1232

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This article is about the year 1232.
Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries: 12th century13th century14th century
Decades: 1200s  1210s  1220s  – 1230s –  1240s  1250s  1260s
Years: 1229 1230 123112321233 1234 1235
1232 by topic
Politics
State leadersSovereign states
Birth and death categories
BirthsDeaths
Establishments and disestablishments categories
EstablishmentsDisestablishments
Art and literature
1232 in poetry
1232 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1232
MCCXXXII
Ab urbe condita 1985
Armenian calendar 681
ԹՎ ՈՁԱ
Assyrian calendar 5982
Bahá'í calendar −612 – −611
Bengali calendar 639
Berber calendar 2182
English Regnal year 16 Hen. 3 – 17 Hen. 3
Buddhist calendar 1776
Burmese calendar 594
Byzantine calendar 6740–6741
Chinese calendar 辛卯(Metal Rabbit)
3928 or 3868
    — to —
壬辰年 (Water Dragon)
3929 or 3869
Coptic calendar 948–949
Discordian calendar 2398
Ethiopian calendar 1224–1225
Hebrew calendar 4992–4993
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1288–1289
 - Shaka Samvat 1154–1155
 - Kali Yuga 4333–4334
Holocene calendar 11232
Igbo calendar 232–233
Iranian calendar 610–611
Islamic calendar 629–630
Japanese calendar Kangi 4 / Jōei 1
(貞永元年)
Juche calendar N/A
Julian calendar 1232
MCCXXXII
Korean calendar 3565
Minguo calendar 680 before ROC
民前680年
Thai solar calendar 1775


Year 1232 (MCCXXXII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Events[edit]

By area[edit]

Africa[edit]

  • The Almohad army besieges Ceuta where Abu Musa, the rebellious brother of the caliph, has received shelter and the support of the population. The Genoese rent a part of their fleet to the rebels who successfully resist the forces of the caliph.[1] The consequences of this revolt are threefold: the city becomes de facto independent from the Almohads, but its reliance on the Italian maritime powers increases and the trans-Saharan trade routes begin to shift eastward due to the local turmoil.

Asia[edit]

Europe[edit]

By topic[edit]

Markets[edit]

Religion[edit]

Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Picard, Christophe (1997). La mer et les musulmans d'Occident VIIIe-XIIIe siècle. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France. 
  2. ^ Peter Linehan (1999). "Chapter 21: Castile, Portugal and Navarre". In David Abulafia. The New Cambridge Medieval History c.1198-c.1300. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 668–699 [672]. ISBN 0-521-36289-X. 
  3. ^ Zuijderduijn, Jaco (2009). Medieval Capital Markets. Markets for renten, state formation and private investment in Holland (1300-1550). Leiden/Boston: Brill. ISBN 978-9-00417565-5. 
  4. ^ Dal-Gal, Niccolò (1907). "St. Anthony of Padua". The Catholic Encyclopedia 1. Robert Appleton Company. Retrieved 2011-06-13.