10th Indian Division
|10th Indian Division|
|Active||24 December 1914 – 7 March 1916|
|Branch||British Indian Army|
|Major-General A. Wilson|
The 10th Indian Division was an infantry division of the British Indian Army during World War I. It was formed in Egypt in December 1914 with three infantry brigades of Indian Expeditionary Force F. After taking part in the Actions on the Suez Canal, the division was dispersed as its brigades were posted away.
It was re-formed in January 1916 as part of the Suez Canal Defences with units and formations in Egypt, but this was short lived. It was broken up again on 7 March 1916 as the need to reform depleted units from France made this plan unrealistic.
The 28th, 29th and 30th Indian Brigades were formed in October 1914 and posted to Egypt as Indian Expeditionary Force F. The 10th Indian Division was formed on 24 December 1915 with these three brigades, and little else in terms of divisional troops. The division beat off Turkish attempts to cross the Suez Canal on 3–4 February 1915 in the Actions on the Suez Canal.
Thereafter, the division was soon dissolved with a brigade (30th) sent to Mesopotamia in March 1915, another (29th) detached to Gallipoli from April to December 1915, and the third (28th) detached to Aden from July to September 1915, before it also departed for Mesopotamia in November.
Order of Battle, January 1915
- 28th Indian Brigade (Major-General Sir G. Younghusband)[a]
- 29th Indian Brigade (Brigadier-General H.V. Cox)[b]
- 30th Indian Brigade (Major-General C.J. Melliss)[c]
- Divisional troops
The division was re-formed on 7 January 1916 as part of the Suez Canal Defences with units and formations in Egypt: 20th Indian Brigade joined from 7th (Meerut) Division, 29th Indian Brigade rejoined from Gallipoli and 31st Indian Brigade joined from 11th Indian Division. The new division was short lived: it was broken up again on 7 March 1916 as the need to reform depleted units from France made this plan unrealistic.
Order of Battle, January 1916
The division commanded the following units in January 1916:
- 20th Indian Brigade (Brigadier-General H.D. Watson)[f]
- 29th Indian Brigade (Brigadier-General P.C. Palin)[f]
- 31st Indian Brigade (Brigadier-General A.H. Bingley)[h]
- Divisional Troops
- Mounted Troops
- 10th Company, 2nd Queen's Own Sappers and Miners
- Field Ambulances
- 105th Indian Field Ambulance
- 108th Indian Field Ambulance
- 123rd Indian Field Ambulance
- 135th Indian Field Ambulance
- 28th Indian Brigade was formed in October 1914. It was detached to Aden from July to September 1915 (with B Battery HAC and Berkshire RHA). It departed for Mesopotamia in November and joined 7th (Meerut) Division in December.
- 29th Indian Brigade was formed in October 1914. It raided Sheikh Saiad on 10 November 1914 en route to Egypt. It was detached to Gallipoli from April to December 1915 as Indian Expeditionary Force G, attached to the British 29th Division.
- 30th Indian Brigade was formed in October 1914. It was sent to Mesopotamia in March 1915 where it joined 12th Indian Division and later 6th (Poona) Division.
- Detached to Gallipoli from April to December 1915.
- Served in Gallipoli with 29th Indian Brigade.
- 20th and 29th Indian Brigades became independent in March 1916.
- 1st and 2nd Battalions, 39th Garhwal Rifles amalgamated in April 1915.
- 31st Indian Brigade was broken up on 13 February 1916.
- Perry, F.W. (1993). Order of Battle of Divisions Part 5B. Indian Army Divisions. Newport, Gwent: Ray Westlake Military Books. ISBN 1-871167-23-X.
- Rinaldi, Richard A (2008). Order of Battle of the British Army 1914. Ravi Rikhye. ISBN 978-0-97760728-0.
- Sumner, Ian (2001). The Indian Army 1914-1947. Oxford: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 1-84176-196-6.