125th Street (Manhattan)

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This article is about the street in Manhattan. For other streets named after Martin Luther King, Jr., see List of streets named after Martin Luther King, Jr..

Coordinates: 40°48′39″N 73°57′09″W / 40.8108°N 73.9526°W / 40.8108; -73.9526

West 125th looking from Broadway towards the Hudson River. The 125th Street Station of the IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line can be seen overhead
The world-famous Apollo Theater

125th Street is a two-way street that runs east-west in the New York City borough of Manhattan, from First Avenue on the east to Marginal Street, a service road for the Henry Hudson Parkway along the Hudson River in the west. It is often considered to be the "Main Street" of Harlem, and is co-named Martin Luther King, Jr. Boulevard.

Notable buildings along 125th Street include the Apollo Theater, the Adam Clayton Powell Jr. State Office Building, the Hotel Theresa, the Studio Museum in Harlem, the Mount Morris Bank Building, the Harlem Children's Zone, the Church of St. Joseph of the Holy Family, and the former West End Theatre, now home to the La Gree Baptist Church.

Neighborhoods[edit]

The western part of the street runs diagonally between the neighborhoods of Manhattanville and Morningside Heights from the northwest from an interchange with the Henry Hudson Parkway at 130th Street. East of Morningside Avenue it runs east-west through central Harlem to Second Avenue, where a ramp connects it to the Robert F. Kennedy Bridge (Triborough Bridge), continuing to First Avenue, where it connects to the southbound FDR Drive and the Willis Avenue Bridge.

Beginning in the late 1990s, many sections of 125th Street have been gentrified and developed with such stores as MAC Cosmetics, Old Navy, H&M, CVS/pharmacy, and Magic Johnson Theaters. The historic Apollo Theater is here. In collaboration with the community, the city has developed a plan for the 125th Street corridor focusing on reinforcing and building upon its strengths as an arts and cultural corridor.[1]

West of Convent Avenue, 125th Street was re-routed onto what was formerly called Manhattan Street prior to 1940. What remains of the original alignment of 125th Street was renamed La Salle Street at that time. The remaining blocks run between Amsterdam Avenue and Claremont Avenue. The New York Times lamented the name changes, noting that the new names had "somewhat doubtful nomenclature," and that the City's "Aldermen like French names" but gave no rationale for the moves otherwise.[2]

A block of the original 125th Street was de-mapped to make the super-blocks where the Grant Houses projects now exist. A proposal to convert the street into a Trans-Harlem Expressway died when funds were diverted from the proposed 125th Street Hudson River bridge.

Fault line[edit]

A rift in the crust runs along underneath this street and is known as the 125th Street Fault. The fault line creates a fault valley deep enough to require the IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line to become a trestle bridge between 122nd and 135th Streets. The street in the 18th century was called The Hollow Way.

Public transportation[edit]

The following New York City Subway stations are located at 125th Street (west to east):

Metro-North Railroad's Harlem – 125th Street commuter station is also on 125th Street, at Park Avenue.

Gallery[edit]

Notable occupants[edit]

In popular culture[edit]

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ New York City Economic Development Corporation (NYCEDC) 125th Street Project
  2. ^ "Harlem Street Renamed" New York Times (June 27, 1920)
  3. ^ Dunlap, David W. From Abyssinian to Zion. (2004) New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 0-231-12543-7, p.292
  4. ^ White, Norval & Willensky, Elliot with Leadon, Fran (2010). AIA Guide to New York City (5th ed.). New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780195383867. , p.529
  5. ^ CurbedNY
  6. ^ Frractenberg, Ben. "Bill Clinton Renews Lease on Harlem Office Space" DNAinfo (November 8, 2010)
  7. ^ Leonard, Tom. "Harlem's identity under threat from developers", The Telegraph, March 16, 2008. Accessed April 8, 2008. "Harlem has seen rapid gentrification since the late 1990s and 125th Street - included last year in a list of America's 10 greatest streets - is now home to Bill Clinton's office."
  8. ^ The Velvet Underground, "I'm Waiting for the Man", The Velvet Underground & Nico, Verve, 1967.

External links[edit]