119th Fighter Squadron

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119th Fighter Squadron
F-16C New Jersey ANG over Atlantic City 2001.JPEG
An F-16 Fighting Falcon of the 119th Fighter Squadron, New Jersey Air National Guard prepares to land at the Atlantic City International Airport.
Active 5 June 1917-Present
Country  United States
Allegiance  New Jersey
Branch US-AirNationalGuard-2007Emblem.svg  Air National Guard
Type Wing
Role Composite Air Refueling
Part of New Jersey Air National Guard
Garrison/HQ Atlantic City Air National Guard Base, Egg Harbor, New Jersey
Tail Code Red Tail Stripe "New Jersey" in white, "AC"
Insignia
119th Fighter Squadron emblem 119th Fighter Squadron emblem.jpg

The 119th Fighter Squadron (119 FS) is a unit of the New Jersey Air National Guard 177th Fighter Wing located at Atlantic City Air National Guard Base, New Jersey. The 119th is equipped with the F-16 Fighting Falcon aircraft.

The squadron is a descendant organization of the World War I 5th Aviation School Squadron (later 119th Aero Squadron), established on 5 June 1917. It was reformed on 30 January 1930, as the 119th Observation Squadron, and is one of the 29 original National Guard Observation Squadrons of the United States Army National Guard formed before World War II.

History[edit]

Origins[edit]

The 119th Fighter Squadron is one of the oldest units in the United States Air Force, its origins beginning in June 1917 as the World War I 5th Aviation School Squadron at Langley Field, Virginia. In September 1917 it was redesignated as the 119th Aero Squadron. Not deployed overseas, the unit was inactivated in May 1919.

The squadron was reactivated in 1930 when it was reorganized as the 119th Observation Squadron, New Jersey National Guard, at Metropolitan Airport, Newark, New Jersey as an air arm of the 44th Division Aviation and received federal recognition in January 1930.

In 1934, aircraft of the 119th Observation Squadron were dispatched to the scene of the "Morro Castle", a ship burning off the coast of Asbury Park, New Jersey. Many hours were spent flying over the ship and adjacent water assisting in the direction of rescue efforts and locating survivors.

The 119th Observation Squadron fell victim to the "draft" on 16 September 1940, when it was inducted into active service. The unit continued as the 119th until 12 April 1948, at which time it became the 490th Fighter Squadron. The 490th was disbanded in May 1944 while still at Thomasville, Georgia.

New Jersey Air National Guard[edit]

119th Fighter Squadron - North American F-51H-5-NA Mustang 44-64310.

The wartime 490th Fighter Squadron was reconstituted on 21 June 1945. It was then re-designated as the 119th Fighter Squadron, and was allotted to the New Jersey Air National Guard, on 24 May 1946. It was organized at Newark Airport, New Jersey and was extended federal recognition on 9 June 1947. The 119th Fighter Squadron was entitled to the history, honors, and colors of the 490th. The squadron was equipped with F-47D Thunderbolts and was allocated to the First Air Force, Continental Air Command by the National Guard Bureau.

The 119th moved to the former Atlantic City Naval Air Station, now known as the William J. Hughes Technical Center, on 5 August 1958. This change of station also brought about a change in aircraft to the F-84F. The 119th was called to active duty again in October 1961, for the Berlin Crisis. The unit remained at home station; however, the pilots were periodically rotated to Chaumont Air Base, France.

On 15 October 1962, the 119th was authorized to expand to a group level, and the 177th Tactical Fighter Group was established by the National Guard Bureau. The 119th TFS becoming the group's flying squadron. Other squadrons assigned into the group were the 177th Headquarters, 177th Material Squadron (Maintenance), 177th Combat Support Squadron, and the 177th USAF Dispensary. The 119th transitioned into F-86H aircraft. Two years later, the unit transitioned into F-100 "Super Sabres".

Members of the 332nd Expeditionary Aircraft Maintenance Squadron (EAMXS), place an F-16C+ Fighting Falcon from the Members of the 332nd Expeditionary Aircraft Maintenance Squadron (EAMXS), place an F-16C+ Fighting Falcon from the 119th Fighter Squadron, 177th Fighter Wing back in a hardened aircraft shelter (HAS) at Joint Base Balad, Iraq on 4 May 2010

In January 1968, a new crisis, the seizure of the American ship USS Pueblo by North Korean forces, and again the 119th was called to active duty. In May 1968, the squadron was activated to federal service, and its personnel were assigned to the 113th Tactical Fighter Wing, Myrtle Beach AFB, South Carolina. Personnel were spread throughout the United States, Taiwan, Korea, and Vietnam with the main unit stationed at the 113 TFW. The 119 TFS returned to Atlantic City, New Jersey, in June 1969, and transitioned into the F-105 'Thunderchief" in 1970.

