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|Centuries:||12th century – 13th century – 14th century|
|Decades:||1210s 1220s 1230s – 1240s – 1250s 1260s 1270s|
|Years:||1243 1244 1245 – 1246 – 1247 1248 1249|
|1246 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1246 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||1999|
|Bahá'í calendar||−598 – −597|
|English Regnal year||30 Hen. 3 – 31 Hen. 3|
|Chinese calendar||乙巳年 (Wood Snake)
3942 or 3882
— to —
丙午年 (Fire Horse)
3943 or 3883
|- Vikram Samvat||1302–1303|
|- Shaka Samvat||1168–1169|
|- Kali Yuga||4347–4348|
|Japanese calendar||Kangen 4
|Minguo calendar||666 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||1789|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1246.|
- Emperor Go-Fukakusa succeeds Emperor Go-Saga on the throne of Japan.
- Güyük Khan is enthroned as the 3rd Great Khan of the Mongol Empire (an event also witnessed by a papal mission under Giovanni da Pian del Carpine) at Karakorum.
- With the death of Duke Frederick II, the Babenberg dynasty ends in Austria.
- Spain: After two unsuccessful sieges in 1225 and 1230, the Castillans manage to take the city of Jaén from the Andalucians at the Siege of Jaen.
- The Gothic chapel of Sainte-Chapelle is built.
- Robert Grosseteste translates Aristotle's Nichomachean Ethics from Greek into Latin, which marks the true start of the rediscovery of the philosopher by Medieval Europe.
- Beaulieu Abbey is dedicated.
- February 25 – Dafydd ap Llywelyn, prince of Wales
- May 31 – Isabella of Angoulême, queen of John of England
- June 15 – Duke Frederick II of Austria (b. 1219)
- September 20 – Mikhail of Chernigov, Prince of Kiev
- September 30 – Yaroslav II of Russia (b. 1190)
- November 8 – Berenguela of Castile, queen of Castile and León (b. 1196)
- Walter IV of Brienne, Count of Brienne (b. 1205)
- Alice of Champagne, daughter of Henry II of Champagne and regent of Jerusalem (b. 1196)
- Richard Fitz Roy, illegitimate son of John of England
- Ednyfed Fychan, sensechal of Gwynedd
- Peter Linehan (1999). "Chapter 21: Castile, Portugal and Navarre". In David Abulafia. The New Cambridge Medieval History c.1198-c.1300. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 668–699 . ISBN 0-521-36289-X.
- Munro, John H. (2003). "The Medieval Origins of the Financial Revolution". The International History Review 15 (3): 506–562.