1130s in England
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|1130s in England:|
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Events from the 1130s in England.
- 1 December - King Henry I dies (at Lyons-la-Forêt in Normandy) having nominated Matilda as his heir.
- 22 December - Stephen of Blois, nephew of Henry I, claims the throne.
- 26 December - Coronation of Stephen of England at Westminster Abbey.
- A fire in London seriously damages St Paul's Cathedral and London Bridge.
- Bruton Abbey and Buildwas Abbey founded.
- 1 January - Revolt in Wales; Welsh capture Swansea and Cardigan from the Normans.
- 4 January - Henry I is buried in his foundation, Reading Abbey (tomb dedicated 1 December).
- 5 February - By the Treaty of Durham, Stephen concedes Cumberland to David I of Scotland.
- Hospital of St Cross, an almshouse in Winchester, is established by Bishop Henry of Blois; it will still be functioning in the 21st century.
- Geoffrey of Monmouth writes Historia Regum Britanniae.
- March - Stephen fails in his attempt to re-capture Normandy from Matilda.
- January–February - King David I of Scotland raids Northumberland, taking the Bishop of Durham's Norham Castle (garrisoned only by nine), and besieges the castle at Wark on Tweed.
- May - The Anarchy: Robert, 1st Earl of Gloucester, leads a rebellion against King Stephen in favour of his half-sister Matilda.
- 10 June - Battle of Clitheroe: Having harried Craven in Yorkshire, David I of Scotland's nephew William fitz Duncan meets and defeats an English force on the edge of the Bowland Fells.
- 22 August - Battle of the Standard: English army defeats that of David I of Scotland at Cowton Moor near Northallerton in Yorkshire.
- Alcester Abbey and Bourne Abbey established.
- 8 January - Theobald of Bec enthroned as Archbishop of Canterbury.
- 9 April - The second Treaty of Durham between King Stephen of England and David I of Scotland; David's son Earl Henry takes control of most of Northumberland, excluding Bamburgh and Newcastle upon Tyne.
- June - Stephen orders the arrest of Roger of Salisbury, Justiciar and Bishop of Salisbury, and Alexander of Lincoln, Bishop of Lincoln.
- 30 September - The Anarchy: Empress Matilda lands near Arundel to begin her campaign to regain the throne from Stephen.
- 7 November - The Anarchy: Gloucester's army sacks Worcester.
- year unknown, after 1130
- 11 December - Roger of Salisbury, bishop and Lord Chancellor
- Palmer, Alan; Palmer, Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 61–63. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 120–122. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
- Golding, Brian (1995). Gilbert of Sempringham and the Gilbertine Order. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-820060-9.
- "Fountains Abbey website". Archived from the original on 21 December 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-19.
- "Byland Abbey, Cistercians in Yorkshire Project". Archived from the original on 26 December 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-19.
- Weinreb, Ben; Hibbert, Christopher (1995). The London Encyclopaedia. Macmillan. p. 287. ISBN 0-333-57688-8.
- Richard of Hexham (1853–58). Stevenson, Joseph, ed. De Gestis Regis Stephani. Church Historians of England, vol. 4, pt 1. Archived from the original on 6 October 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-29.