In 1972, Headquarters Air Force announced that the 119th TFS would be assigned to the Aerospace Defense Command and be responsible for protecting the United States from airborne attacks, and so was reorganized as the 177th Fighter Interceptor Group and 119th Fighter Interceptor Squadron. In 1973, the unit transitioned into the F-106 "Delta Dart" and assumed alert status the following year. The Aerospace Defense Command then came under TAC as the Air Defense Tactical Air Command (ADTAC), and then again changed to a numbered Air Force, 1st Air Force. During 1988, the unit transitioned into the F-16A/B, "Fighting Falcon", and received an "excellent" rating during its first Operational Readiness Inspection with the F-16 in October 1989.

From 1 May through 13 June 1998, the squadron deployed five F-16C Fighting Falcon aircraft and 46 personnel to Howard AFB, Panama, in support of OPERATION CORONET NIGHTHAWK. 130 personnel rotated on a two-week basis during the six-week deployment. Operating as part of a joint interagency task force, the wing’s role was to detect and identify suspected drug smuggling aircraft. Once identified, the suspected aircraft are turned over to law enforcement agencies for apprehension.

As the events of 11 September unfolded, the 119th Fighter Squadron, through years of preparation, training and commitment launched to our nation's emergency and desperate call for help. These Air Guard warriors brought with them the character and core values of generations of heroic citizen soldiers and airmen. Since October 2001, the unit has had an active involvement in Operation Noble Eagle, Operation Southern Watch, Operation Northern Watch, Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom.

Lineage[edit]

119th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron Embken
  • Organized as 5th Aviation School Squadron on 5 Jun 1917
Redesignated: 119th Aero Squadron on 2 Sep 1917
Redesignated: Detachment No, 11, Air Service, Aircraft Production on 31 July 1918
Demobilized on 29 May 1919
  • Constituted in the National Guard as the 119th Squadron (Observation), 1921
Allocated to the State of New Jersey , 1921
Re-designated: 119th Observation Squadron, 25 January 1923
Organized and Federally Recognized 30 January 1930
  • Consolidated with Detachment No, 11, Air Service, Aircraft Production, 17 October 1936
Reconstituted 17 October 1936
Ordered to active service on 16 Sep 1940
Re-designated: 119th Observation Squadron (Medium) on 13 Jan 1942
Re-designated: 119th Observation Squadron on 4 Jul 1942
Inactivated on 18 Oct 1942
  • Activated on 1 Mar 1943.
Re-designated: 119th Reconnaissance Squadron (Fighter) on 2 Apr 1943
Re-designated: 490th Fighter Squadron on 11 Aug 1943
Disbanded on 1 May 1944
  • Reconstituted on 21 Jun 1945.
Re-designated 119th Fighter Squadron, and allotted to New Jersey Air National Guard on 24 May 1946
Extended federal recognition and activated, 9 Feb 1947
Re-designated: 119th Tactical Fighter Squadron, 1 October 1961
Federalized and placed on active duty, 1 October 1961
Released from active duty and returned to New Jersey state control, 1 August 1962
Federalized and placed on active duty, 1 April 1968
Released from active duty and returned to New Jersey state control, 27 May 1969
Re-designated: 119th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron, 31 October 1972
Re-designated: 119th Fighter Squadron, 8 August 1988

Assignments[edit]

  • Post Headquarters, Langley Field, 5 June 1917 – 29 May 1919
  • 44th Division, New Jersey NG, 1921-15 February 1929 (Not activated)
  • New Jersey National Guard
Attached to: 44th Division (Divisional aviation), 30 January 1930
Attached to 59th Observation Group, 1 Sep 1941

Stations[edit]

Aircraft Operated[1][edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  1. ^ World Airpower Journal. (1992). US Air Force Air Power Directory. Aerospace Publishing: London, UK. ISBN 1-880588-01-3

External links[edit]