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This article is about the year 1223. For the number, see 1223 (number).
|Centuries:||12th century – 13th century – 14th century|
|Decades:||1190s 1200s 1210s – 1220s – 1230s 1240s 1250s|
|Years:||1220 1221 1222 – 1223 – 1224 1225 1226|
|1223 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1223 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||1976|
|Bahá'í calendar||−621 – −620|
|English Regnal year||7 Hen. 3 – 8 Hen. 3|
|Chinese calendar||壬午年 (Water Horse)
3919 or 3859
— to —
癸未年 (Water Goat)
3920 or 3860
|- Vikram Samvat||1279–1280|
|- Shaka Samvat||1145–1146|
|- Kali Yuga||4324–4325|
|Japanese calendar||Jōō 2
|Minguo calendar||689 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||1766|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1223.|
- March 25 – Sancho II is crowned King of Portugal
- May 31 – Battle of the Kalka River: The Mongol armies of Genghis Khan defeat the Russian warriors.
- August 6 – Louis VIII is crowned King of France.
- Battle of Samara Bend: Volga Bulgars defeat the Mongol army.
- The Franciscan Rule is approved by Pope Honorius III.
- Failure of an attempt by the Sicilian fleet to reconquer Jerba.
- Livonian Crusade: Estonians revolt against the Livonian Brothers of the Sword and for a brief period reconquer all of their strongholds in Southern and Central Estonia.
- The Tatar Yoke in Russia begins when the Mongolian army invades after 87 years of the dominance of the Novgorod Republic state.
- Eleanor of Provence, Queen consort of England (d. 1291)
- Baibars, Mamluk Sultan of Egypt and Syria (d. 1277)
- Hugh le Despencer, 1st Baron le Despencer (d. 1265)
- John FitzAlan, 6th Earl of Arundel (d. 1267)
- Llywelyn ap Gruffudd, Last Native Prince of Wales (d. 1282)
- January 18 – Giorgi IV Lasha, King of Georgia (b. 1192)
- March 8 – Wincenty Kadłubek, Polish bishop and historian (b. 1161)
- March 25 – King Afonso II of Portugal (b. 1185)
- July 14 – King Philip II of France (b. 1165)
- date unknown
- Bresc, Henri (2003). "La Sicile et l'espace libyen au Moyen Age" (PDF). Retrieved 17 January 2012.