11th G7 summit

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11th G7 summit
Schaumburg Palace in Bonn
Host country West Germany
Dates May 2–4, 1985
Follows 10th G7 summit
Precedes 12th G7 summit

The 11th G7 Summit was held in Bonn, West Germany between May 2 and May 4 in 1985. The venue for the summit meeting was at the former official residence of the Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany in Bonn, the Palais Schaumburg.[1]

The Group of Seven (G7) was an unofficial forum which brought together the heads of the richest industrialized countries: France, West Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada (since 1976)[2] and the President of the European Commission (starting officially in 1981).[3] The summits were not meant to be linked formally with wider international institutions; and in fact, a mild rebellion against the stiff formality of other international meetings was a part of the genesis of cooperation between France's President Giscard d'Estaing and West Germany's Chancellor Helmut Schmidt as they conceived the first Group of Six (G6) summit in 1975.[4]

Leaders at the Summit[edit]

The G7 is an unofficial annual forum for the leaders of Canada, the European Commission, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States.[3]

Core G7 participants[edit]

These summit participants are the current "core members" of the international forum:[5]

Core G7 members
Host nation and leader are indicated in bold text.
Member Represented by Title
Canada Canada Brian Mulroney [1] Prime Minister
France France François Mitterrand [1] President
Germany West Germany Helmut Kohl [1] Chancellor
Italy Italy Bettino Craxi [1] Prime Minister
Japan Japan Yasuhiro Nakasone [1] Prime Minister
United Kingdom United Kingdom Margaret Thatcher [1] Prime Minister
United States United States Ronald Reagan [1] President
European Union European Commission Jacques Delors [6] President

Issues[edit]

The summit was intended as a venue for resolving differences among its members. As a practical matter, the summit was also conceived as an opportunity for its members to give each other mutual encouragement in the face of difficult economic decisions.[4] Issues which were discussed at this summit included:

  • Growth and Employment
  • Relations with Developing Countries
  • Multilateral Trading System and International Monetary System
  • Environment Policies
  • Cooperation in Science and Technology

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Japan, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA): Summit Meetings in the Past.. Accessed 2009-03-11. Archived 2009-04-29.
  2. ^ Saunders, Doug. "Weight of the world too heavy for G8 shoulders," Globe and Mail (Toronto). July 5, 2008 -- n.b., the G7 becomes the Group of Eight (G7) with the inclusion of Russia starting in 1997.
  3. ^ a b Reuters: "Factbox: The Group of Eight: what is it?", July 3, 2008.
  4. ^ a b Reinalda, Bob and Bertjan Verbeek. (1998). Autonomous Policy Making by International Organizations, p. 205.
  5. ^ Rieffel, Lex. "Regional Voices in Global Governance: Looking to 2010 (Part IV)," Brookings. March 27, 2009; "core" members (Muskoka 2010 G-8, official site).
  6. ^ MOFA: Summit (11); European Union: "EU and the G8"

References[edit]

External links[edit]