From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Centuries:||12th century – 13th century – 14th century|
|Decades:||1170s 1180s 1190s – 1200s – 1210s 1220s 1230s|
|Years:||1205 1206 1207 – 1208 – 1209 1210 1211|
|1208 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1208 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||1961|
|Bahá'í calendar||−636 – −635|
|English Regnal year||9 Joh. 1 – 10 Joh. 1|
|Chinese calendar||丁卯年 (Fire Rabbit)
3904 or 3844
— to —
戊辰年 (Earth Dragon)
3905 or 3845
|- Vikram Samvat||1264–1265|
|- Shaka Samvat||1130–1131|
|- Kali Yuga||4309–4310|
|Japanese calendar||Jōgen (Kamakura period) 2
|Minguo calendar||704 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||1751|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1208.|
- April 15 – A fire breaks out in the Song Chinese capital city of Hangzhou, raging for 4 days and nights, destroying 58,097 houses over an area of more than 3 miles, killing 59 people, and an unrecorded number of other people who are trampled while attempting to flee. The government provides temporary lodging for 5,345 people in nearby Buddhist and Taoist monasteries. The collective victims of the disaster are given 160,000 strings of cash, along with 400 tons of rice. Some of the government officials who lost their homes take up residence in rented boathouses on the nearby West Lake.
- January 15 – Peter of Castelnau is killed by a vassal of Raymond VI of Toulouse, who is held responsible and excommunicated by Pope Innocent III.
- January 31 – Battle of Lena: Inferior Swedish forces defeat the invading Danes and king Sverker the Younger is deposed as king of Sweden. He is succeeded by his rival Erik Knutsson.
- March 24 – Pope Innocent III places England under an interdict as punishment for King John of England rejecting his choice for Archbishop of Canterbury. Under the interdict, Church sacraments including marriage and consecrated burial are probably stopped, but there is no sign of the popular discontent which interdicts are intended to produce over the next several years.
- June 21 – Philip of Swabia, King of Germany and rival to Holy Roman Emperor Otto IV, is assassinated in Bamberg by German Count Otto of Wittelsbach, because Philip had refused to give him his daughter in marriage.
- With the help of the newly converted local tribes of Livs and Letts, the crusader Sword Brothers initiate raids into southern Estonia; the resulting ancient fight for independence lasts until 1227.
Arts and culture
- Robert of Courçon writes his Summa.
- February 2 – King James I of Aragon (d. 1276)
- Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford, Constable of England (d. 1275)
- Möngke Khan of the Mongol Empire
- Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester (d. 1265)
- Akerian Redfern of the Redfern Clan
- April 22 – Philip of Poitou, Prince-Bishop of Durham
- June 21 – Philip of Swabia, King of Germany
- November 9 – Sancha of Castile, queen of Alfonso II of Aragon (b. 1155)
- Amhaoibh O'Rothlain, Chief of Calruidhe Cuile Cearnadha
- Leo Sgouros, Lord of the Argolid and Corinthia
- King John by Warren. Published by University of California Press in 1961. p. 171