110th United States Congress

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110th United States Congress
109th ← → 111th
Capitol Building Full View.jpg
United States Capitol (2007)

Duration: January 3, 2007 – January 3, 2009

Senate President: Dick Cheney (R)
Senate Pres. pro tem: Robert Byrd (D)
House Speaker: Nancy Pelosi (D)
Members: 100 Senators
435 Representatives
5 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Democratic Party (coalition)
House Majority: Democratic Party

Sessions
1st: January 4, 2007 – December 19, 2007
2nd: January 3, 2008 – January 3, 2009[1]

The One Hundred Tenth United States Congress was the meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, between January 3, 2007, and January 3, 2009, during the last two years of the second term of President George W. Bush. It was composed of the Senate and the House of Representatives. The apportionment of seats in the House was based on the 2000 U.S. census.

The Democratic Party controlled a majority in both chambers for the first time since the end of the 103rd Congress in 1995. Although the Democrats held fewer than 50 Senate seats, they had an operational majority because the two independent senators caucused with the Democrats for organizational purposes. No Democratic-held seats had fallen to the Republican Party in the 2006 elections.[2] Democrat Nancy Pelosi became the first woman Speaker of the House.[3] The House also received the first Muslim (Keith Ellison)[4][5] and Buddhist (Hank Johnson and Mazie Hirono)[6] members of Congress.

Contents

Major events[edit]

Members debated initiatives such as the Democrats' 100-Hour Plan and the Iraq War troop surge of 2007.[7][8][9]

President Bush delivered the 2007 State of the Union Address on January 23, 2007
President Bush delivered the 2008 State of the Union Address on January 28, 2008

Support for the Iraq War[edit]

Following President Bush's 2007 State of the Union Address, Congress debated his proposal to create a troop surge to increase security in Iraq. The House of Representatives passed a non-binding measure opposing the surge and then a $124 billion emergency spending measure to fund the war, which included language that dictated troop levels and withdrawal schedules. President Bush, however, vetoed the bill as promised, making this his second veto while in office. Both houses of Congress subsequently passed a bill funding the war without timelines, but with benchmarks for the Iraqi government and money for other spending projects like disaster relief.

Other events[edit]

Major legislation[edit]

Contents: EnactedPending or failedVetoed

These are partial lists of prominent enacted legislation and pending bills.

See also: 2008 Congressional Record, Vol. 154, Page D845 , Resume of Congressional Activity

Enacted[edit]

House in Salinas, California under foreclosure, following the bursting of the U.S. real estate bubble.

More information: Public Laws for the 110th Congress and Complete index of Public and Private Laws for 110th Congress at GPO

Proposed, but not enacted[edit]

in (alphabetical order)

Vetoed[edit]

Treaties ratified[edit]

Select committees[edit]

Hearings[edit]

Party summary[edit]

Senate[edit]

  Democratic Party: 49 members.
  Republican Party: 49 members.
  Independents: 2 members.

Membership changed with one death and two resignations.

Affiliation Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Democratic Independent Republican Vacant
End of previous Congress 44 1 55 100 0
Begin 49 2[12][13] 49 100 0
June 4, 2007 48 99 1
June 25, 2007 49 100 0
December 18, 2007 48 99 1
December 31, 2007 49 100 0
November 16, 2008 48 99 1
Final voting share 50.5% 49.5%
Beginning of the next Congress 55 2 41 98 2

House of Representatives[edit]

Membership at the beginning of the 110th Congress:
  Democratic Party: 233 members.
  Republican Party: 202 members.

Membership fluctuated with seven deaths and eight resignations. Democrats achieved a net gain of three seats as a result of their victories in special elections. See Changes in membership, below.

