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|Centuries:||12th century – 13th century – 14th century|
|Decades:||1210s 1220s 1230s – 1240s – 1250s 1260s 1270s|
|Years:||1241 1242 1243 – 1244 – 1245 1246 1247|
|1244 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1244 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||1997|
|Bahá'í calendar||−600 – −599|
|English Regnal year||28 Hen. 3 – 29 Hen. 3|
|Chinese calendar||癸卯年 (Water Rabbit)
3940 or 3880
— to —
甲辰年 (Wood Dragon)
3941 or 3881
|- Vikram Samvat||1300–1301|
|- Shaka Samvat||1166–1167|
|- Kali Yuga||4345–4346|
|Japanese calendar||Kangen 2
|Minguo calendar||668 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||1787|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1244.|
- The Christian Reconquista in Iberia enjoys a string of successes:
- March 26 – By the treaty of Almirra, the king of Aragon and prince of Castile come to an agreement on the attribution of Muslim lands to still to be conquered.
- May 22 – James I of Aragon takes the Muslim-held city of Janita after several months of siege. This success is followed by the capture of Biar later that year.
- James I of Aragon reconquers Altea, Spain.
- The heir prince of Castile conduct a series of military operations to support the Muslim Huddite rulers of Murcia against rebel strongholds.
- Dogen Zenji establishes the Eiheiji temple in Japan, thus founding the Sōtō sect of Zen Buddhism.
- Sultan Malik al-Muattam razes the city walls of Jerusalem.
- The Cathars of Montségur surrender after a 9-month siege.
- Siege and Fall of Jerusalem leading to the Seventh Crusade.
- March 1 – Gruffyd ap Llywelyn, eldest, illegitimate son of Llywelyn the Great (b. 1200)
- Jeanne, Countess of Flanders and Hainault(b. 1199 or 1200)
- Eleonore, daughter of king Alfonso VIII and Eleonore Plantagenet
- Witco de Perchyc, Bohemian noble (b. 1177)
- de Epalza, Miguel (1999). Negotiating cultures: bilingual surrender treaties in Muslim-Crusader Spain under James the Conqueror. Brill. p. 96. ISBN 90-04-11244-8.