11th Armoured Cavalry Division

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11 Lubuska Dywizja Kawalerii Pancernej
Odznaka rozpoznawcza 11DKPanc.jpg
Badge of the 11th Armoured Cavalry Division.
Active 1949-Present
Country Poland
Branch Polish Land Forces
Type Armoured division
Role armoured warfare
Size 14,000 soldiers
Garrison/HQ Żagań
Nickname Lubuska
Patron Jan III Sobieski
Anniversaries September 12th
Equipment T-72, PT-91 Twardy Tanks
BMP-2, M113 armoured personnel carriers.

The 11th "Lubuska" Armoured Cavalry Division (Polish: 11 Lubuska Dywizja Kawalerii Pancernej) is an armoured division of the Polish Land Forces, which traces its history to the formation of the 11th Infantry Division of the Polish Armed Forces in the East in 1945.

The 11th Armoured Cavalry Division draws its history in a straight line from the formation in March and April 1945, in the region of Lodz of the 11th Infantry Division.

In March 1949, on the basis of the 11th Infantry Division, the 6th Tank Regiment, and the 25th Armored Artillery Regiment, the 11th Motorised Infantry Division was formed. The division became a part of the 2nd Armoured Corps. The 11th Motorised Infantry Division was authorized 10,028 soldiers, 76 medium tanks, 21 assault guns, 5 armoured cars, 73 76-mm artillery pieces, 26 122-mm howitzers, 90 82-mm mortars, and 60 120-mm mortars. This unit was structured and quartered as:

11th Motorised Infantry Division (1949)

Division Headquarters and Staff - Żary

  • 29th Motorised Infantry Regiment - Jelenia Góra
  • 40th Motorised Infantry Regiment - Bolesławiec
  • 42nd Motorised Infantry Regiment - Żary
  • 8th Medium Tank Regiment - Żagań
  • 33rd Light Artillery Regiment - Żary
  • 92nd Antitank Artillery Regiment - Bolesławiec
  • 17th Mortar Regiment - Żagań
  • 15th Anti-Aircraft Artillery Battalion - Żagań
  • 9th Reconnaissance Battalion - Żagań
  • 16th Sapper Battalion - Żary
  • 34th Signal Battalion - Żary
  • 44th Motor Transport Company - Żary
  • Vehicle repair workshops 10, 11, and 12 - Żary

In 1950 the division was reorganized as the 11th "Dresden" Mechanised Division, and authorized 7,636 soldiers, 138 medium tanks, 19 assault guns, 15 armoured cars, 26 122-mm howitzers, 40 76-mm artillery pieces, nine 57-mm antitank guns, 21 37-mm anti-aircraft guns, 40 82-mm mortars, and 54 120-mm mortars. On September 4, 1956, the 2nd Armoured Corps headquarters stood down and the 11th Division was subordinated to the command of the Silesian Military District. This iteration was structured and quartered as:

11th Mechanised Division (1950)

Division Headquarters and Staff - Żagań

  • 29th Mechanised Infantry Regiment - Żagań
  • 42nd Mechanised Infantry Regiment - Żary
  • 67th Mechanised Infantry Regiment - Opole
  • 8th "Dresden" Medium Tank Regiment - Żagań
  • 33rd Light Artillery Regiment - Żary
  • 92nd Antitank Artillery Regiment - Bolesławiec
  • 17th Mortar Regiment - Żagań
  • 15th Anti-Aircraft Artillery Battalion - Żagań
  • 9th Reconnaissance Battalion - Żagań
  • 16th Sapper Battalion - Żary
  • 34th Signal Battalion - Żagań
  • 44th Motor Transport Company - Żagań
  • Vehicle repair workshop 10 - Żagań
  • Vehicle repair workshops 11 and 12 - Żary

In summer 1957 the reorganization of the division was carried out, and in April 1963 it reorganized as the 11th Armoured Division. In August and September 1968, the 11th Armoured Division was one of the Polish units that took part in the Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia. The 11th Armoured Division was structured and quartered as:

11th Armoured Division (1989)

Division Headquarters and Staff - Żagań

  • 3rd Medium Tank Regiment - Żagań
  • 8th Medium Tank Regiment - Żagań
  • 29th "Dresden" Medium Tank Regiment - Żagań
  • 42nd Mechanised Infantry Regiment - Żary
  • 33rd Light Artillery Regiment - Żary
  • 66th Anti-Aircraft Artillery Regiment - Bolesławiec
  • 10th Tactical Rocket Artillery Battalion - Żary (9K52 ŁUNA-M rockets)
  • 43rd Rocket Artillery Battalion - Żary (BM-21 Grad rockets)
  • 9th Reconnaissance Battalion - Żagań
  • 16th Sapper Battalion - Żary
  • 11th Supply Battalion - Żagań
  • 11th Maintenance Battalion - Żagań
  • 34th Signal Battalion - Żagań
  • 60th Medical Battalion - Żagań
  • 17th Chemical Company - Żagań
  • Military Police Company - Żagań

In 1990 the division was reorganized as the 11th Mechanised Division. In September 1991 the division lost the distinguished name "Dresden". In July 1992, the type-designation "armoured cavalry" was granted, although the division was eventually restructured as a regular armoured division. The new type designation recalled the service of pre-war and Second World War Western Front Polish armoured units.

As of July 2011, the division is structured and quartered in this manner (the supply and maintenance battalions were transferred to the 4th Regional Logistics Base):

11th Armoured Cavalry Division is located in Poland
11th AC Division (Żagań)
11th AC Division (Żagań)
12th Mech Division (Szczecin)
12th Mech Division (Szczecin)
16th Mech Division (Elbląg)
16th Mech Division (Elbląg)
Polish Land Forces - division locations

11th Armoured Cavalry Division (2011)

Divisional Headquarters and 11th Headquarters Battalion - Żagań

Notes[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Wiesław Chłopek, 11 Lubuska Dywizja Kawalerii Pancernej im. Króla Jana III Sobieskiego. Zarys dziejów, Wydawnictwo "Chroma", Żary 2005, wyd. I, ISBN 83-922412-3-1
  • Zdzisław Sawicki, Mundur i odznaki Wojska Polskiego. Czas przemian, Warszawa: Bellona, 1997

External links[edit]