11th parallel north

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11°
11th parallel north

The 11th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 11 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses Africa, the Indian Ocean, South Asia, Southeast Asia, the Pacific Ocean, Central America, South America and the Atlantic Ocean.

At this latitude the sun is visible for 12 hours, 46 minutes during the summer solstice and 11 hours, 29 minutes during the winter solstice.[1]

In Thailand, a 1966 cabinet resolution restricts the rights of non-Thai companies to conduct mineral exploration or mining operations north of this parallel.[2]

Around the world[edit]

Starting at the Prime Meridian and heading eastwards, the parallel 11° north passes through:

Co-ordinates Country, territory or sea Notes
11°0′N 0°0′E / 11.000°N 0.000°E / 11.000; 0.000 (Prime Meridian)  Ghana
11°0′N 0°2′E / 11.000°N 0.033°E / 11.000; 0.033 (Togo)  Togo
11°0′N 0°30′E / 11.000°N 0.500°E / 11.000; 0.500 (Burkina Faso)  Burkina Faso
11°0′N 0°55′E / 11.000°N 0.917°E / 11.000; 0.917 (Benin)  Benin
11°0′N 3°45′E / 11.000°N 3.750°E / 11.000; 3.750 (Nigeria)  Nigeria
11°0′N 13°46′E / 11.000°N 13.767°E / 11.000; 13.767 (Cameroon)  Cameroon
11°0′N 15°3′E / 11.000°N 15.050°E / 11.000; 15.050 (Chad)  Chad
11°0′N 22°28′E / 11.000°N 22.467°E / 11.000; 22.467 (Central African Republic)  Central African Republic The extreme north of the country, for about 8 km
11°0′N 22°32′E / 11.000°N 22.533°E / 11.000; 22.533 (Chad)  Chad
11°0′N 22°54′E / 11.000°N 22.900°E / 11.000; 22.900 (Sudan)  Sudan
11°0′N 32°25′E / 11.000°N 32.417°E / 11.000; 32.417 (South Sudan)  South Sudan
11°0′N 33°14′E / 11.000°N 33.233°E / 11.000; 33.233 (Sudan)  Sudan
11°0′N 34°58′E / 11.000°N 34.967°E / 11.000; 34.967 (Ethiopia)  Ethiopia
11°0′N 41°48′E / 11.000°N 41.800°E / 11.000; 41.800 (Djibouti)  Djibouti
11°0′N 42°27′E / 11.000°N 42.450°E / 11.000; 42.450 (Ethiopia)  Ethiopia
11°0′N 42°47′E / 11.000°N 42.783°E / 11.000; 42.783 (Djibouti)  Djibouti
11°0′N 42°58′E / 11.000°N 42.967°E / 11.000; 42.967 (Somalia)  Somalia Somaliland
11°0′N 43°39′E / 11.000°N 43.650°E / 11.000; 43.650 (Gulf of Aden) Gulf of Aden
11°0′N 47°6′E / 11.000°N 47.100°E / 11.000; 47.100 (Somalia)  Somalia Somaliland and Puntland
11°0′N 51°7′E / 11.000°N 51.117°E / 11.000; 51.117 (Indian Ocean) Indian Ocean Arabian Sea
Passing between the islands of Bangaram and Amini in  India's Lakshadweep Islands
Lakshadweep Sea
11°0′N 75°51′E / 11.000°N 75.850°E / 11.000; 75.850 (India)  India Kerala
Tamil Nadu
Puducherry: Karaikal district, for about 4 km
11°0′N 79°51′E / 11.000°N 79.850°E / 11.000; 79.850 (Indian Ocean) Indian Ocean Bay of Bengal
Passing between Rutland Island and Little Andaman in  India's Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Andaman Sea - passing just north of the island of Lanbi Kyun,  Burma
