105th Cavalry Regiment

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105th Cavalry Regiment
105CavalryRegtCOA.jpg
coat of arms
Active various
Country  United States
Branch Wisconsin Army National Guard
Size Regiment
U.S. Cavalry Regiments
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104th Cavalry Regiment 106th Cavalry Regiment


The 105th Cavalry Regiment is a regiment in the United States Army National Guard.

The Regiment has been formed three times, and due to the complicated lineage system of the United States Army, all three formations are now considered as completely separate units. The first formation later became the 126th Field Artillery Regiment (United States). The second was initially formed as the 132nd Tank Battalion.

Lineage 1[edit]

  • MOTTO; FOLLOW ME

see 126FARegtCOA.jpg 126th Field Artillery Regiment (United States)

Lineage 2[edit]

  • MOTTO; OUT IN FRONT

Constituted 3 December 1941 in the regular army as the 632nd Tank Destroyer Battalion. Activated 15 December 1941 at Camp Livingston, La. with Wisconsin National guard personnel from the 32nd Infantry Division. Inactivated 1 January 1946 at Camp Stoneman, Ca. Redisgnated 132nd Heavy Tank Battalion, and allotted to the Wisconsin National Guard and assigned to the 32nd division 1 February 1949. Organized and Federally recognized 15 November 1949 with Headquarters at Merrill. Reorganized and redesignated 1 February 1953 as the 132nd Tank Battalion (90mm). Relieved from the 32nd Infantry division, Reorganized and redesignated 15 February 1959 as the 105th Armor, a parent regiment under the Combat Arms Regimental system.

Constituted in the Wisconsin Army National guard as 2nd Reconnaissance Squadron, 105th Armor, a parent Regiment under the Combat Arms Regimental System, assigned to the 32nd Infantry Division (United States) and organized 15 February 1959 from existing units with Headquarters at Sparta. Ordered into active Federal service 15 October 1961 at Sparta; released from active Federal service and reverted to state control 10 August 1962.
Reorganized and redesignated 1 April 1963 as the 105th Cavalry, a parent Regiment under the Combat Arms Regimental System, to consist of the 1st squadron, an element of the 32nd Infantry Division with headquarters in Sparta. Reorganized 30 December 1967 to consist of Troop E, an element of the 32nd Infantry Brigade Combat Team (United States), at Baraboo. Withdrawn 1 June 1989 from the Combat Arms Regimental System and reorganized under the United States Army Regimental System. with Headquarters in Milwaukee.

Lineage 3[edit]

105CavalryRegtCOA.jpg Constituted 1 September 2007 in the Wisconsin Army National Guard as the 105th Cavalry Regiment, a parent regiment under the United States Army Regimental System, and organized from new and existing units to consist of the 1st Squadron

Campaign participation credit[edit]

Headquarters Troop, 1st Squadron (Madison), additionally entitled to:

  • Southwest Asia
  • Liberation and Defense of Kuwait
  • Cease-Fire
  • War on Terrorism
  • Global War on Terrorism

Troop A, 1st Squadron (Fort Atkinson), additionally entitled to:

  • World War II
  • Papua
  • New Guinea
  • Leyte
  • Luzon
  • War on Terrorism
  • Global War on Terrorism

Troop B, 1st Squadron (Watertown), additionally entitled to:

  • World War II
  • Papua
  • New Guinea
  • Leyte
  • Luzon
  • War on Terrorism
  • Global War on Terrorism

Troop C, 1st Squadron (Reedsburg), additionally entitled to:

  • World War I
  • Aisne-Marne
  • Oise-Aisne
  • Meuse-Argonne
  • Alsace 1918
  • Champagne 1918
  • World War II
  • Papua
  • New Guinea
  • Leyte
  • Luzon
  • War on Terrorism
  • Global War on Terrorism

Decorations[edit]

Headquarters Troop, 1st Squadron (Madison), additionally entitled to:

Troop A, 1st Squadron (Fort Atkinson) additionally entitled to:

