From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Centuries:||11th century – 12th century – 13th century|
|Decades:||1130s 1140s 1150s – 1160s – 1170s 1180s 1190s|
|Years:||1157 1158 1159 – 1160 – 1161 1162 1163|
|1160 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1160 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||1913|
|Bahá'í calendar||-684 – -683|
|English Regnal year||6 Hen. 2 – 7 Hen. 2|
|Chinese calendar||己卯年 (Earth Rabbit)
3856 or 3796
— to —
庚辰年 (Metal Dragon)
3857 or 3797
|- Vikram Samvat||1216–1217|
|- Shaka Samvat||1082–1083|
|- Kali Yuga||4261–4262|
|Japanese calendar||Heiji 2 / Eiryaku 1
|Minguo calendar||752 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||1703|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1160.|
- The Almohads conquer Mahdia from the Normans after an important naval success near the city against Christian reenforcement coming from Sicily.
- A commercial treaty between the Almohad caliphate and the Republic of Pisa opens the North African ports to Tuscan merchants.
- The Heiji Rebellion continues in Japan. Some 500 Minamoto rebels opposed to the retired emperor Go-Shirakawa carry out a daring raid on the Sanjo Palace.
- Yasovarman II succeeds his uncle Dharanindravarman as ruler of the Khmer Empire. Dharanindravarman's son Jayavarman acquiesces to his cousin's succession and goes into exile in neighboring Champa.
- Reynald of Chatillon is arrested by the Muslims.
- February 3 – Emperor Frederick Barbarossa takes Crema, Italy following a cruel siege, as part of his campaign against the independent Italian city-states.
- May 18 – Erik Jedvardsson is murdered, after which his murderer Magnus Henriksen proclaims himself king of Sweden. He is, however, himself murdered the following year. Eric is soon worshipped as a saint, becoming known as Eric the Saint or Eric the Holy. Though never formally canonized by the pope, he eventually becomes the patron saint of Sweden.
- Richard FitzNeal is named Treasurer of the Exchequer of England, and begins writing a handbook for the division, his Dialogus de Scaccario. It will describe the organization of personnel, the duties of each, how to audit sheriff's accounts at Easter and Michaelmas, how to value coinage, and how to draw up receipts.
- The city of Tomar is founded in Portugal by Gualdim Pais.
- Spital am Semmering is founded by Margrave Ottokar III of Styria.
- Large Portuguese offensive in the Alentejo against the Muslims.
- October 4 – Alys, Countess of the Vexin, daughter of Louis VII of France (d. c. 1220)
- Yaqub, Almohad Caliph, ruler of Morocco (d. 1199)
- John de Courcy, Earl of Ulster (d. 1219)
- Rabbi David Kimhi, biblical commentator (d. 1235)
- Simon de Montfort, 5th Earl of Leicester, French crusader (d. 1218)
- Taira no Noritsune, Japanese warrior (d. 1185)
- Geoffrey of Villehardouin, French chronicler (d. c. (1212)
- Ibn al-Athir, Anatolian historian (d. 1233)
- Sibylla of Jerusalem, daughter of Almaric I and Agnes of Courtenay (d. 1190)
- Dulce, Queen of Portugal, spouse of King Sancho I of Portugal (d. 1198)
- Al-Afdal ibn Salah ad-Din, the second emir of Damascus.
- Robin Hood, a heroic outlaw in English folklore (d. 1247)
- February 11 – Minamoto no Yoshitomo, Japanese general (b. 1123)
- May 18 – Eric Jedvardsson, king of Sweden since 1156 (b. c. 1120)
- July 20 – Peter Lombard, French scholastic philosopher (b. c. 1100)
- October 4 – Constance of Castile, Queen of France (b. 1141)
- date unknown
- Picard, Christophe (1997). La mer et les musulmans d'Occident VIIIe-XIIIe siècle. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.
- King John by Warren. Published by University of California Press in 1961. p. 127
- Picard, Christophe (2000). Le Portugal musulman (VIIIe-XIIIe siècle. L'Occident d'al-Andalus sous domination islamique. Paris: Maisonneuve & Larose. p. 110. ISBN 2-7068-1398-9.