10th Indian Division

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For the World War II formation, see 10th Indian Infantry Division.
10th Indian Division
Active 24 December 1914 – 7 March 1916
Country India
Branch British Indian Army
Type Infantry
Size Division
Engagements

World War I

Sinai and Palestine Campaign
Actions on the Suez Canal
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Major-General A. Wilson

The 10th Indian Division was an infantry division of the British Indian Army during World War I. It was formed in Egypt in December 1914 with three infantry brigades of Indian Expeditionary Force F. After taking part in the Actions on the Suez Canal, the division was dispersed as its brigades were posted away.

It was re-formed in January 1916 as part of the Suez Canal Defences with units and formations in Egypt, but this was short lived. It was broken up again on 7 March 1916 as the need to reform depleted units from France made this plan unrealistic.

The division was commanded throughout its existence by Major-General Alexander Wilson.[1]

History[edit]

First formation[edit]

The 28th, 29th and 30th Indian Brigades were formed in October 1914[2] and posted to Egypt as Indian Expeditionary Force F.[3] The 10th Indian Division was formed on 24 December 1915 with these three brigades, and little else in terms of divisional troops. The division beat off Turkish attempts to cross the Suez Canal on 3–4 February 1915 in the Actions on the Suez Canal.[4]

Thereafter, the division was soon dissolved with a brigade (30th) sent to Mesopotamia in March 1915, another (29th) detached to Gallipoli from April to December 1915, and the third (28th) detached to Aden from July to September 1915, before it also departed for Mesopotamia in November.[2]

Order of Battle, January 1915[edit]

The division commanded the following units in January 1915:[5][6]

Re-formed[edit]

The division was re-formed on 7 January 1916 as part of the Suez Canal Defences with units and formations in Egypt: 20th Indian Brigade joined from 7th (Meerut) Division, 29th Indian Brigade rejoined from Gallipoli and 31st Indian Brigade joined from 11th Indian Division. The new division was short lived: it was broken up again on 7 March 1916 as the need to reform depleted units from France made this plan unrealistic.[4]

Order of Battle, January 1916[edit]

The division commanded the following units in January 1916:[6]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ 28th Indian Brigade was formed in October 1914. It was detached to Aden from July to September 1915 (with B Battery HAC and Berkshire RHA). It departed for Mesopotamia in November[2] and joined 7th (Meerut) Division in December.[7]
  2. ^ 29th Indian Brigade was formed in October 1914. It raided Sheikh Saiad on 10 November 1914 en route to Egypt.[8] It was detached to Gallipoli from April to December 1915 as Indian Expeditionary Force G, attached to the British 29th Division.[2]
  3. ^ 30th Indian Brigade was formed in October 1914. It was sent to Mesopotamia in March 1915[2] where it joined 12th Indian Division[9] and later 6th (Poona) Division.[10]
  4. ^ Detached to Gallipoli from April to December 1915.[2]
  5. ^ Served in Gallipoli with 29th Indian Brigade.[2]
  6. ^ a b 20th and 29th Indian Brigades became independent in March 1916.[2]
  7. ^ 1st and 2nd Battalions, 39th Garhwal Rifles amalgamated in April 1915.[11]
  8. ^ 31st Indian Brigade was broken up on 13 February 1916.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Perry 1993, p. 115
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Perry 1993, p. 117
  3. ^ Sumner 2001, p. 6
  4. ^ a b Perry 1993, p. 118
  5. ^ Rinaldi 2008, pp. 125–126
  6. ^ a b Perry 1993, p. 116
  7. ^ Perry 1993, p. 88
  8. ^ Perry 1993, p. 160
  9. ^ Perry 1993, p. 124
  10. ^ Perry 1993, p. 76
  11. ^ Perry 1993, p. 87

Bibliography[edit]