103rd New York State Legislature

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103rd New York State Legislature
NYSCapitolPanorama.jpg
New York State Capitol (2009)

Duration: January 1 – December 31, 1880

President of the State Senate: Lt. Gov. George G. Hoskins (R)
Temporary President of the State Senate: William H. Robertson (R)
Speaker of the State Assembly: George H. Sharpe (R)
Members: 32 Senators
128 Assemblymen
Senate Majority: Republican (25-7)
Assembly Majority: Republican (93-35)

Sessions
1st: January 6 – May 27, 1880
<102nd 104th>

The 103rd New York State Legislature, consisting of the New York State Senate and the New York State Assembly, met from January 6 to May 27, 1880, during the first year of Alonzo B. Cornell's governorship, in Albany.

Background[edit]

Under the provisions of the New York Constitution of 1846, 32 Senators and 128 assemblymen were elected in single-seat districts; senators for a two-year term, assemblymen for a one-year term. The senatorial districts were made up of entire counties, except New York County (seven districts) and Kings County (three districts). The Assembly districts were made up of entire towns, or city wards,[1] forming a contiguous area, all within the same county.

On April 23, 1879, the Legislature re-apportioned the Senate districts; and the Assembly seats per county. Columbia, Delaware, Madison, Oneida, Ontario and Oswego counties lost one seat each; Kings and New York counties gained three seats each.[2]

At this time there were two major political parties: the Republican Party and the Democratic Party. Tammany Hall Boss John Kelly engaged in a fierce struggle against the Democratic majority led by Samuel J. Tilden and Lucius Robinson, and ran as a "spoiler candidate" to defeat Gov. Robinson who ran for re-election.

The Prohibition Party, the Greenback Party, the Socialist Labor Party of America, the "Working Men" and the "Jeffersonian Democrats" also nominated tickets.

Elections[edit]

The New York state election, 1879 was held on November 4. Republicans Alonzo B. Cornell and George G. Hoskins were elected Governor and Lieutenant Governor. Of the other five statewide elective office up for election, four were carried by the Republicans, and one by a Democrat. The approximate party strength at this election, as expressed by the vote for Governor, was: Republican 419,000; Democratic 376,000; Tammany Hall 78,000; Greenback 20,000; and Prohibition 4,500.

Sessions[edit]

The Legislature met for the regular session at the State Capitol in Albany on January 6, 1880; and adjourned on May 27.

George H. Sharpe (R) was elected Speaker with 90 votes against 33 for John Shanley (D).

William H. Robertson was re-elected President pro tempore of the State Senate.

State Senate[edit]

Districts[edit]

  • 1st District: Queens and Suffolk counties
  • 2nd District: 1st, 2nd, 5th, 6th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 12th and 22nd Ward of the City of Brooklyn, and the towns of Flatbush, Gravesend and New Utrecht in Kings County
  • 3rd District: 3rd, 4th, 7th, 11th, 13th, 19th, 20th, 21st and 23rd Ward of the City of Brooklyn
  • 4th District: 14th, 15th, 16th, 17th, 18th, 24th and 25th Ward of the City of Brooklyn, and the towns of New Lots and Flatlands in Kings County
  • 5th District: Richmond County and the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 5th, 6th, 8th, 14th and parts of the 4th and 9th Ward of New York City
  • 6th District: 7th, 11th, 13th and part of the 4th Ward of NYC
  • 7th District: 10th, 17th and part of the 15th, 18th and 21st Ward of NYC
  • 8th District: 16th and part of the 9th, 15th, 18th, 20th and 21st Ward of NYC
  • 9th District: Part of the 18th, 19th and 21st Ward of NYC
  • 10th District: Part of the 12th, 19th, 20th, 21st and 22nd Ward of NYC
  • 11th District: 23rd and 24th, and part of the 12th, 20th and 22nd Ward of NYC
  • 12th District: Rockland and Westchester counties
  • 13th District: Orange and Sullivan counties
  • 14th District: Greene, Schoharie and Ulster counties
  • 15th District: Columbia, Dutchess and Putnam counties
  • 16th District: Rensselaer and Washington counties

Note: There are now 62 counties in the State of New York. The counties which are not mentioned in this list had not yet been established, or sufficiently organized, the area being included in one or more of the abovementioned counties.

