From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Centuries:||12th century – 13th century – 14th century|
|Decades:||1200s 1210s 1220s – 1230s – 1240s 1250s 1260s|
|Years:||1231 1232 1233 – 1234 – 1235 1236 1237|
|1234 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1234 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||1987|
|Bahá'í calendar||-610 – -609|
|English Regnal year||18 Hen. 3 – 19 Hen. 3|
|Chinese calendar||癸巳年 (Water Snake)
3930 or 3870
— to —
甲午年 (Wood Horse)
3931 or 3871
|- Vikram Samvat||1290–1291|
|- Shaka Samvat||1156–1157|
|- Kali Yuga||4335–4336|
|Japanese calendar||Tenpuku 2 / Bunryaku 1
|Minguo calendar||678 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||1777|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1234.|
- The Manden region rises against the Kaniaga kingdom. This is the beginning of a process that will lead to the rise of the Mali empire.
- February 9 – Song Dynasty Chinese and Mongolian armies occupy the Jurchen capital at Caizhou, marking the collapse of the Jin Dynasty (1115–1234).
- Upon the death of Knut Långe, the deposed Erik Eriksson returns as king of Sweden, possibly after a small war between the two of them. It is also possible that Knut dies of natural causes and Erik peacefully then returns as king.
- Pope Gregory IX calls for a crusade against Bosnia, and replaces the Bogumil Bosnian Bishop with a Catholic Dominican German, Johann.
- King Andrew II of Hungary proclaims herzeg Coloman as Ban of Bosnia, who passes it on to Prijezda, a cousin of Ban Matej Ninoslav (1234 to 1239), despite Matej being the legitimate Ban of Bosnia.
- Sancho II of Portugal conquers the cities of Aljustrel and Mértola over the Muslims.
- April 16 – Richard Marshal, 3rd Earl of Pembroke
- June 18 – Emperor Chūkyō of Japan (b. 1218)
- August 31 – Emperor Go-Horikawa of Japan (b. 1212)
- Alan, Lord of Galloway
- Stefan Radoslav, King of Serbia (b. 1192)
- Knut Långe, usurper to the Swedish throne since 1229