Affiliation Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Democratic Republican Vacant
End of previous Congress 203[14] 229 432 3
Begin 233 202 435 0
February 13, 2007 201 434 1
April 22, 2007 232 433 2
July 1, 2007 231 432 3
July 17, 2007 202 433 2
August 21, 2007 232 434 1
September 5, 2007 201 433 2
October 10, 2007 200 432 3
October 16, 2007 233 433 2
November 26, 2007 199 432 3
December 11, 2007 201 434 1
December 15, 2007 232 433 2
December 31, 2007 200 432 3
January 14, 2008 199 431 4
February 2, 2008 198 430 5
February 11, 2008 231 429 6
March 8, 2008 232 430 5
March 11, 2008 233 431 4
April 8, 2008 234 432 3
May 3, 2008 235 199 434 1
May 13, 2008 236 435 0
May 31, 2008 235 434 1
June 17, 2008 236 435 0
August 20, 2008 235 434 1
November 18, 2008 236 435 0
November 24, 2008 198 434 1
January 2, 2009 235 433 2
Final voting share 54.3% 45.7%
Non-voting members 4 1 5 0
Beginning of next Congress 256 178 434 1

Leadership[edit]

[ Section contents: Senate: Majority (D), Minority (R)House: Majority (D), Minority (R) ]

Senate[edit]

Senate President
Dick Cheney (R)
Senate President pro tempore
Robert Byrd (D)

Majority (Democratic) leadership[edit]

Minority (Republican) leadership[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

House Speaker
Nancy Pelosi (D)

Majority (Democratic) leadership[edit]

Minority (Republican) leadership[edit]

Members[edit]

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

for maps of congressional districts.

Changes in membership[edit]

Senate[edit]

There were two resignations and one death.


State
(class)
Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation
Wyoming (1) Craig Thomas (R) Died June 4, 2007 John Barrasso (R) June 22, 2007[19]
Mississippi (1) Trent Lott (R) Resigned December 18, 2007[17] Roger Wicker (R) December 31, 2007[18][19]
Illinois (3) Barack Obama (D) Resigned November 16, 2008 to focus on his transition as President-elect of the United States[21] Vacant until the next Congress

House of Representatives[edit]

District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date successor
seated
Georgia 10th Charlie Norwood (R) Died February 13, 2007. A special election was held June 19, 2007 Paul Broun (R) July 17, 2007
California 37th Juanita Millender-McDonald (D) Died April 22, 2007[22] A special election was held August 21, 2007 Laura Richardson (D) August 21, 2007
Massachusetts 5th Marty Meehan (D) Resigned July 1, 2007, to become Chancellor of University of Massachusetts Lowell. A special election was held October 16, 2007 Niki Tsongas (D) October 16, 2007
Ohio 5th Paul Gillmor (R) Died September 5, 2007. A special election was held November 6, 2007 Bob Latta (R) December 11, 2007
Virginia 1st Jo Ann Davis (R) Died October 6, 2007. A special election was held December 11, 2007 Rob Wittman (R) December 11, 2007
Illinois 14th Dennis Hastert (R) Resigned November 26, 2007. A special election was held March 8, 2008 Bill Foster (D) March 8, 2008
Indiana 7th Julia Carson (D) Died December 15, 2007. A special election was held March 11, 2008 André Carson (D) March 11, 2008
Mississippi 1st Roger Wicker (R) Resigned December 31, 2007, when appointed U.S. Senator. A special election was held May 13, 2008 Travis Childers (D) May 13, 2008
Louisiana 1st Bobby Jindal (R) Resigned January 14, 2008 to become Governor of Louisiana. A special election was held May 3, 2008 Steve Scalise (R) May 3, 2008
Louisiana 6th Richard Baker (R) Resigned February 2, 2008 to become President of the Managed Funds Association. A special election was held May 3, 2008 Don Cazayoux (D) May 3, 2008
California 12th Tom Lantos (D) Died February 11, 2008. A special election was held April 8, 2008 Jackie Speier (D) April 8, 2008
Maryland 4th Albert Wynn (D) Resigned May 31, 2008, having lost re-nomination. A special election was held June 17, 2008 Donna Edwards (D) June 17, 2008
Ohio 11th Stephanie Tubbs Jones (D) Died August 20, 2008. A special election was held November 18, 2008 Marcia Fudge (D) November 18, 2008
Virginia 11th Thomas M. Davis (R) Resigned November 24, 2008[23] in advance of his retirement. Vacant until the next Congress
Illinois 5th Rahm Emanuel (D) Resigned January 2, 2009 to become White House Chief of Staff[20]
Puerto Rico Luis Fortuño (R and PNP) Resigned January 2, 2009 to become Governor of Puerto Rico

