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This article is about the year 1272.
|Centuries:||12th century – 13th century – 14th century|
|Decades:||1240s 1250s 1260s – 1270s – 1280s 1290s 1300s|
|Years:||1269 1270 1271 – 1272 – 1273 1274 1275|
|1272 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1272 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||2025|
|Bahá'í calendar||−572 – −571|
|English Regnal year||56 Hen. 3 – 1 Edw. 1|
|Chinese calendar||辛未年 (Metal Goat)
3968 or 3908
— to —
壬申年 (Water Monkey)
3969 or 3909
|- Vikram Samvat||1328–1329|
|- Shaka Samvat||1194–1195|
|- Kali Yuga||4373–4374|
|Japanese calendar||Bun'ei 9
|Minguo calendar||640 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||1815|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1272.|
- May 12 – The Mamluk sultan Baybars and the Kingdom of Jerusalem conclude a ten-year truce at Caesarea.
- Baybars invades the weakening kingdom of Makuria to the south of Egypt.
- Charles I of Anjou, King of Naples, occupies Durazzo in Albania and establishes an Albanian kingdom.
- Count Floris V of Holland makes an unsuccessful attack on Frisia in an attempt to recover the body of his father, Count William II.
- November 16 – Edward I becomes King of England.
- King Alphonso III of Portugal eliminates the last Moorish community in Portugal at Faro.
- The Worshipful Company of Cordwainers receives the right to regulate the leather trade in London, England.
- In astronomy, the recording of the Alfonsine tables is completed.
- The first recorded reference is made to the game of cricket.
- December 13 – King Frederick III of Sicily (d. 1337)
- date unknown – Bernardo Tolomei, theologian (d. 1348)
- Otto I of Hesse (approximate date; d. 1328)
- March 17 – Emperor Go-Saga of Japan (b. 1220)
- March 18 – John FitzAlan, 7th Earl of Arundel (b. 1246)
- April 2 – Richard, 1st Earl of Cornwall, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1209)
- April 27 – Saint Zita
- August 6 – King Stephen V of Hungary
- November 16 – King Henry III of England (b. 1207)
- December 13 – Bertold von Regensburg, German preacher
- Bartholomeus Anglicus, English Franciscan monk and encyclopedia writer (b. before 1203)
- William of Saint-Amour, French scholastic philosopher (b. 1200)
- William of Sherwood, English logician (approximate date; b. c.1200)