11°0′N 98°26′E / 11.000°N 98.433°E / 11.000; 98.433 (Myanmar)  Burma (Burma) Island of Kau-Ye Kyun, and the mainland
11°0′N 99°6′E / 11.000°N 99.100°E / 11.000; 99.100 (Thailand)  Thailand
11°0′N 99°29′E / 11.000°N 99.483°E / 11.000; 99.483 (Gulf of Thailand) Gulf of Thailand
11°0′N 103°6′E / 11.000°N 103.100°E / 11.000; 103.100 (Cambodia)  Cambodia
11°0′N 103°25′E / 11.000°N 103.417°E / 11.000; 103.417 (Bay of Kompong Som) Bay of Kompong Som
11°0′N 103°39′E / 11.000°N 103.650°E / 11.000; 103.650 (Cambodia)  Cambodia
11°0′N 105°42′E / 11.000°N 105.700°E / 11.000; 105.700 (Vietnam)  Vietnam For about 10 km
11°0′N 105°47′E / 11.000°N 105.783°E / 11.000; 105.783 (Cambodia)  Cambodia
11°0′N 106°12′E / 11.000°N 106.200°E / 11.000; 106.200 (Vietnam)  Vietnam
11°0′N 108°21′E / 11.000°N 108.350°E / 11.000; 108.350 (South China Sea) South China Sea Passing through the disputed Spratly Islands
11°0′N 119°16′E / 11.000°N 119.267°E / 11.000; 119.267 (Philippines)  Philippines Island of Palawan
11°0′N 119°30′E / 11.000°N 119.500°E / 11.000; 119.500 (Sulu Sea) Sulu Sea Passing amongst the Cuyo Islands,  Philippines
11°0′N 122°2′E / 11.000°N 122.033°E / 11.000; 122.033 (Philippines)  Philippines Island of Panay
11°0′N 122°51′E / 11.000°N 122.850°E / 11.000; 122.850 (Guimaras Strait) Guimaras Strait
11°0′N 123°11′E / 11.000°N 123.183°E / 11.000; 123.183 (Philippines)  Philippines Island of Negros (northernmost tip)
11°0′N 123°12′E / 11.000°N 123.200°E / 11.000; 123.200 (Visayan Sea) Visayan Sea
11°0′N 123°56′E / 11.000°N 123.933°E / 11.000; 123.933 (Philippines)  Philippines Island of Cebu
11°0′N 124°2′E / 11.000°N 124.033°E / 11.000; 124.033 (Camotes Sea) Camotes Sea
11°0′N 124°26′E / 11.000°N 124.433°E / 11.000; 124.433 (Philippines)  Philippines Island of Leyte
11°0′N 125°2′E / 11.000°N 125.033°E / 11.000; 125.033 (Pacific Ocean) Pacific Ocean
11°0′N 125°37′E / 11.000°N 125.617°E / 11.000; 125.617 (Philippines)  Philippines Island of Manicani
11°0′N 125°39′E / 11.000°N 125.650°E / 11.000; 125.650 (Pacific Ocean) Pacific Ocean
11°0′N 125°47′E / 11.000°N 125.783°E / 11.000; 125.783 (Philippines)  Philippines Island of Calicoan
11°0′N 125°48′E / 11.000°N 125.800°E / 11.000; 125.800 (Pacific Ocean) Pacific Ocean Passing just south of Ailinginae and Rongelap atolls,  Marshall Islands
Passing just south of Toke atoll,  Marshall Islands
11°0′N 85°43′W / 11.000°N 85.717°W / 11.000; -85.717 (Costa Rica)  Costa Rica
11°0′N 85°4′W / 11.000°N 85.067°W / 11.000; -85.067 (Nicaragua)  Nicaragua
11°0′N 84°49′W / 11.000°N 84.817°W / 11.000; -84.817 (Costa Rica)  Costa Rica
11°0′N 84°29′W / 11.000°N 84.483°W / 11.000; -84.483 (Nicaragua)  Nicaragua
11°0′N 83°47′W / 11.000°N 83.783°W / 11.000; -83.783 (Caribbean Sea) Caribbean Sea