Employees[edit]

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

See also: Rules of the House: "Other officers and officials"

See also[edit]

Elections[edit]

Prospective Speaker Nancy Pelosi and prospective House Majority Leader Steny Hoyer meet with President George W. Bush on November 9, 2006, after the election to this Congress

Membership lists[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ Legislative Activities, via clerk.house.gov. Accessed 2009-04-25. Archived 2009-04-29.
  2. ^ CBS News, Voters Usher Out Republicans
  3. ^ Deirdre Walsh (January 4, 2007). "Pelosi becomes first woman House speaker". CNN.com. Archived from the original on January 6, 2007. Retrieved January 4, 2007. 
  4. ^ ruthholladay.com - Andre Carson on identity and belief
  5. ^ DAWN (Newspaper)
  6. ^ Nash, Phil Tajitsu (November 24, 2006). "Washington Journal: Campaign 2006 In Review". AsianWeek. Archived from the original on 2007-11-21. Retrieved December 16, 2006. 
  7. ^ Espa, David (October 6, 2006). "Pelosi Says She Would Drain GOP 'Swamp'". The Washington Post. Associated Press. Retrieved January 2, 2007. 
  8. ^ Talev, Margaret (December 29, 2006). "Democratic majority to focus on 3-pronged plan". McClatchy-Tribune Information Services. Archived from the original on 3 January 2007. Retrieved January 2, 2007. 
  9. ^ Leader Staff Dennis Kucinich's Response To President Bush's Speech January 11, 2007 Cleveland Leader. Retrieved January 13, 2007
  10. ^ Jackie Kucinich (September 28, 2007). "Select committee on 'stolen vote' issues findings". The Hill. Retrieved May 13, 2008. 
  11. ^ Bill Scher (December 19, 2007). "Record-Breaking Obstruction:How It Screwed You". Huffington Post. Retrieved December 24, 2007. ; "Record-Breaking Republican Obstructionism". Campaign for America's Future. Archived from the original on 29 November 2008. Retrieved January 6, 2009. ;"Senate Action on Cloture Motions". Retrieved October 22, 2012. [better source needed]
  12. ^ Senators of the 110th Congress "Lieberman, Joseph I." United States Senate. Retrieved January 8, 2007
  13. ^ Martin Kady II (November 15, 2006). "For Those of You Keeping Track at Home, It’s Official ...". Congressional Quarterly. Retrieved November 20, 2006. 
  14. ^ Including one Independent who caucused with the Democrats
  15. ^ The Vice President of the United States serves as the President of the Senate. See U.S. Constitution, Article I, Section 3, Clause 4
  16. ^ The Democratic Senate Majority Leader also serves as the Chairman of the Democratic Conference.
  17. ^ a b "Lott Officially Resigns, All Eyes Now on Barbour". Archived from the original on 2009-07-20. Retrieved 2009-07-01. 
  18. ^ a b "Rep. Wicker Is Barbour's Choice". Washington Post. Retrieved December 31, 2007. 
  19. ^ a b c Senators of the United States 1789–2007: A Chronological list of Senators from the First Congress to the 111th Congress
  20. ^ a b Rahm Emanuel's resignation announcement, via Yahoo.com
  21. ^ "Obama will resign Senate seat Sunday". Chicago Trubune. November 13, 2008. Retrieved 25 April 2009. 
  22. ^ Rep. Millender-McDonald Dies of Cancer. Washington Post, April 22, 2007
  23. ^ List of Vacancies, via Clerk.House.gov
  24. ^ S.Res. 424, Electing Lula Johnson Davis Secretary for the Majority of the Senate
  25. ^ a b Election of Clerk of the House and Chief Administrative Officer 2007 Congressional Record, Vol. 153, Page H1671

External links[edit]