111th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment

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111th Regiment New York Volunteer Infantry
111th New York Infantry Regiment Guidon
111th New York Infantry Regiment Guidon
Active August 20, 1862 to June 4, 1865
Country United States
Allegiance Union
Branch Infantry
Part of II Corps, Army of the Potomac
Campaigns Gettysburg Campaign
Bristoe Campaign
Mine Run Campaign
Overland Campaign
Appomattox Campaign
Commanders
Aug 20, 1862 to
Jan 3, 1863
Colonel Jesse Segoine
Jan 3, 1863 to
Jun 3, 1865
Colonel Clinton D. MacDougall
Jul 3, 1863 Lieutenant Colonel Isaac M. Lusk
Jul 3, 1863 Captain Aaron P. Seeley

The 111th New York Infantry Regiment was organized at Auburn, New York to answer the call by Abraham Lincoln for 300,000 more troops to fight in the American Civil War. Over the next three years, this regiment lost the fifth greatest number of men among all regiments.

History[edit]

Jesse Segoine was authorized on July 18, 1862 to begin recruiting a regiment of men within the Cayuga and Wayne Counties, New York. As Segoine was able to raise the men, he received a commission of Colonel and commander of this, the 111th New York Infantry Regiment. The regiment was raised in almost a month's time, and mustered into service in Auburn, New York on August 20, 1862.[1]

Regimental organization[edit]

Company A – Principally recruited from Wayne County.[2]

Company B – Principally recruited from Wayne County.[2]

Company C – Principally recruited from Wayne County.[2]

Company D – Principally recruited from Wayne County.[2]

Company E – Principally recruited from Wayne County.[2]

Company F – Principally recruited from Cayuga County [2]

Company G – Principally recruited from Cayuga County.[2]

Company H – Principally recruited from Cayuga County.[2]

Company I – Principally recruited from Cayuga County.[2]

Company K – Principally recruited from Cayuga County.[2]

Army organization[edit]

Time line[edit]

Date Battle or Event
July 18, 1862 Organized at Auburn, N.Y.
August 20, 1862 Mustered in under Colonel Jesse Segoine, Lieutenant Colonel Clinton McDougall, and Major Senaca B. Smith
August 21, 1862 Left State for Harper's Ferry. Attached to Miles' Command, Harper's Ferry.
September 12–15, 1862 Defense of Harper's Ferry
September 15, 1862 Regiment was surrendered with garrison
September 16, 1862 Paroled and sent to Annapolis, Maryland, then to Camp Douglas, Chicago, Illinois
November 23, 1862 Exchanged; duty at Camp Douglas guarding prisoners
December, 1862 Ordered to Washington, D.C., and duty in the defenses of that city and at Centreville, Va. assigned to Wadsworth's Command, Military District of Washington
February, 1863 Attached to 3rd Brigade, Casey's Division, 22nd Army Corps, Department of Washington
April, 1863 Attached to 3rd Brigade, Abercrombie's Division, 22nd Army Corps
June 25, 1863 Ordered to join Army of the Potomac in the field. Assigned to 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 2nd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac

Gettysburg Campaign – June 25 – July 24, 1863

Two companies were left on guard at Accotink bridge, the remaining eight, numbering 390 men, joined the Second Corps on the march to Gettysburg.

July 2–4, 1863 Battle of Gettysburg
The regiment was commanded by Colonel Clinton D. MacDougall until he was wounded on July 3. Lieutenant Colonel Isaac M. Lusk took command until he, too was wounded, when Caption Aaron P. Seeley took over the regiment.
From the monument: "Arrived early morning July 2nd 1863, position near Ziegler's Grove. Went to relief of 3rd Corps in afternoon; took this position that evening and held it to close of battle. Number engaged (8 companies) 390 Casualties Killed 58, wounded 177, missing 14, total 249"
July 5–24, 1863 Pursuit of Lee to Manassas Gap, Va.
August, 1863 Duty on line of the Rappahannock and Rapidan
September 13–17, 1863 Advance from the Rappahannock to the Rapidan
October 3, 1863 Lewinsville

Bristoe Campaign – October 9–22, 1863

October 14, 1863 Auburn and Bristoe
October 15, 1863 Blackburn's and Mitchell's Fords
November 7–8, 1863 Advance to line of the Rappahannock

Mine Run Campaign – November 26 – December 2, 1863

December, 1863 At and near Stevensburg, Va.
February 6–7, 1864 Demonstration on the Rapidan; Morton's Ford
March, 1864 Attached to 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 2nd Army Corps

