10 micrometres

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1 E-6 m 1 E-5 m 1 E-4 m 1 E-3 m 1 E-2 m 1 E-1 m 1 E0 m 1 E1 m 1 E2 m 1 E3 m 1 E4 m 1 E5 m
A clickable mosaic of objects
at scales within direct human experience, from the micrometric (10−6 m, top left) to the multi-kilometric (105 m, bottom right).
Comparison of sizes of semiconductor manufacturing process nodes with some microscopic objects and visible light wavelengths. At this scale, the width of a human hair is about 10 times that of the image.[1]

To help compare different orders of magnitude, this page lists lengths between 10−5 m and 10−4 m (10 µm and 100 µm).

Distances shorter than 10 µm

  • 10 µm — width of cotton fibre[2]
  • 10 µm — transistor width of the Intel 4004, the world's first commercial microprocessor
  • 10 µm — mean longest dimension of a human red blood cell
  • 5–20 µm — dust mite excreta[3]
  • 10.6 µm — wavelength of light emitted by a carbon dioxide laser
  • 15 µm — width of silk fibre
  • 17 µm — minimum width of a strand of human hair[4]
  • 17.6 µm — one twip, a unit of length in typography
  • 10 to 55 µm — width of wool fibre[2]
  • 25.4 µm — 1/1000 inch, commonly referred to as 1 mil in the U.S. and 1 thou in the UK
  • 50 µm — typical length of Euglena gracilis, a flagellate protist
  • 50 µm — typical length of a human liver cell, an average-sized body cell

Distances longer than 100 µm

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Graham T. Smith (2002). Industrial metrology. Springer. p. 253. ISBN 978-1-85233-507-6. 
  2. ^ a b IST - Innovative Sintering Technologies Ltd. "Fibreshape applications". Retrieved 2008-12-04. "Histogram of cotton thickness" 
  3. ^ Morton Lippmann (2000). Environmental Toxicants: Human Exposures and Their Health Effects. John Wiley and Sons. p. 453. ISBN 0-471-29298-2. ISBN 978-0-471-29298-2. Retrieved 2008-12-04. "20 µm .. 5 µm" 
  4. ^ According to The Physics Factbook, the diameter of human hair ranges from 17 to 181 µm. Ley, Brian (1999). "Width of a Human Hair". The Physics Factbook.