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This article is about the year 1183.
|Centuries:||11th century – 12th century – 13th century|
|Decades:||1150s 1160s 1170s – 1180s – 1190s 1200s 1210s|
|Years:||1180 1181 1182 – 1183 – 1184 1185 1186|
|1183 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1183 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||1936|
|Bahá'í calendar||−661 – −660|
|English Regnal year||29 Hen. 2 – 30 Hen. 2|
|Chinese calendar||壬寅年 (Water Tiger)
3879 or 3819
— to —
癸卯年 (Water Rabbit)
3880 or 3820
|- Vikram Samvat||1239–1240|
|- Shaka Samvat||1105–1106|
|- Kali Yuga||4284–4285|
|Japanese calendar||Juei 2
|Minguo calendar||729 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||1726|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1183.|
- June 25 – The Peace of Constance is signed between Frederick Barbarossa and the Lombard League.
- Three-year old Emperor Go-Toba ascends to the throne of Japan after the forced abdication of his brother Emperor Antoku during the Genpei War.
- August 14 – Taira no Munemori and the Taira clan take the young Emperor Antoku and the three sacred treasures and flee to western Japan to escape pursuit by the Minamoto clan (traditional Japanese date: Twenty-fifth Day of the Seventh Month of the Second Year of Juei).
- William of Tyre is excommunicated by the newly appointed Heraclius of Jerusalem, firmly ending their struggle for power.
- Andronicus I Comnenus becomes Byzantine Emperor.
- Joseph of Exeter writes the first account of a sport resembling cricket.
- The Siege of Kerak is waged between the Ayyubids and the Crusaders, in which regent Guy of Lusignan refuses to fight.
- Saladin conquers Syria and becomes sultan.
- June 11 – Henry the Young King, son of Henry II of England (b. 1155)
- July – Maria Comnena (Porphyrogenita), Byzantine princess (poisoned) (b. 1149)
- October – Alexius II Comnenus, Byzantine Emperor (b. 1167)
- November 23 – William Fitz Robert, 2nd Earl of Gloucester (b. 1116)
- Renier of Montferrat (the Caesar John), Italian husband of Maria Comnena (poisoned) (b. 1162)