Members[edit]

The asterisk (*) denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued in office as members of this Legislature. Jacob Seebacher, Ferdinand Eidman, Robert H. Strahan and Waters W. Braman changed from the Assembly to the Senate.

District Senator Party Notes
1st John Birdsall Republican
2nd William H. Murtha Democrat
3rd Frederick A. Schroeder Republican
4th John C. Jacobs* Democrat re-elected
5th Edward Hogan* Democrat re-elected
6th Jacob Seebacher* Democrat
7th Ferdinand Eidman* Republican
8th Robert H. Strahan* Republican unsuccessfully contested by John W. Browning (D)
9th Francis M. Bixby Democrat
10th William W. Astor Republican
11th George H. Forster Republican
12th William H. Robertson* Republican re-elected; re-elected President pro tempore
13th Edward M. Madden Republican
14th Charles A. Fowler Democrat
15th Stephen H. Wendover* Republican re-elected
16th Isaac V. Baker Jr. Republican
17th Waters W. Braman* Republican
18th Webster Wagner* Republican re-elected
19th William W. Rockwell* Republican re-elected
20th Dolphus S. Lynde* Republican re-elected
21st Bradley Winslow Republican
22nd James Stevens Democrat
23rd Albert M. Mills Republican
24th Edwin G. Halbert* Republican re-elected
25th Dennis McCarthy* Republican re-elected
26th William B. Woodin Republican
27th Ira Davenport* Republican re-elected
28th George P. Lord Republican
29th Edmund L. Pitts Republican
30th James H. Loomis* Republican re-elected
31st Benjamin H. Williams Republican
32nd Loren B. Sessions* Republican re-elected; also Supervisor of the Town of Harmony

Employees[edit]

  • Clerk: John W. Vrooman
  • Sergeant-at-Arms: John W. Corning
  • Doorkeeper: James G. Caw
  • Stenographer: Hudson C. Tanner

State Assembly[edit]

Assemblymen[edit]

The asterisk (*) denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued as members of this Legislature.

Party affiliations follow the vote for Speaker.

