10 Janpath is a house on Janpath road, New Delhi. It is presently the official residence of Sonia Gandhi, the President of Indian National Congress party (INC). The national headquarters of Indian National Congress is right behind it on 24, Akbar Road.
It was residence of India's second Prime Minister, Lal Bahadur Shastri (1964-1966) and where his body lay in state on January 11, 1966. Today his biographical museum, Lal Bhadur Shastri Memorial at 1, Moti Lal Nehru Place (formerly 10 Janpath), adjacent to the complex.
The house was the residence of Prime Minister, Lal Bahadur Shastri who succeeded Jawaharlal Nehru in 1960s, in fact adjacent to the complex, facing the roundabout is Lal Bhadur Shastri Memorial at 1, Moti Lal Nehru Place., the rest had gone to Congress party. In fact in 1990s, when the Congress under Rajiv Gandhi, supported Chandra Shekhar as PM, Rajiv offered 10 Janpath to L. K. Advani, then Leader of Opposition in the Parliament, so "that the opposition leader can have a permanent address". But Advani "saying he was happy at his Pandara Road residence where he had been living for long." 
A place of tightened security, the house became synonymous with the centre of power when the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi had concentrated all her powers. Media reports of any decision taken by her used to mention "10 Janpath", indirectly referring to first Indira Gandhi, then Rajiv Gandhi and now Sonia Gandhi.
Today the word "10 Janpath", as become synonymous with the Sonia Gandhi, in political parlance, especially when used in conjunction with its power tussle with 7 Race Course Road e.g. 10 Janpath V/s 7 Race Course Road or ‘10, Janpath more important than 7, Race Course’.
- Sonia Gandhi's power bill: over Rs 7 lakh for 3 years. Hindustan Times. 7 November 2010.
- Saeed Naqvi (Dec 12, 2003). "The world according to Sonia". Indian Express.
- Indian National Congress Indian National Congress website.
- Rajeshwar Prasad (1991). Days with Lal Bahadur Shastri: Glimpses from The Last Seven Years. Allied Publishers. p. 16. ISBN 81-7023-331-3.
- "Can the Congress be saved by its new leaders?". Rediff.com. January 2010.
- "Lest we FORGET...". The Hindu. Oct 02, 2004.
- "Shastri memorial losing out to Sonia security". Indian Express. Jan 17 2011.
- "Guess who didn’t live at 10 Janpath". Indian Express. Nov 24 2008.
- "10 Janpath V/s 7 Race Course Road". Outlook (magazine). Apr 04, 2007.
- "Prime Minister’s office devalued: Advani". DNA (newspaper). Nov 21, 2008.
- "‘10, Janpath more important than 7, Race Course’". Indian Express. Mar 14, 2008.
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