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This article is about the year 1180.
|Centuries:||11th century – 12th century – 13th century|
|Decades:||1150s 1160s 1170s – 1180s – 1190s 1200s 1210s|
|Years:||1177 1178 1179 – 1180 – 1181 1182 1183|
|1180 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1180 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||1933|
|Bahá'í calendar||−664 – −663|
|English Regnal year||26 Hen. 2 – 27 Hen. 2|
|Chinese calendar||己亥年 (Earth Pig)
3876 or 3816
— to —
庚子年 (Metal Rat)
3877 or 3817
|- Vikram Samvat||1236–1237|
|- Shaka Samvat||1102–1103|
|- Kali Yuga||4281–4282|
|Japanese calendar||Jishō 4
|Minguo calendar||732 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||1723|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1180.|
- During the third year of the Jisho era of Japan, a devastating whirlwind damages Kyoto.
- Emperor Antoku succeeds Emperor Takakura as emperor of Japan.
- Prince Mochihito amasses a large army and instigates the Genpei War between the Taira and Minamoto clans.
- Kilij Arslan II allies with Saladin after the death of Byzantine Emperor Manuel I Comnenus.
- April 13 – Frederick Barbarossa issues the Gelnhausen Charter.
- September 24 – Alexius II Comnenus becomes Byzantine Emperor.
- November 18 – Philip II becomes King of France.
- Afonso I of Portugal is taken prisoner by Ferdinand II of León.
- The Portuguese admiral D. Fuas Roupinho wins a second victory in two years against the Almohad fleet.
- Artois is annexed by France.
- Frederick Barbarossa removes Henry the Lion from the Duchy of Saxony, and creates the Duchies of Westphalia and Styria.
- The Wittelsbach Family takes control of Bavaria.
- Alexander Neckam becomes a lecturer in Paris, and writes De Natura Rerum, an early mention of chess (approximate date).
- Estimation: Hangzhou, capital of Southern Song China, becomes the largest city of the world, taking the lead from Fes in the Almohad Empire.
- August 6 – Emperor Go-Toba of Japan (d. 1239)
- Berenguela of Castile, queen of Alfonso IX of Castile (d. 1246)
- Gilbert de Clare, 5th Earl of Hertford, English soldier (d. 1230)
- King Eric X of Sweden (d. 1216) (possible date)
- Xia Gui, Chinese painter (d. c. 1230) (approximate date)
- March 30 – Al-Mustadi, Caliph (b. 1142)
- September 18 – King Louis VII of France (b. 1120)
- September 24 – Manuel I Comnenus, Byzantine Emperor (b. 1118)
- October 25 – John of Salisbury, French bishop (b. c. 1120)
- Odo de St Amand, Grand Master of the Knights Templar
- Abraham ibn Daud, philosopher (martyred) (b. c. 1120)
- Roman I of Kiev
- Yaroslav II of Kiev
- Prince Mochihito, son of Emperor Go-Shirakawa of Japan
- Minamoto no Yorimasa, Japanese samurai (b. 1106)
- Zhu Shuzhen, Chinese female poet
- Picard, Christophe (1997). La mer et les musulmans d'Occident VIIIe-XIIIe siècle. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.
- Geography at about.com