District Assemblymen Party Notes
Albany 1st William H. Slingerland Republican
2nd Hiram Griggs* Republican
3rd Ignatius Wiley Democrat
4th Joseph Hynes Democrat contested; seat vacated on March 11
Thomas Liddle Republican seated on March 11[3]
Allegany Samuel H. Morgan Republican
Broome Alexander E. Andrews Republican
Cattaraugus 1st Zenas G. Bullock Republican
2nd Joseph Miller Congdon Republican
Cayuga 1st Harvey D. Ferris Republican
2nd Hector H. Tuthill Republican
Chautauqua 1st Charles P. Ingersoll* Republican
2nd Smith Clark Republican
Chemung Henry C. Hoffman Democrat
Chenango Oscar H. Curtis* Republican
Clinton William P. Mooers* Republican
Columbia John Elbert Gillette Republican
Cortland Samuel A. Childs Republican
Delaware Robert Beates Republican
Dutchess 1st Isaac S. Carpenter Republican
2nd Cornelius Pitcher* Republican
Erie 1st Jules O'Brien Republican unsuccessfully contested by John McLaughlin
2nd Frank Sipp Republican
3rd James Ash Republican
4th James A. Roberts* Republican
5th Harvey J. Hurd* Republican
Essex Warren French Weston* Republican
Franklin William D. Brennan* Republican
Fulton and Hamilton David A. Wells Republican
Genesee John Sanders* Republican
Greene Albert Parker Democrat
Herkimer William D. Gorsline Republican
Jefferson 1st Charles R. Skinner* Republican
2nd John D. Ellis Democrat
Kings 1st John Shanley Democrat
2nd John McTernan Democrat
3rd Lawrence J. Tormey Democrat
4th John M. Clancy* Democrat
5th Thomas J. Sheridan* Democrat
6th Patrick J. Tully Democrat
7th George Wren Republican
8th David Lindsay Republican
9th Charles H. Russell Republican
10th Richard J. Newman Democrat
11th Daniel W. Tallmadge* Republican
12th Erastus D. Benedict Democrat
Lewis Charles A. Chickering* Republican
Livingston Archibald Kennedy Republican
Madison Gerrit Smith Miller Republican
Monroe 1st George Le Grand Seeley Republican
2nd Charles S. Baker* Republican
3rd Frederick P. Root Republican
Montgomery John Warner* Republican
New York 1st James Fitzgerald Democrat
2nd Thomas P. Walsh Democrat
3rd George P. Gibbs Democrat
4th John Henry McCarthy Democrat
5th Warren C. Bennett Democrat
6th Patrick O'Connor Democrat
7th Isaac Israel Hayes* Republican
8th John E. Brodsky Republican
9th George B. Deane, Sr.* Republican
10th Edward Grosse Republican
11th James M. Varnum* Republican
12th Louis Cohen Democrat
13th Charles Holland Duell Republican
14th James J. Costello Democrat
15th Michael J. Dougherty* Democrat
16th Edward P. Hagan* Democrat
17th Frank P. Treanor Democrat
18th William Cushing Democrat
19th Joseph J. McAvoy Democrat
20th Frederick Thilemann, Jr. Democrat
21st Edward Mitchell Republican
22nd John T. McDonald Democrat
23rd Nathaniel B. Terpeny Democrat
24th James L. Wells* Republican previously a member from Westchester Co.
Niagara 1st Thomas N. Van Valkenburgh* Republican
2nd James Low* Republican
Oneida 1st Henry J. Cookinham Republican
2nd James A. Douglass Republican
3rd David Gray Republican
Onondaga 1st Thomas G. Alvord* Republican
2nd Albert Howland Republican
3rd Henry L. Duguid* Republican
Ontario Charles R. Case* Republican
Orange 1st Morgan Shuit* Republican
2nd James E. Waterbury Republican
Orleans Marcus H. Phillips Republican
Oswego 1st Patrick W. Cullinan Republican
2nd William H. Steele* Republican
Otsego 1st Azro Chase* Republican
2nd Nathan Bridges* Republican
Putnam George McCabe Republican
Queens 1st William J. Youngs* Republican
2nd B. Valentine Clowes Republican
Rensselaer 1st La Mott W. Rhodes[4] Democrat
2nd Albert C. Comstock Republican
3rd Barnis C. Strait Democrat
Richmond Oliver Fiske Republican
Rockland James W. Husted* Republican
St. Lawrence 1st Daniel Peck* Republican
2nd Worth Chamberlain Republican
3rd Ebenezer S. Crapser Republican
Saratoga 1st Benjamin F. Baker Republican
2nd Delcour S. Potter Republican
Schenectady Arthur D. Mead Democrat
Schoharie Robert Grant Havens Democrat
Schuyler Lewis Beach Republican
Seneca David H. Evans* Republican
Steuben 1st John W. Davis Republican
2nd Russell M. Tuttle Republican
Suffolk Everett A. Carpenter Republican
Sullivan Alpheus Potts Republican
Tioga Edward G. Nowlan Republican
Tompkins Charles M. Titus* Republican
Ulster 1st George H. Sharpe* Republican elected Speaker
2nd Peter D. Lefever Republican
3rd Thomas E. Benedict Democrat
Warren Henry P. Gwinup Democrat
Washington 1st Hiram Sisson Republican
2nd George L. Terry* Republican
Wayne 1st Alfred P. Crafts Republican
2nd Jefferson Sherman* Republican
Westchester 1st David Ogden Bradley*[5] Republican
2nd William H. Catlin Democrat
3rd David W. Travis* Republican
Wyoming Orange L. Tozier* Republican
Yates Asa P. Fish Republican

Employees[edit]

  • Clerk: Edward M. Johnson
  • Sergeant-at-Arms: Sidney M. Robinson
  • Doorkeeper: Henry Wheeler
  • First Assistant Doorkeeper: Michael Maher
  • Second Assistant Doorkeeper: John W. Wheeler
  • Stenographer: Worden E. Payne

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Except New York City where the wards were apportioned into election districts, and then some whole wards and some election districts of other wards were gerrymandered together into Assembly districts.
  2. ^ THE APPORTIONMENT BILL in NYT on April 21, 1879
  3. ^ see A Compilation of Cases of Contested Elections to Seats in the Assembly of the State of New York (1899; pg. 589–595)
  4. ^ La Mott W. Rhodes, of Troy, died March 1, 1890, in St. Helena, California
  5. ^ David Ogden Bradley (born 1827), son of Henry Bradley, the Liberty Party candidate for Governor at the New York state election, 1846

Sources[edit]