108 Martyrs of World War II

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108 Martyrs of World War II
John Paul II Polish Parliament 1999.jpg
John Paul II during his return visits to Poland in June 1999, Warsaw
Born of Polish nationality
Died in 1939–1945
Martyred by German Nazis
Venerated in Roman Catholic Church
Beatified

13 June 1999, Warsaw, Poland

by Pope John Paul II
Feast 12 June
Notable martyrs Antoni Julian Nowowiejski
Jan Franciszek Czartoryski
Hilary Paweł Januszewski
Józef Cebula

The 108 Martyrs of World War II, known also as 108 Blessed Polish Martyrs (Polish: 108 błogosławionych męczenników), were Roman Catholics from Poland killed during World War II by the Nazis.

Their liturgical feast day is 12 June. The 108 were beatified on 13 June 1999 by Pope John Paul II at Warsaw, Poland. The group comprises 3 bishops, 52 priests, 26 members of male religious, 3 seminarians, 8 female religious and 9 lay people. There are two parishes named for the 108 Martyrs of World War II in Powiercie in Koło County, and in Malbork, Poland.[1]

List of names[edit]

Bishops[edit]

  • Antoni Julian Nowowiejski, (1858–1941 KL Działdowo), bishop
  • Leon Wetmański, (1886–1941 KL Działdowo), bishop
  • Władysław Goral, (1898–1945 KL Sachsenhausen), bishop

Priests[edit]

Bronisław Komorowski, a priest murdered on 22 March 1940 in the Stutthof concentration camp.
Józef Kowalski, priest beaten to death on 3 July 1942 in the KL Auschwitz concentration camp.[3]

Religious Brothers[edit]

Nuns and Religious Sisters[edit]

Alicja Jadwiga Kotowska, a nun killed in 1939 in the mass murders in Piaśnica.
  • Alicja Maria Jadwiga Kotowska, sister (1899–1939, executed at Piaśnica, Pomerania)
  • Ewa Noiszewska, sister (1885–1942, executed at Góra Pietrelewicka near Slonim, Belarus)
  • Julia Rodzińska, Dominican sister (1899–20 February 1945 KL Stutthof); she died having contracted typhoid serving the Jewish women prisoners in a hut for which she had volunteered.
  • Katarzyna Celestyna Faron (1913–1944 KL Auschwitz); (1913–1944), had offered her life for the conversion of an Old Catholic bishop Władysław Faron (no relation). She was arrested by the Gestapo and condemned to Auschwitz camp. She put up heroically with all the abuses of the camp and died on Easter Sunday 1944. The bishop later returned to the Catholic Church).
  • Maria Antonina Kratochwil, SSND nun (1881–1942) died as a result of the torture she endured while imprisoned in Stanisławów.
  • Maria Klemensa Staszewska, (1890–1943 KL Auschwitz)
  • Marta Wołowska, (1879–1942, executed at Góra Pietrelewicka near Slonim, Belarus)
  • Mieczysława Kowalska, sister (1902–1941 KL Dzialdowo)

Roman Catholic Laity[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Terry Jones, Listing of the names of all 108 martyrs beatified 13 June 1999 by Pope John Paul II at Warsaw, Poland; CatholicForum.com website. Internet Archive.
  2. ^ "Oblate Profile - Blessed Jozef Cebula, O.M.I.". The Missionary Oblates of Mary Immaculate. Retrieved 5 November 2011. 
  3. ^ Terry Jones, Jozef Kowalski beatified 13 June 1999 by Pope John Paul II at Warsaw, Poland; CatholicForum.com website. Internet Archive.