1200s (decade)

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries: 12th century13th century14th century
Decades: 1170s 1180s 1190s1200s1210s 1220s 1230s
Years: 1200 1201 1202 1203 1204 1205 1206 1207 1208 1209
Categories: BirthsDeathsArchitecture
EstablishmentsDisestablishments

This is a list of events occurring in the 1200s, ordered by year.

1200[edit]

1201[edit]

1202[edit]

By area[edit]

Asia[edit]

Europe[edit]

By topic[edit]

Culture[edit]

Religion[edit]

1203[edit]

By area[edit]

Asia[edit]

Europe[edit]

By topic[edit]

Markets[edit]

  • First evidence that the Temple in London is extending loans to the king of England. The sums remained relatively small but were often used for critical operations such as the ransoming of the king’s soldiers captured by the French.[6]

Religion[edit]

1204[edit]

Conquest of Constantinople by the Crusaders

1205[edit]

By area[edit]

Africa[edit]

  • The general Muhammad al_Inti b. Abi Hafs establishes the Almohad domination over the eastern parts of Ifriqiya and enters in Tripoli.[5]

Asia[edit]

Europe[edit]

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]

  • July 15 – Pope lays down the principle that Jews are doomed to perpetual servitude because they had crucified Jesus.


1206[edit]

By area[edit]

Asia[edit]

Europe[edit]

By topic[edit]

Arts and culture[edit]

  • Sugar, an import from the Muslim world, is mentioned for the first time in a royal English account. Almonds, cinnamon, ginger, and nutmeg are also imported for royal banquets.[9]

Education[edit]

Religion[edit]

Technics[edit]

  • The Arab engineer al-Jazari describes many mechanical inventions in his book (title translated to English) The Book of Knowledge of Ingenious Mechanical Devices.


1207[edit]

By area[edit]

Asia[edit]

  • Before 1207 – Kosho makes Kuya Preaching. Kamakura period. It is now kept at Rokuhara Mitsu-ji, Kyoto.
  • Hōnen and his followers are exiled to remote parts of Japan, while a few are executed, for what the government considers heretical Buddhist teachings.

Europe[edit]

By topic[edit]

Markets[edit]

  • First evidence of forced loans in Venice. This technique becomes the staple of public finance in Europe until the 16th century.[12]

Religion[edit]

1208[edit]

By area[edit]

Asia[edit]

  • April 15 – A fire breaks out in the Song Chinese capital city of Hangzhou, raging for 4 days and nights, destroying 58,097 houses over an area of more than 3 miles, killing 59 people, and an unrecorded number of other people who are trampled while attempting to flee. The government provides temporary lodging for 5,345 people in nearby Buddhist and Taoist monasteries. The collective victims of the disaster are given 160,000 strings of cash, along with 400 tons of rice. Some of the government officials who lost their homes take up residence in rented boathouses on the nearby West Lake.

Europe[edit]

By topic[edit]

Arts and culture[edit]

1209[edit]

By area[edit]

Asia[edit]

Europe[edit]

  • The Albigensian Crusade is launched against the Cathars.
  • June – Treaty of Sapienza: the Republic of Venice recognizes the possession of the Peloponnese by the Prince of Achaea, Geoffrey I of Villehardouin, and keeps only the fortresses of Modon and Coron.
  • November – John of England is excommunicated by Pope Innocent III. Despite the excommunication, John will continue to make amends to the Church, including giving alms to the poor whenever he defiles a holy day by hunting during it. This year, he feeds a hundred paupers to make up for when he "went into the woods on the feast of St. Mary Magdalen" and three years from now, he will feast 450 paupers "because the king went to take cranes, and he took nine, for each of which he feasted fifty paupers."[14]
  • London Bridge is completed.
  • Black Monday, Dublin: A group of 500 recently arrived settlers from Bristol are massacred by warriors of the Gaelic O'Byrne clan. The group leaves the safety of the walled city of Dublin to celebrate Easter Monday near a wood at Ranelagh and are attacked without warning. Although in modern times a relatively obscure event in history, it is commemorated by a mustering of the Mayor, Sheriffs and soldiers on the day as a challenge to the native tribes for centuries afterwards.

By topic[edit]

Education[edit]

Markets[edit]

  • Philippe Auguste of France grants a "conduit" to merchants going to the Champagne fairs guaranteeing the safety of their travel as any attempt made against them is now to be considered as a crime of lese-majesty. The decision increases again the appeal of the fairs to merchants from Italy and the Low Countries.[15]
  • Formation of the banking firm known as the Gran Tavola, most of the partners are members of the Bonsignori family. [16]

Religion[edit]


Significant people[edit]

Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ King John by Warren. Published by University of California Press in 1961. p. 64
  2. ^ King John by Warren. Published by University of California Press in 1961. p. 122
  3. ^ King John by Warren. Published by University of California Press in 1961. p. 131
  4. ^ Warren, W. L. (1961). King John. University of California Press. p. 77-78. 
  5. ^ a b Picard, Christophe (1997). La mer et les musulmans d'Occident VIIIe-XIIIe siècle. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France. 
  6. ^ Ferris, Eleanor (1902). "The Financial Relations of the Knights Templars to the English Crown". American Historical Review 8 (1). 
  7. ^ King John by Warren. Published by University of California Press in 1961. p. 111
  8. ^ King John by Warren. Published by University of California Press in 1961. p. 130
  9. ^ King John by Warren. Published by University of California Press in 1961. p. 139
  10. ^ Munro, John H. (2003). "The Medieval Origins of the Financial Revolution". The International History Review 15 (3): 506–562. 
  11. ^ King John by Warren. Published by University of California Press in 1961. p. 11
  12. ^ Munro, John H. (2003). "The Medieval Origins of the Financial Revolution". The International History Review 15 (3): 506–562. 
  13. ^ King John by Warren. Published by University of California Press in 1961. p. 171
  14. ^ King John by Warren. Published by University of California Press in 1961. p. 141
  15. ^ Recueils de la Société Jean Bodin pour l'histoire comparative des institutions. Paris: Éditions de la Librairie encyclopedique. 1953. 
  16. ^ Catoni, Giuliano. "BONSIGNORI". Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani. Retrieved 20 December 2011.