116th Street Crew

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116th Street Crew
Founding location United States New York City
Years active 1890s-present
Territory East Harlem and other various neighborhoods in Upper Manhattan and The Bronx.
Ethnicity Italian, Italian-American made men and other ethnicities as "associates"
Membership Unknown
Criminal activities Racketeering, Bookmaking, loansharking, extortion, gambling, conspiracy and Labour Racketeering
Allies Lucchese, Gambino, Bonanno and Colombo crime families.
Rivals Various gangs.

The 116th Street crew,[1] also known as the Uptown crew,[2] is a powerful crew within the Genovese crime family. In the early 1960s, Anthony Salerno became one of the most powerful capos in the family. Salerno based the crew out of the Palma Boys Social Club located 416 East 115th Street in East Harlem, Manhattan.

History[edit]

The 116th Street Mob[edit]

Main article: Morello crime family

In the early 1890s, a group of four brothers (Giuseppe Morello, and his half-brothers Nicholo, Vincenzo and Ciro Terranova) arrived in New York City from Corleone, Sicily.[3] The Morello-Terranova brothers soon started taking over the growing Little Italy in East Harlem, by using the black hand technique of extorting small business and running illegal gambling operations. The group became known as the 116th Street Mob (or Morello gang). With their increasing power the Morello's sought to control Lower Manhattan's Little Italy. The Little Italy in lower Manhattan was under the control of Ignazio "Lupo the Wolf" Saietta,[4] Before a gang war erupted, the two sides decided on joining forces. Giuseppe Morello became the Capo di tutti capi (or boss of bosses), but before long he and Ignazio Saietta were arrested and charged with counterfeiting in 1910.[3][5][6]

Nicholas "Nick Morello" Terranova took over the 116th Street Mob, and became embroiled in the Mafia-Camorra War.[3][7] This conflict was between the Sicilian Morello-Terranova family and Brooklyn Camorra gangs led by Pellegrino Morano. Each side wanted to completely control all the Italian gangs in New York City and across the United States. On September 7, 1916 Nicholas Terranova was murdered, giving the Camorra gangs the advantage.[3][7] The next leaders of the Morello family were brothers Vincenzo and Ciro Terranova. They continued the war and within months police began arresting top members of the Camorra gangs.[7] This allowed the Sicilians to maintain dominance and control over New York City and the remaining Camorra gangs joined forces with Sicilian gangs.[7] Vincent continued operating from Brooklyn, and Ciro continued expanding his operations in East Harlem and The Bronx.[3][5][7]

The Artichoke King[edit]

Ciro "The Artichoke King" Terranova controlled the 116th Street Crew during the prohibition era. In his later years, after being "encouraged" by younger gangsters to retire in 1935 and subsequently declaring bankruptcy and losing his Pelham Manor home to foreclosure, Terranova and his wife moved into the building long owned by the Morello-Terranova family at 338 East 116th Street (the headquarters of the Ignatz Florio Co-operative Association).[8]

Coppola's policy racket[edit]

Michael "Trigger Mike" Coppola, was a top lieutenant in the 116th Street crew of Ciro Terranova. He took over the crew sometime between 1932 and 1936, after Terranova was "put on the shelf" (i.e. forced into retirement) by the new Luciano-Genovese-Costello regime of the Luciano crime family. Coppola was also supervising the illegal numbers racket that was once controlled by Dutch Schultz before his murder. The numbers racket controlled bookmaking and illegal gambling throughout Harlem and The South Bronx, making thousands of dollars a year.

When boss Vito Genovese was imprisoned in the late 1950s, various influential members began running the crime family through a ruling panel/committee. The panel consisted of acting/front boss Thomas "Tommy Ryan" Eboli, underboss Gerardo "Gerry" Catena and consigliere Michele "Big Mike" Miranda, while others served in the advisory capacity. Mike Coppola, an influential capo, also helped the panel. In the early 1960s, Mike Coppola was imprisoned on tax evasion charges and followed in the footsteps of his predecessor Ciro Terranova, being put on the shelf after his release from prison in 1963. Coppola later moved to South Florida and effectively retired. His crew, with his vast illegal interests went to Anthony Salerno.

Palma Boys crew[edit]

Anthony Salerno

Anthony "Fat Tony" Salerno, started as a soldier in the 1930s under capo, Michael Coppola. As years went by, Salerno worked his way up the ranks of the crew and the crime family, controlling his own lucrative gambling and loansharking operations. In the early 1960s, his capo Coppola was imprisoned on tax evasion charges and demoted in rank. The crew then split, allowing Coppola's top lieutenants to break up his vast illegal interests that included his numbers empire. Salerno based the 116th Street Crew from the Palma Boys Social Club located at 416 East 115th Street in East Harlem.

Anthony Salerno, and his brother Cirino (known as "Charles" or "Charlie Speed") led the crew, operating in East Harlem and the Bronx. He was usually found sitting out front on patio furniture smoking his ever-present cigar and holding meetings with underlings, or in the kitchen cooking some Italian dish for the boys. The Salerno brothers oversaw a multi-million dollar gambling racket based in East Harlem that expanded into the South Bronx. Tony Salerno's gambling empire included numbers, bookmaking and floating dice games. Even when the East Harlem neighborhood went from a predominately Italian to a predominately black neighborhood, Salerno managed to hold onto their interests and employ over 200 people in their street rackets.

