From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This article is about the year 1202.
|Centuries:||12th century – 13th century – 14th century|
|Decades:||1170s 1180s 1190s – 1200s – 1210s 1220s 1230s|
|Years:||1199 1200 1201 – 1202 – 1203 1204 1205|
|1202 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1202 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||1955|
|Bahá'í calendar||−642 – −641|
|English Regnal year||3 Joh. 1 – 4 Joh. 1|
|Chinese calendar||辛酉年 (Metal Rooster)
3898 or 3838
— to —
壬戌年 (Water Dog)
3899 or 3839
|- Vikram Samvat||1258–1259|
|- Shaka Samvat||1124–1125|
|- Kali Yuga||4303–4304|
|Japanese calendar||Kennin 2
|Minguo calendar||710 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||1745|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1202.|
- July – John, King of England rescues his mother, Eleanor of Aquitaine, from near capture by the rebellious forces of Arthur I, Duke of Brittany.
- July 27 – Georgians defeat the Seljuqids of Rüm at the Battle of Basian.
- August 1 – Arthur I, Duke of Brittany is captured in Mirabeau, north of Poitiers, during a battle with John, King of England.
- November 10–23 – Fourth Crusade – Siege of Zara: In the first major action of the Crusade, the Crusaders besiege and conquer Zadar in Croatia. Unable to pay the Republic of Venice in cash for its contributions to the Crusade, the Crusaders agree to sack the city (an economic rival to Venice) despite letters from Pope Innocent III forbidding such an action and threatening excommunication. This is the first attack against a Catholic city by Catholic Crusaders.
- The Almohad fleet expels the Banu Ghaniya from the Balearic Islands.
- The Livonian Brothers of the Sword is founded to support a crusade against the inhabitants of Medieval Livonia.
- Pope Innocent III reasserts his right to evaluate and crown the Holy Roman Emperor, in a letter to Berthold V, Duke of Zähringen.
- Leonardo Fibonacci of Pisa writes Liber Abaci, about the modus Indorum, the Hindu–Arabic numeral system, including use of zero; it is the first major work in Europe to move away from the use of Roman numerals.
- Approximate date – The first jesters are hired in European courts.
- June 2 – Margaret II, Countess of Flanders (d. 1278)
- Matilda II, Countess of Boulogne, spouse of King Afonso III of Portugal (d. 1262)
- Qin Jiushao, Chinese mathematician of the Song dynasty (d. 1261)
- January 9 – Birger Brosa, jarl since 1174
- March 9 – Sverre Sigurdsson, King of Norway since 1184
- March 13 – Mieszko III the Old, king of Poland (b. c. 1121)
- May 7 – Hamelin de Warenne, Earl of Surrey
- November 12 – Canute VI of Denmark (b. 1163)
- Cathal Carragh Ua Conchobair, King of Connacht
- Alain de Lille, French theologian and poet (b. c. 1128)
- Warren, W. L. (1961). King John. University of California Press. p. 77-78.
- Picard, Christophe (1997). La mer et les musulmans d'Occident VIIIe-XIIIe siècle. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.