Campaign from the Rapidan to the James – May 3 – June 15, 1864

May 5–7, 1864 Battle of the Wilderness
The regiment lost 42 killed, 119 wounded and 17 missing, over half its strength.
May 8–12, 1864 Spottsylvania
The regiment lost 22 killed, 37 wounded, and 13 missing
May 10, 1864 Po River
May 12–21, 1864 Spottsylvania Court House
May 12, 1864 Assault on the Salient, or "Bloody Angle"
May 23–26, 1864 North Anna River
May 26–28, 1864 On line of the Pamunkey
May 28–31, 1864 Totopotomoy
June 1–12, 1864 Cold Harbor
June 16–18, 1864 Before Petersburg
June 16, 1864 Siege of Petersburg begins.
Attached to Consolidated Brigade, 1st Division, 2nd Army Corps.
June 22–23, 1864 Jerusalem Plank Road, Weldon Railroad
July 27–29, 1864 Demonstration north of the James
July 27–28, 1864 Deep Bottom
August 13–20, 1864 Demonstration north of the James
August 14–18, 1864 Strawberry Plains, Deep Bottom
August 25, 1864 Ream's Station
November, 1864 Attached to 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 2nd Army Corps
December 9–10, 1864 Reconnaissance to Hatcher's Run
February 5–7. 1865 Dabney's Mills, Hatcher's Run
March 25. 1865 Watkins' House

Appomattox Campaign – March 28 – April 9. 1865

The regiment lost 81 casualties in the last campaign of the war

March 29–30. 1865 On line of Hatcher's and Gravelly Runs
March 31. 1865 Hatcher's Run or Boydton Road and White Oak Road
April 2. 1865 Sutherland Station and fall of Petersburg
April 3–9 Pursuit of Lee
April 6. 1865 Sailor's Creek
April 7. 1865 High Bridge and Farmville
April 9. 1865 Appomattox Court House. Surrender of Lee and his army.
April 1865 At Burkesville
May 2–12. 1865 Moved to Washington, D.C.
May 23. 1865 Grand Review
June 3. 1865 Mustered out under Lieutenant Colonel Lewis W. Husk. Veterans and recruits transferred to 4th New York Heavy Artillery.

Regiment losses[edit]

Over the 111th Regiment's time in service, total enrollment was 1,780 soldiers. Ten officers and 210 men were killed and mortally wounded in battle. The total of 220 men who were killed and died of wounds is only exceeded by four other New York regiments — the 69th, 40th, 48th and 121st. In the entire Union Army, that number is only exceeded by 24 other regiments. Disease and other causes took another 2 officers and 177 enlisted men. This raises the total sacrificed to reunite this nation to 404. It should be noted that 2 officers and 74 men died while in the confinment of Confederate prisons.[3]

Post war[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Phister, Frederick (1912). New York in the War of Rebellion, 1861–1865. Albany: J. R. Lyon Company, State Printers. p. 3305. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "111th Regiment, New York Infantry". FamilySearch. Intellectual Reserve, Inc. 17 August 2012. Retrieved October 9, 2012. 
  3. ^ The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-65 - Records of the Regiments in the Union Army - Cyclopedia of Battles - Memoirs of Commanders and Soldiers. Volume 2. Madison: Federal Publishing Company. 1908. pp. 130–131. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Annual Report of the Adjutant General of the State of New York For the Year 1893, Volume 34
  • Campbell, Eric A. ' "Remember Harper's Ferry!" : The degradation, humiliation, and redemption of Col. George L Willard's Brigade – Part Two.' Gettysburg: Historical Articles of Lasting Interest. 8 (January 1993) 95–110.
  • Contant, George W. Each bee was a bullet. Dover, Del. : Grand Army Historic Publications, 1998. 60 p. : ill. ; 21 cm.
  • Drummond, Robert Loudon. The religious pray, the profane swear: a Civil War memoir personal reminiscences of prison life during the war of the rebellion. Aurora, CO : Davies Group, 2002. x, 108 p. : ill. ; 22 cm.
  • Hall, Henry. "History of Auburn" Auburn, NY: Dennis Brothers & Co., 1869. pp. 429–435.
  • Husk, Martin W. "The 111th New York Volunteer Infantry: a Civil War history." Jefferson, N.C. : McFarland & Co., 2010.
  • Monroe, Joel H. "Gen. Clinton D. MacDougall." Historical Records of a Hundred and Twenty Years. Geneva, NY: W.F. Humphrey, 1913.
  • Murray, R.L. and David Hickey (ed.). The redemption of the "Harper's Ferry Cowards" : the story of the 111th and 126th New York state volunteer regiments at Gettysburg. 1994. [E 523.5 126th .M]

External links[edit]