Anthony Salerno was a highly respected and feared gangster, and a well-known New York Mafia powerhouse who continued to rise through the ranks of the Genovese crime family becoming consigliere from 1972–75, underboss in 1975, and eventually the acting–front boss from 1981-86. In the late 1970s, the FBI managed to place a bug (or listening device) in his East Harlem headquarters, the Palma Boys Social Club. By the early 1980s, Salerno had been caught on the bug discussing crime family affairs and business with various members, including top underlings such as capo Matthew "Matty the Horse" Ianniello, Salerno driver and right-hand-man Vincent "Fish" Cafaro, and even Lucchese crime family boss Anthony "Tony Ducks" Corallo, whose own Jaguar, where Corallo conducted much of his affairs had also been bugged. In February 1985, the information obtained through the FBI bug was used to eventually indict Salerno and the bosses of New York's Five Families, who sat on The Commission. The Mafia Commission Trail began in September 1986 and ended in November. Tony Salerno, along with five other New York bosses were convicted under the RICO statute and sentenced to 100 years in prison in January 1987.

Bellomo era[edit]

Liborio "Barney" Bellomo took over the crew in the early 1980s, operating in East Harlem and the South Bronx. In the early 1990s, Bellomo was promoted to street boss for imprisoned boss Vincent "The Chin" Gigante. On July 27, 1992 former capo Anthony Salerno died in prison. Bellomo was imprisoned, and various acting leaders such as Frank "Farby" Serpico and Ernest "Ernie" Muscarella controlled the crew.

Historical leadership of the 116th Street Crew[edit]

Capos of the 116th Street Crew[edit]

  • 1893–1909 – Giuseppe "the Clutch Hand" Morello (Capo di tutti capi from 1898-1909 until he was imprisoned on counterfeiting charges)
  • 1910–1916 — Nicholas "Nick Morello" Terranova (killed in Mafia-Camorra war on September 7, 1916)
  • 1916–1935 – Ciro "The Artichoke King" Terranova (controlled the artichoke racket; he retires in 1935, later dies in 1938)
  • 1935–1962 – Michael "Trigger Mike" Coppola (controlled "numbers racket", imprisoned in 1962 and demoted, later dies in 1966)
  • 1962–1972 – Anthony "Fat Tony" Salerno (served as Consigliere 1972-1975; Underboss 1975-1980; Front Boss 1981-1987; jailed in 1987 in the Mafia Commission Trail and died on July 27, 1992)[1]
    • Lieutenant 1960s–1970s – Cirino "Charlie Speed" Salerno (Anthony Salerno's brother)
  • 1972–1974 – Antonio "Buckaloo" Ferro (promoted to Consigliere from 1975–1978, then retires)[1]
  • 1974–1981 – Saverio "Sammy" Santora (promoted to Underboss in 1981-1986; died in 1987)
  • 1982–present – Liborio "Barney" Bellomo (moved the 116th street crew's base into East Bronx; served as Acting Boss 1990-1992 then promoted to Street Boss 1992–present; imprisoned 1997-2008)[9]
    • Acting 1992–1998 – Ralph Coppola (murdered in 1998)[9]
    • Acting 1998–2002 – Frank "Farby" Serpico (acting street boss 1998-2002; died in 2002 of natural causes)[10][11]
    • Acting 2002–2003 – Ernest "Ernie" Muscarella (acting street boss 2002-2003; imprisoned 2003-2008)[12]
    • Acting 2003–2004 – Louis Moscatiello (imprisoned; deceased)[13]
    • Acting 2004–2008 – Arthur "Artie" Nigro (imprisoned projected release date 2-28-2011)[9][14][15][16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Declaration of Vincent Cafaro 8-28-1990. Laborers for Justice 1997-2006.
  2. ^ United States of America vs Arthur Coffey June, 2004.
  3. ^ a b c d e GangRule.com - The Morello Gang: Early Years (1900-1910)
  4. ^ Herbert Asbury. The Gangs of New York: An Informal History of the Underworld. Alfred A. Knopf, 1928.
  5. ^ a b David Critchley. The Origin of Organized Crime: The New York City Mafia, 1891-931. New York, Routledge, 2008.
  6. ^ Mike Dash. The First Family: Terror, Extortion and the Birth of the American Mafia. London, Simon & Schuster, 2009.
  7. ^ a b c d e GangRule.com - The Struggle for Control 1910–1918.
  8. ^ Mike Dash (2009). First Family. London: Simon & Schuster. p. Epilogue. 
  9. ^ a b c Lukas I. Alpert. Mafia takes a big hit-jailed Don 1 of 32 nailed by Feds. February 24, 2006. New York Post.[1]
  10. ^ Greg B. Smith. Genovese family keeps its chin up Gigante becomes top don as Gotti fades. August 12, 2001. New York Daily News.
  11. ^ Mike Claffey. Snitch Stole 3 years of Mob secrets. January 28, 2002. New York Daily News.
  12. ^ Federal Bureau of Prisons Inmate Locator - Ernest Muscarella
  13. ^ Federal Bureau of Prisons Inmate Locator - Louis Moscatiello
  14. ^ Bruce Golding. Genovese Mob boss indicted on racketeering charges. February 17, 2010. New York Post. [2]
  15. ^ Reputed Genovese boss Arillotta Turncoat status solidified. May 9, 2010. Mafia News Today.
  16. ^ Federal Bureau of Prisons Inmate Locator – Arthur Frank Nigro
  • Sifakis, Carl. The Mafia Encyclopedia:Second Edition. Checkmark Books, 1999.
  • Capeci, Jerry. The Complete Idiot's Guide to the Mafia. Indianopolis, Alpha, 2002.
  • Raab, Selwyn. The Five Families: The Rise, Decline, and Resurgence of American Most Powerful Mafia Empires. New York, St. Martins Press, 2005.
  • Critchley, David. The origin of organized crime in America: the New York City Mafia, 1891-1931.