10 + 2
United States Customs and Border Protection (CBP) has announced a new rule, known as the Importer Security Filing (ISF) or more commonly called 10+2; which requires containerized cargo information, for security purposes, to be transmitted to the agency at least 24 hours (19 CFR section 149.2(b) before goods are loaded onto an ocean vessel headed to the U.S. (i.e. mother vessel, not feeder vessel) for shipment into the U.S. 10+2 is pursuant to section 203 of the SAFE Port Act, and requires importers to provide 10 data elements to CBP, as well as 2 more data docments (Container Status Messages and the vessel's Stow Plan)from the carrier.
The new rule, published on November 26, 2008, went into effect on January 26, 2009. CBP is taking a phased-in approach in terms of implementation and enforcement. During the first 12 months, importers will be warned of infractions instead of being fined, with the hope that the importers will establish a filing system. All ISF filings are required to be submitted electronically via the Automated Broker Interface (ABI) or the Automated Manifest System (AMS). After the phase-in period, on January 26, 2010, 10+2 will officially be effective and importers will be required to comply. If compliance is not met, they can face fines up to $5,000 for each violation.
The following 10 data elements are required from the importer:
- Manufacturer (or supplier) name and address
- Seller (or owner) name and address
- Buyer (or owner) name and address
- Ship-to name and address
- Container stuffing location
- Consolidator (stuffer) name and address
- Importer of record number/foreign trade zone applicant identification number
- Consignee number(s)
- Country of origin
- Commodity Harmonized Tariff Schedule number to six (6) digits
From the carrier, 2 data elements are required:
- Vessel stow plan
- Container status messages
The above information is required for the Department of Homeland Security to "push out" U.S. borders. Collecting information on foreign imports 24 hours prior to the goods leaving the port of lading allows CBP to further secure U.S. ports of entry against acts of terrorism.
An automated 10+2 solution takes electronic data, sent from supply chain partners, and maps it to the requested data elements required by CBP. The filing of this information is known by CBP as the Importer Security Filing. With an automated solution, importers utilize the software to:
- Access trading partners and view/edit their information
- Load data from electronic files or allow for manual entry of data
- Notify users automatically when work needs to be completed for filing purposes
- Connect to CBP, allowing the importer to file the ISF
- Validate classification data for all filings before transmitting to CBP
- Designate fields to automatically populate with consistent data across all filings for a company
- Track the events of a shipment and coinciding ISF data elements triggered by those events
The importer is ultimately responsible for filing the required data elements or trusting a third party, such as a broker or a Freight forwarder, to submit the appropriate product information., or using an automation system provided by companies which offer ERP system to help manage electronic filing requirements of customs of other countries, such as SAP, management dynamics, to submit the appropriate product information.
- US Customs and Border Protection (February 12, 2009) "10 + 2" Program. Retrieved March 18, 2009.
- 3CE 10 + 2 Initiative (January 22, 2009) http://www.3ceonline.com/10-plus-2.php . Accessed 2009-06-23. Archived 2009-06-25.
- Irmen, Melissa. (March 2009)"10 Ways to Reduce the Cost and Risk of Global Trade Management" Journal of Commerce. Retrieved April 15, 2009.