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This article is about the year 1056.
|Centuries:||10th century – 11th century – 12th century|
|Decades:||1020s 1030s 1040s – 1050s – 1060s 1070s 1080s|
|Years:||1053 1054 1055 – 1056 – 1057 1058 1059|
|1056 by topic|
|Lists of leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||1809|
|Bahá'í calendar||−788 – −787|
|English Regnal year||N/A|
|Chinese calendar||乙未年 (Wood Goat)
3752 or 3692
— to —
丙申年 (Fire Monkey)
3753 or 3693
|- Vikram Samvat||1112–1113|
|- Shaka Samvat||978–979|
|- Kali Yuga||4157–4158|
|Japanese calendar||Tengi 4
|Minguo calendar||856 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||1599|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1056.|
- Anselm leaves Italy.
- Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor, becomes King of Germany.
- Ottokar, Count of Steyr, becomes Margrave of the Karantanian March, later known as Styria.
- The Pagoda of Fugong Temple of Shanxi in northern China is built during the Liao Dynasty. Work begins on the Pizhi Pagoda of Lingyan Temple, Shandong, China, under the opposing Song Dynasty.
- The Muslims expel 300 Christians from Jerusalem, and European Christians are forbidden to enter the Church of the Holy Sepulcher.
- Macedonian dynasty ends in Byzantine Empire.
- August 31 – Theodora, Empress of the Eastern Roman Empire (b. 981)
- October 5 – Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1017)
- Abu L'Ala al-Ma'arri, Syrian poet