11°0′N 74°47′W / 11.000°N 74.783°W / 11.000; -74.783 (Colombia)  Colombia
11°0′N 74°34′W / 11.000°N 74.567°W / 11.000; -74.567 (Caribbean Sea) Caribbean Sea
11°0′N 74°17′W / 11.000°N 74.283°W / 11.000; -74.283 (Colombia)  Colombia
11°0′N 72°31′W / 11.000°N 72.517°W / 11.000; -72.517 (Venezuela)  Venezuela
11°0′N 71°37′W / 11.000°N 71.617°W / 11.000; -71.617 (Caribbean Sea) Caribbean Sea Gulf of Venezuela
11°0′N 71°12′W / 11.000°N 71.200°W / 11.000; -71.200 (Venezuela)  Venezuela
11°0′N 68°19′W / 11.000°N 68.317°W / 11.000; -68.317 (Caribbean Sea) Caribbean Sea Passing just north of La Tortuga Island,  Venezuela
11°0′N 64°23′W / 11.000°N 64.383°W / 11.000; -64.383 (Venezuela)  Venezuela Isla Margarita
11°0′N 63°47′W / 11.000°N 63.783°W / 11.000; -63.783 (Caribbean Sea) Caribbean Sea Passing between the islands of Trinidad and Tobago,  Trinidad and Tobago
11°0′N 61°0′W / 11.000°N 61.000°W / 11.000; -61.000 (Atlantic Ocean) Atlantic Ocean Passing just south of the Bissagos Islands,  Guinea-Bissau
11°0′N 15°14′W / 11.000°N 15.233°W / 11.000; -15.233 (Guinea-Bissau)  Guinea-Bissau
11°0′N 14°57′W / 11.000°N 14.950°W / 11.000; -14.950 (Guinea)  Guinea
11°0′N 8°41′W / 11.000°N 8.683°W / 11.000; -8.683 (Mali)  Mali
11°0′N 8°31′W / 11.000°N 8.517°W / 11.000; -8.517 (Guinea)  Guinea
11°0′N 8°17′W / 11.000°N 8.283°W / 11.000; -8.283 (Mali)  Mali
11°0′N 9°29′W / 11.000°N 9.483°W / 11.000; -9.483 (Burkina Faso)  Burkina Faso
11°0′N 2°50′W / 11.000°N 2.833°W / 11.000; -2.833 (Ghana)  Ghana For about 8 km
11°0′N 2°46′W / 11.000°N 2.767°W / 11.000; -2.767 (Burkina Faso)  Burkina Faso
11°0′N 1°35′W / 11.000°N 1.583°W / 11.000; -1.583 (Ghana)  Ghana
11°0′N 1°24′W / 11.000°N 1.400°W / 11.000; -1.400 (Burkina Faso)  Burkina Faso
11°0′N 1°7′W / 11.000°N 1.117°W / 11.000; -1.117 (Ghana)  Ghana For about 9 km
11°0′N 1°3′W / 11.000°N 1.050°W / 11.000; -1.050 (Burkina Faso)  Burkina Faso
11°0′N 0°50′W / 11.000°N 0.833°W / 11.000; -0.833 (Ghana)  Ghana For about 2 km
11°0′N 0°48′W / 11.000°N 0.800°W / 11.000; -0.800 (Burkina Faso)  Burkina Faso
11°0′N 0°30′W / 11.000°N 0.500°W / 11.000; -0.500 (Ghana)  Ghana

As a border[edit]

The border between Ghana and what was then French Upper Volta (now Burkina Faso) was fixed by treaty between the French and British at the Conference of Paris in 1898, to be the 11th parallel.[3] The border does not follow the boundary exactly, but follows it approximately, crossing over it several times.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://aa.usno.navy.mil/data/docs/Dur_OneYear.php
  2. ^ Doing Business in Thailand. By Thailand BLC Publishing Co.;(1988)
  3. ^ Kevin Shillington (2005). "Burkina Faso (Upper Volta): Nineteenth Century". Encyclopedia of African History. CRC Press. p. 181. ISBN 1-57958-245-1. 

See also[edit]