several Catharists are killed in Toulouse.
- The Synod of Pavia issues decrees against non-celibate clergy and against simony.
- Robert II the Pious burns some canons of St. Croix in Orléans, for holding that the world is inherently evil.
- The Judge-Governor of Seville takes advantage of the disintegration of the Caliphate of Córdoba, and seizes power as Abbad I, thus founding the Abbadid dynasty.
- Abd ar-Rahman V is proclaimed Caliph at Córdoba.
- Soon after returning from Mecca, the Tarsina king of Zanata, a mountain kingdom between Algeria and Morocco, is killed in battle.
- The Salian Dynasty of the Holy Roman Empire is founded by Conrad II.
- April 19 – Pope John XIX succeeds Pope Benedict VIII (his brother) as the 144th pope.
- After several years in the Peninsula, Roger of Toeni, a Norman knight, leaves the battlefields of the Ebro Valley and heads back to France. It ends what historians have described as an early crusade.
- The world's first paper-printed money, which later greatly benefits the economy of the Song Dynasty, originates in the Sichuan province of China.
- Emperor Mahmud of Ghazni sacks the Hindu religious center of Somnath, slaughtering over 50,000 people and carrying off vast amounts of treasure.
- April 18 – Bolesław I Chrobry is crowned as the first king of Poland.
- Failure of the North African Zirid dynasty's attempts to retake Sicily.
- Byzantines abduct Arabs Messina before the death of Emperor Basil II.
- Srivijaya, a partly Buddhist kingdom based in Sumatra, is attacked by the Chola Empire of southern India in a dispute over trading rights in South-east Asia. It survives, but declines in importance.
- Constantine VIII succeeds his brother Basil II as Byzantine Emperor.
- Aribert (archbishop of Milan), crowns Conrad II King of Italy.
- Pietro Barbolano becomes Doge of Venice.
- Henry the black is made Henry VI, Duke of Bavaria by his father, Conrad II.
- The Battle of the Helgeå is fought off the coast of Sweden: naval forces of Cnut the Great's North Sea Empire defeat the combined Swedish and Norwegian royal fleets.
- A Zubu revolt against the Liao Dynasty is suppressed, with the Zubu forced to pay an annual tribute.
- March 26 – Pope John XIX crowns Conrad II Holy Roman Emperor.
- May 14 – Henry I is crowned king of France at Reims Cathedral.
- approx. date – Ealdred becomes abbot of Tavistock in England.
- August 16 – Bagrat IV becomes king of Georgia on the death of his father. He will hold the throne until his own death in 1072.
- Civil war begins in Japan.
- This is the first year of the first rabqung (60-year) cycle started in the Tibetan calendar.
- As recorded in the Song Shi, the Song Dynasty Chinese engineer Yan Su reinvents the 3rd-century south-pointing chariot, a mechanical-driven compass vehicle.
- Publication of The Book of Healing (Arabic: کتاب الشفاء Kitab Al-Shifaʾ, Latin: Sufficientia), a comprehensive scientific and philosophical encyclopedia written by the Persian polymath Avicenna (Abū ʿAlī ibn Sīnā).
- April 14 – Henry III, son of Conrad II, is elected king of the Germans.
- King Sancho III of Navarre conquers Castile.
- Cnut becomes King of Norway
- November 12 – Dying Emperor Constantine VIII of the Byzantine Empire marries his daughter Zoe of Byzantium to his chosen heir Romanus Argyrus.
- November 15 – Romanus Argyrus becomes Eastern Roman Emperor as Romanus III.
- Bresc, Henri (2003). "La Sicile et l'espace libyen au Moyen Age" (PDF). Retrieved 17 January 2012.
- Boissonade, B. "Les premières croisades françaises en Espagne. Normands, Gascons, Aquitains et Bourguignons (1018-1032)". Bulletin Hispanique 36 (1): 5–28. doi:10.3406/hispa.1934.2607.
- Gilbert Meynier (2010) L'Algérie cœur du Maghreb classique. De l'ouverture islamo-arabe au repli (658-1518). Paris: La Découverte; pp.50.
- Dated 1025 by the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle which gives victory to Sweden.
- Goodman, Lenn Evan (1992). Avicenna. London: Routledge. p. 31. ISBN 0-415-01929-X.