|Cardinal||one hundred five|
(one hundred and fifth)
|Factorization||3 × 5 × 7|
|Divisors||1, 3, 5, 7, 15, 21, 35, 105|
105 is a triangular number, a dodecagonal number and a Zeisel number. It is a sphenic number, and is the product of three consecutive prime numbers. 105 is the double factorial of 7. It is also the sum of the first five square pyramidal numbers.
105 comes in the middle of the prime quadruplet (101, 103, 107, 109). The only other such odd numbers less than a thousand are 15, 195 and 825. 105 is also a pseudoprime to the prime bases 13, 29, 41, 43, 71, 83 and 97. The distinct prime factors of 105 add up to 15, and so do those of 104, hence the two numbers form a Ruth-Aaron pair under the first definition.
105 is also a number n for which is prime, for . (This even works up to , ignoring the negative sign.)
105 is the smallest integer such that the factorization of over Q includes coefficients other than . In other words, the 105th cyclotomic polynomial, Φ105, is the first with coefficients other than .
In other fields
105 is also:
- A simple card game where players lose if they have over 105 points.
- A Shimano Road groupset since 1984
- Wells, D. The Penguin Dictionary of Curious and Interesting Numbers London: Penguin Group. (1987): 134