104th Ohio Infantry

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104th Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry
Active 1862–1865
Country United States of America
Allegiance Union
Branch Volunteer Army, American Civil War
Type Infantry
Size 1000 soldiers at enlistment
Part of regiment
Engagements Defense of Cincinnati
East Tennessee Campaign
Atlanta Campaign
Franklin-Nashville Campaign
Carolinas Campaign

The 104th Ohio Volunteer Infantry was an infantry regiment in the Union army during the American Civil War. It played a conspicuous role at the Battle of Franklin during the 1864 Franklin-Nashville Campaign, where six members later received the Medal of Honor, most for capturing enemy flags.

Organization[edit]

The 104the OVI was organized at Camp Massillon on August 30, 1862, under Col. James W. Reilly in response to a need for additional three-years regiments.

  • Company A
  • Company B
  • Company C
  • Company D: Captain Marcus C. Horton
  • Company E
  • Company F: Captain Joseph F. Riddle
  • Company G
  • Company H
  • Company I
  • Company K

Among the nearly one thousand recruits in the 104th OVI was future United States Congressman Laurin D. Woodworth.

Service record[edit]

The regiment moved to Covington, Kentucky, on September 1, 1862, in preparation for the Defense of Cincinnati against a threatened Confederate invasion by troops under Edmund Kirby Smith. It was involved in the subsequent skirmish at Fort Mitchel in northern Kentucky.

The regiment spent 1863 in Kentucky and then moved to East Tennessee until April 1864. It then was reassigned to duty as part of the XXIII Corps in during the Defense of Knoxville, TN and the Atlanta Campaign. The Regiment was a key element in the assautly of the 1st Brigade, 3rd Division assault at Utoy Creek on August 6, 1864, with 35 casualtuies, during the battle of Utoy Creek and operations against East Point. The regiment encamped at Mt Gillead, Churgch on 29 July 1864. The regiment successfully cut the Atlanta and Macon Railroad on 30 July 1864 as a part of the movement on Jonesboro. The regiment escaped with Schofields army at Sprinmg hill and was victorious over the confederates at their direct assault at Franklin, TN against the same troops for which they fought in August 1864. Successfully defeated Hood's forces at Nashville in Dec 1864. Georgia, Washington D.C., and finally North Carolina for the Carolinas Campaign.

The 104th OVI mustered out of the army on June 17, 1865.

During its term of service, the regiment had 3 officers and 46 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded in combat. It also lost 4 officers and 130 enlisted men by disease, for a total of 183 fatalities out of the 1,740 men who served at various times in the regiment.[1]

List of Medal of Honor Recipients from the 104th OVI[edit]

The Battle cry at Franklin was "Remember Utoy Creek"

Six men from the regiment were recipients of the Medal of Honor for gallantry at Franklin:

  • Joseph Davis: Rank and organization: Corporal, Company C. Place and date: At Franklin, Tenn., 30 November 1864. Entered service at: ---. Birth: Wales. Date of issue: 4 February 1865. Citation: Capture of flag.[2]
  • John C. Gaunt: Rank and organization: Private, Company G. Place and date: At Franklin, Tenn., 30 November 1864. Entered service at: Damascoville, Ohio. Birth: Columbiana County, Ohio. Date of issue: 13 February 1865. Citation: Capture of flag.
  • Abraham Greenawalt: Rank and organization: Private, Company G. Place and date: At Franklin, Tenn., 30 November 1864. Entered service at: Salem, Ohio. Birth: Montgomery County, Pa. Date of issue: 13 February 1865. Citation: Capture of corps headquarters flag (C.S.A.).
  • Newton H. Hall: Rank and organization: Corporal, Company I. Place and date: At Franklin, Tenn., 30 November 1864. Entered service at: ---. Birth: Portage County, Ohio. Date of issue: 13 February 1865. Citation: Capture of flag, believed to have belonged to Stewart's Corps (C.S.A.).
  • George V. Kelley: Rank and organization: Captain, Company A. Place and date: At Franklin, Tenn., 30 November 1864. Entered service at: Massillon, Ohio. Born: 23 March 1843, Massillon, Ohio. Date of issue: 13 February 1865. Citation: Capture of flag supposed to be of Cheatham's Corps (C.S.A.).
  • John H. Ricksecker: Rank and organization: Private, Company D. Place and date: At Franklin, Tenn., 30 November 1864. Entered service at: ---. Birth: Springfield, Ohio. Date of issue: 3 February 1865. Citation: Capture of flag of 16th Alabama Artillery (C.S.A.).

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Smith, Barbara Bentley and Nina Bentley Baker, editors, Burning Rails As We Pleased: The Civil War Letters of William Garrigues Bentley, 104th Ohio Volunteer Infantry. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, 2004. ISBN 978-0-7864-1659-2.
  • [History of the 104th Regiment of Ohio Volunteer Infantry, 1886]