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This article is about the year 1273.
|Centuries:||12th century – 13th century – 14th century|
|Decades:||1240s 1250s 1260s – 1270s – 1280s 1290s 1300s|
|Years:||1270 1271 1272 – 1273 – 1274 1275 1276|
|1273 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1273 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||2026|
|Bahá'í calendar||−571 – −570|
|English Regnal year||1 Edw. 1 – 2 Edw. 1|
|Chinese calendar||壬申年 (Water Monkey)
3969 or 3909
— to —
癸酉年 (Water Rooster)
3970 or 3910
|- Vikram Samvat||1329–1330|
|- Shaka Samvat||1195–1196|
|- Kali Yuga||4374–4375|
|Japanese calendar||Bun'ei 10
|Minguo calendar||639 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||1816|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1273.|
- September 29 – Rudolph I of Germany is elected King of Germany over rival candidate King Otakar II of Bohemia, ending the Interregnum; Otakar refuses to acknowledge Rudolph as the new king, leading to the outbreak of war in 1276. Rudolph is the first of many Habsburgs to hold the throne.
- December 6 – Thomas Aquinas quits his writing of Summa Theologica — a master work of Catholic theology — leaving it unfinished after having a mystical experience during Mass.
- The Constantinople suburb of Galata is given to the Republic of Genoa by the Byzantine Emperor Michael VIII Palaiologos, in return for Genoa's support of the Empire after the Fourth Crusade and the sacking of Constantinople.
- King Otakar II of Bohemia captures Bratislava from Hungary.
- The Congregatio Regni tocius Sclavonie Generalis with its decisions (statuta et constitutiones), is the oldest surviving document written by the Croatian parliament.
- Alfonso X of Castile creates and grants privileges to the Mesta to promote the woollen industry.
- July – The Sultan Baybars captures the last remaining stronghold of the Hashashin sect, al-Kahf Castle.
- December – Followers of the recently deceased Jalal al-Din Muhammad Rumi establish the Sufi order of the Whirling Dervishes in the city of Konya (in present-day Turkey).
- The "Holy Redeemer" khachkar, believed to be one of the finest examples of the art form, is carved in Haghpat, Armenia, by Vahram.
- January 31 – The 6-year-long battle of Xiangyang ends as the commander of the Song Dynasty's forces surrender to Kublai Khan's Yuan Dynasty. The battle is the first in which firearms are used in combat.
- In Korea, the Sambyeolcho Rebellion against the Goryeo Dynasty (a puppet government of the Yuan Dynasty) ends as rebel forces are defeated by combined Yuan and Goryeo forces.
- July 15 – Ewostatewos, Ethiopian monk and religious leader (d. 1352)
- November 24 – Alphonso, Earl of Chester, son of Edward I of England (d. 1284)
- November – Abu al-Fida, Arab historian (d. 1331)
- date unknown – David VIII of Georgia (d. 1311)
- October – Baldwin II of Constantinople, last Latin Emperor of Constantinople (b. 1217)
- December 17 – Jalal al-Din Muhammad Rumi, Persian poet and Sufi mystic (b. 1207)