Troop B, 1st Squadron (Watertown), additionally entitled to:

  • Presidential Unit Citation (Army), Streamer embroidered LEYTE

Troop C, 1st Squadron (Reedsburg), additionally entitled to:

  • Presidential Unit Citation, Streamer embroidered PAPUA
  • French Croix de Guerre with Palm, World War I, Streamer embroidered OISE-AISNE
  • Philippine Presidential Unit Citation, Streamer embroidered 17 OCTOBER 1944 TO 4 JULY 1945

Distinctive Unit Insignia[edit]

  • Description

A Gold color metal and enamel device 1 18 inches (2.9 cm) in height overall consisting of a shield blazoned: Per pale Or and Azure three chevronels counterchanged of the field, in dexter chief a horse’s head erased within an annulet Sable, a fleur-de-lis in sinister chief of the first detailed of the second, in sinister base a Philippine sun symbol of the first and a scimitar in dexter base bendwise sinister point to nombril of the third, in pale an arrow point up passing through a humet Gules. Attached below a Blue scroll inscribed “SEMPER PORRO” in Gold.

  • Symbolism

Gold or yellow is the primary branch color for Cavalry signifying the four virtues of nobleness, goodwill, vigor and magnanimity. It represents the sun, fire, Sunday, honor, majesty, royalty, riches and wisdom. Dark blue is the primary branch color of Infantry signifying renown and beauty, the sapphire, Venus, air, Friday, calm seas, charity, cold, constancy, devotion, justice, loyalty, piety, sincerity, the sky, thinking and truth. The chevronels represent the three most recent overseas conflicts the unit served in (World War I, World War II and the Iraq War). The horse’s head within the annulet is from the Light Horse Squadron, First Wisconsin Cavalry organized in Milwaukee in 1880. The fleur-de-lis signifies World War I combat operations in France. The Philippine sun represents World War II combat operations in the Pacific. The scimitar symbolizes participation in the Iraq War. The red arrow is taken from the insignia of the 32d Infantry Brigade Combat Team. Red signifies valiance and represents a ruby, fire, Saturday, blood of life, boldness, Christ, courage, hardiness, liberty, passion, patriotism, the planet Mars, sentiment, strength, valor, warmth and zeal. The shield is taken from the shield of the Wisconsin State seal. The motto translates to “Ever Forward or Always Forward.”

  • Background

The distinctive unit insignia was approved on 21 April 2011.

Coat Of arms[edit]

Blazon[edit]

  • Shield

Per pale Or and Azure three chevronels counterchanged of the field, in dexter chief a horse’s head erased Sable detailed Silver Gray within an annulet of the third, a fleur-de-lis in sinister chief of the first detailed of the second, in sinister base a Philippine sun symbol of the first, a scimitar in dexter base bendwise sinister point to nombril Proper, in pale an arrow point up passing through a humet Gules. Crest That for the regiments and separate battalions of the Wisconsin Army National Guard: From a wreath Or and Azure, a badger couchant Proper.

  • Motto SEMPER PORRO (Ever Forward or Always Forward).

Symbolism[edit]

  • Shield

Yellow is the primary branch color for Cavalry and blue is the primary branch color for Infantry. Yellow represents honor and wisdom while blue is representative of constancy, loyalty, and truth; all attributes of those who serve in the Regiment. The chevronels represent the three most recent overseas conflicts the unit served in (World War I, World War II and the Iraq War). The horse’s head within the annulet is from the Light Horse Squadron, First Wisconsin Cavalry organized in Milwaukee in 1880. The fleur-de-lis signifies World War I combat operations in France. The Philippine sun represents World War II combat operations in the Pacific. The scimitar symbolizes participation in the Iraq War. The red arrow is taken from the insignia of the 32d Infantry Brigade Combat Team. Red signifies courage, strength, and valor.

  • Crest

The crest is that of the Wisconsin Army National Guard.

Background[edit]

The coat of arms was approved on 21 April 2011.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Army Institute of Heraldry document "105th Cavalry".

External links[edit]